The Physiology of Softball/Baseball Megan M. Kiefer ESS 110 Introduction to Coaching April 15, 2009
Research says… • ATP-PC: Essential for most common actions in the sport including sprinting, hitting, and fielding. Players uses this system about 80% of time during performance • Glycolytic: Used when a player is required to run multiple bases, possibly less in softball than baseball since bases are shorter distances. Still anaerobic and necessary for the athlete, but less is required of this system than the ATP-PC • Aerobic: Rarely used due to ability to rest/recover between actions. Training in this area is not as essential
Conclusions • Research is consistent with ASEP model/my estimations • Training should put emphasis on anaerobic systems, particularly ATP-PC • Less focus on aerobic systems
References • Chapter 28: Baseball. (1997, January). Cross-Training for Sports • Coleman, Eugene. "Running Speeds of Major League Baseball Players." Journal of Exercise Physiology 8(2005). • Ko, B., & Kim, J. (2005, June). Physical Fitness Profiles of Elite Ball Game Athletes. International Journal of Applied Sports Sciences, 17(1), 71-87. • Martens, R (2004). Successful Coaching. Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics Publishers. • Perelli, D. (1996, August). The relationship between pitching velocity and anaerobic power - literature review. Strength & Conditioning, 18(4), 58-63. • Potteiger, J., Williford, H., Blessing, D., & Smidt, J. (1992, February). Effect of two training methods on improving baseball performance variables. Journal of Applied Sport Science Research, 6(1), 2-6. • Wilmore, J et al (2008). Physiology of Sport and Exercise. • York, H. (1995). Contributions of anticipation timing and anaerobic power to batting performance in slow pitch softball. .