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Old Testament. Ezekiel and Daniel. © John Stevenson, 2012. Ezekiel. The Prophet-Priest. Ezekiel. 1 - 24. 25 - 32. 33 - 48. Oracles against Judah. Oracles against Nations. Oracles of Salvation. Ezekiel’s call (1-2) Judgment (3-7) Temple (8-11) Judgment (12-14) Pictures (15-19)

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ezekiel and daniel

Old Testament

Ezekiel and Daniel

© John Stevenson, 2012

the prophet priest

Ezekiel

The Prophet-Priest

slide3

Ezekiel

1 - 24

25 - 32

33 - 48

Oracles against Judah

Oracles against Nations

Oracles of Salvation

  • Ezekiel’s call (1-2)
  • Judgment (3-7)
  • Temple (8-11)
  • Judgment (12-14)
  • Pictures (15-19)
  • Judgment (20-23)
  • Pictures (24)
  • Amon
  • Moab
  • Edom
  • Philistia
  • Tyre
  • Sidon
  • Egypt
  • Watchman (33)
  • Restoration (34-37)
  • Gog & Magog (38-39)
  • New Temple (40-48)
slide4

620 610 600 590 580 570 560

Amos

Jehoahaz

Jehoiachin

Josiah

Babylonian Captivity

Zedekiah

Jehoiakim

Jerusalem & Temple Destroyed

Joel?

Obadiah?

Jeremiah

Daniel

Habakkuk

Ezekiel

Fall of

Nineveh

ezekiel s chariot vision
Ezekiel’s Chariot Vision
  • Something like glowing metal in the midst of the fire (1:4).
  • Four living beings
  • Wheels within wheels
1 chronicles 28 18

1 Chronicles 28:18

...the altar of incense refined gold by weight; and gold for the model of the chariot, even the cherubim, that spread out their wings, and covered the ark of the covenant of the LORD

daniel 7 9

Daniel 7:9

I kept looking Until thrones were set up, and the Ancient of Days took His seat; His vesture was like white snow, and the hair of His head like pure wool. His throne was ablaze with flames, its wheels were a burning fire

meaning of the vision
Meaning of the Vision
  • God is the God over all life, whether wild animals or domesticated animals or birds of men
  • The wheels are a picture of the mighty power of God.
the glory of the lord
The Glory of the Lord
  • Ezekiel sees the glory of the presence of the Lord within His temple (8:4).
  • The glory of God is seen at the doorway to the temple (9:3).
  • It next leaves the doorway and moves out to the Eastern Gate (10:18)
the glory of the lord1
The Glory of the Lord
  • It moves completely out of the city of Jerusalem: And the glory of the LORD went up from the midst of the city, and stood over the mountain which is east of the city (Ezekiel 11:23).
slide11

Ezekiel

1 - 24

25 - 32

33 - 48

Oracles against Judah

Oracles against Nations

Oracles of Salvation

  • Ezekiel’s call (1-2)
  • Judgment (3-7)
  • Temple (8-11)
  • Judgment (12-14)
  • Pictures (15-19)
  • Judgment (20-23)
  • Pictures (24)
  • Amon
  • Moab
  • Edom
  • Philistia
  • Tyre
  • Sidon
  • Egypt
  • Watchman (33)
  • Restoration (34-37)
  • Gog & Magog (38-39)
  • New Temple (40-48)
ezekiel 26 1 3

Ezekiel 26:1-3

Now in the eleventh year, on the first of the month, the word of the LORD came to me saying, 2 “Son of man, because Tyre has said concern-ing Jerusalem, ‘Aha, the gateway of the peoples is broken; it has opened to me. I shall be filled, now that she is laid waste,’ 3 therefore thus says the Lord GOD, 'Behold, I am against you, O Tyre, and I will bring up many nations against you, as the sea brings up its waves.”

slide13

Tyre

ezekiel 26 4

Ezekiel 26:4

They will destroy the walls of Tyre and break down her towers; and I will scrape her debris from her and make her a bare rock.

ezekiel 26 5

Ezekiel 26:5

“She will be a place for the spreading of nets in the midst of the sea, for I have spoken,” declares the Lord GOD, “and she will become spoil for the nations.”

ezekiel 26 7 8

Ezekiel 26:7-8

For thus says the Lord GOD, “Behold, I will bring upon Tyre from the north Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon, king of kings, with horses, chariots, cavalry and a great army. 8 He will slay your daughters on the mainland with the sword; and he will make siege walls against you, cast up a ramp against you and raise up a large shield against you.”

ezekiel 26 9 10

Ezekiel 26:9-10

The blow of his battering rams he will direct against your walls, and with his axes he will break down your towers. 10 Because of the multitude of his horses, the dust raised by them will cover you; your walls will shake at the noise of cavalry and wagons and chariots when he enters your gates as men enter a city that is breached.

ezekiel 26 12

Ezekiel 26:12

Also they will make a spoil of your riches and a prey of your merchandise, break down your walls and destroy your pleasant houses, and throw your stones and your timbers and your debris into the water.

slide22

Seven month siege

  • Fall of Tyre on July 29. 332 B.C.
ezekiel 37
Ezekiel 37

The Vision of Dry Bones

ezekiel 37 1 2

Ezekiel 37:1-2

The hand of the LORD was upon me, and He brought me out by the Spirit of the LORD and set me down in the middle of the valley; and it was full of bones. 2 He caused me to pass among them round about, and behold, there were very many on the surface of the valley; and lo, they were very dry.

ezekiel 37 11 12

Ezekiel 37:11-12

Then He said to me, “Son of man, these bones are the whole house of Israel; behold, they say, ‘Our bones are dried up and our hope has perished. We are completely cut off.’ 12 Therefore prophesy and say to them, 'Thus says the Lord GOD, “Behold, I will open your graves and cause you to come up out of your graves, My people; and I will bring you into the land of Israel.”

ezekiel 37 13 14

Ezekiel 37:13-14

“Then you will know that I am the LORD, when I have opened your graves and caused you to come up out of your graves, My people. 14 I will put My Spirit within you and you will come to life, and I will place you on your own land. Then you will know that I, the LORD, have spoken and done it,” declares the LORD.

ezekiel s vision john s revelation
A Temple within the City

The New Jerusalem

Ezekiel’s Vision John’s Revelation
  • Ezekiel is taken in this vision to a very high mountain (40:2)
  • John is carried in the Spirit to a great and high mountain (21:10)
  • A man uses a rod to measure the dimensions of the temple (40:5-ff)
  • An angel measures the city with a rod (21:15-17)
  • The entire temple area is a perfect square (42:15-20)
  • The entire city is a perfect cube (21:16)
ezekiel s vision john s revelation1
A Temple within the City

The New Jerusalem

Ezekiel’s Vision John’s Revelation
  • The presence of the glory of the Lord enters the temple (43:3-4)
  • No need of sun or moon because the Lord illumines His city (22:5)
  • No foreigner is admitted into the temple (44:9)
  • Nothing unclean and no unbeliever is allowed into the city (21:8, 27)
  • A river of water flows out of the temple (47:1)
  • A river of the water of life comes from the throne of God (22:1)
ezekiel s vision john s revelation2
A Temple within the City

The New Jerusalem

Ezekiel’s Vision John’s Revelation
  • There are a total of 12 gates around the city (48:30-34)
  • There are 12 gates to the city (21:21)
  • The name of the city shall be: “The Lord is there” (48:35).
  • The throne of God shall be there (22:3)
ezekiel 43 4 5

Ezekiel 43:4-5

And the glory of the LORD came into the house by the way of the gate facing toward the east. 5 And the Spirit lifted me up and brought me into the inner court; and behold, the glory of the LORD filled the house.

slide32

610 600 590 580 570 560 550 540 530

Amos

Return

from

Exile

Babylonian Captivity

Kings of Judah

Jerusalem & Temple Destroyed

Joel?

The Prophet of Social Justice

Zephaniah

Daniel

Jeremiah

Habakkuk

Obadiah?

Ezekiel

daniel 1 1

Daniel 1:1

In the third year of the reign of Jehoiakim king of Judah, Nebuchad-nezzar king of Babylon came to Jerusalem and besieged it. 2 And the Lord gave Jehoiakim king of Judah into his hand, along with some of the vessels of the house of God; and he brought them to the land of Shinar, to the house of his god, and he brought the vessels into the treasury of his god.

slide34

Carchemish

Babylon

Nebuchadnezzar

Jerusalem

Pharaoh

Neco

slide35

Carchemish

Babylon

Nebuchadnezzar

Jerusalem

Pharaoh

Neco

slide36

Overview of Daniel

8:1

Written in the Third Person

Written in the First Person

Seven Historical Narratives

Four Prophetic Visions

1:1

features of the book
Features of the Book
  • Partially written in Aramaic
slide38

Overview of Daniel

8:1

Written in the Third Person

Written in the First Person

Seven Historical Narratives

Four Prophetic Visions

1:1

Hebrew

Written in Aramaic

Written in Hebrew

Prologue

Prophetic History relating to the Gentiles

Prophetic History relating to the Jews

features of the book1
Features of the Book
  • Partially written in Aramaic
  • Emphasis on the Kingdom
  • Emphasis on Prayer
  • The Spiritual Battle
daniel 1 8

Daniel 1:8

But Daniel made up his mind that he would not defile himself with the king's choice food or with the wine which he drank; so he sought permission from the commander of the officials that he might not defile himself.

daniel 1 19

Daniel 1:19

The king talked with them, and out of them all not one was found like Daniel, Hananiah, Mishael and Azariah; so they entered the king’s personal service.

daniel 1 20 21

Daniel 1:20-21

As for every matter of wisdom and understanding about which the king consulted them, he found them ten times better than all the magicians and conjurers who were in all his realm. 21 And Daniel continued until the first year of Cyrus the king.

dream of image of the four kingdoms 2
Dream of image of the four kingdoms (2)

Rescue of Daniel’s friends from the fiery furnace (3)

Nebuchadnezzar’s dream of the treeDaniel’s interpretationNebuchadnezzar’s humiliation (4)

Belshazzar’s handwriting on the wallDaniel’s interpretationBelshazzar’s death (5)

Rescue of Daniel from the lion’s den (6)

Night vision of the four beasts (7)

daniel 2

Meaning

Daniel 7

Daniel 2

Kings & Kingdoms

Vision of beasts from the sea

Head of fine gold

Babylon

Lion with wings

Breast & arms of silver

Medes & Persia

Bear with three ribs in its teeth

Vision of a great statue

slide50

Medes

Babylon

Persians

daniel 21

Meaning

Daniel 7

Daniel 2

Kings & Kingdoms

Vision of beasts from the sea

Head of fine gold

Babylon

Lion with wings

Breast & arms of silver

Medes & Persia

Bear with three ribs in its teeth

Vision of a great statue

Belly & thighs of bronze

Greek Empire

Leopard with 4 wings & 4 heads

daniel 22

Meaning

Daniel 7

Daniel 2

Kings & Kingdoms

Vision of beasts from the sea

Head of fine gold

Babylon

Lion with wings

Breast & arms of silver

Medes & Persia

Bear with three ribs in its teeth

Vision of a great statue

Belly & thighs of bronze

Greek Empire

Leopard with 4 wings & 4 heads

Legs of iron & clay; ten toes

Antiochus?

Rome?

Beast with iron teeth & ten horns

daniel 23

Meaning

Daniel 7

Daniel 2

All previous kingdoms destroyed by the stone cut without hands

Coming of the Lord and His Kingdom

Ancient of Days takes his seat and passes judgment

A new kingdom that will never be destroyed (2:44)

His kingdom will be an everlasting kingdom (7:27)

lessons from daniel 7
Lessons from Daniel 7
  • Earthly power in and of itself degenerates into brutality.
  • It is the tendency of brutality to increase.
  • Restoration is an act of God, not of man.
daniel 7

Successive beasts rise up out of the ocean

A ram standing by a canal is attacked by a goat coming from the west

  • Babylon
  • Medes & Persia
  • Greece
  • Other Kingdom
  • Medes & Persia
  • Greece

Daniel 8

Vision given in the third year of the reign of Belshazzar the king

Daniel 7

Dream comes in the first year of Belshazzar king of Babylon

Large horn broken; gives way to ten horns

Terrible beast has ten horns

daniel 71

Daniel 8

Daniel 7

Out comes a small

horn that…

Out comes a small

horn that…

  • Pulls up three previous horns
  • Utters great boasts
  • Alterations in times and law
  • Wages war against saints and wins against them
  • Grows exceedingly
  • Magnifies itself against heaven
  • Removes regular sacrifice & throws down the temple
  • Flings truth to the ground
daniel 72

Daniel 8

Endures for 2300 mornings and evenings

Saints are given into his hand for a time, times, and half a time

Daniel 7

Then the holy place will be properly restored

Then sovereignty, dominion, and greatness are given to the saints of the Most High

daniel 11 2

Daniel 11:2

And now I will tell you the truth. Behold, three more kings are going to arise in Persia. Then a fourth will gain far more riches than all of them; as soon as he becomes strong through his riches, he will arouse the whole empire against the realm of Greece

daniel 11 3

Daniel 11:3

And a mighty king will arise, and he will rule with great authority and do as he pleases.

daniel 11 4

Daniel 11:4

But as soon as he has arisen, his kingdom will be broken up and parceled out toward the four points of the compass, though not to his own descendants, nor according to his authority which he wielded; for his sovereignty will be uprooted and given to others besides them.

daniel 11 5

Daniel 11:5

Then the king of the South will grow strong, along with one of his princes who will gain ascendancy over him and obtain dominion; his domain will be a great dominion indeed.

slide64

Seleucus

Ptolemy

daniel 11 6

Daniel 11:6

And after some years they will form an alliance, and the daughter of the king of the South will come to the king of the North to carry out a peaceful arrangement. But she will not retain her position of power, nor will he remain with his power, but she will be given up, along with those who brought her in, and the one who sired her, as well as he who supported her in those times.

slide66

Seleucus

  • Antiochus IV
  • Hostage in Rome
  • Escape
  • Appointments in
  • Judah

Ptolemy

antiochus imposed the following regulations
Antiochus imposed the following regulations
  • Jews could not assemble for prayer
  • Observance of the Sabbath forbidden
  • Possession of the Scriptures illegal
  • Circumcision was illegal
  • Dietary laws illegal
  • Pagan sacrifices mandated
slide68

Seleucus

  • Maccabean Revolt
  • 166 B.C.
  • Mattathias
  • Temple liberated

Ptolemy

daniel 11 29 30

Daniel 11:29-30

At the appointed time he will return and come into the South, but this last time it will not turn out the way it did before. 30 For ships of Kittim will come against him; therefore he will be disheartened and will return and become enraged at the holy covenant and take action; so he will come back and show regard for those who forsake the holy covenant.

daniel 11 31

Daniel 11:31

And forces from him will arise, desecrate the sanctuary fortress, and do away with the regular sacrifice. And they will set up the abomination of desolation.

antiochus epiphanes
Antiochus Epiphanes
  • Comes on the heels of Alexander’s generals
  • Magnifies itself against the Jews and against their God
  • He puts a stop to the sacrificial system and makes alterations to the Law
  • He attempts to overturn the truth of the Scriptures
  • He has power over the nation of Israel
antiochus epiphanes1
Antiochus Epiphanes
  • His sway over the Temple endures for approximately 3 and a half years (2300 mornings and evenings).
  • Then the holy place is ultimately properly restored
daniel 12 1

Daniel 12:1

Now at that time Michael, the great prince who stands guard over the sons of your people, will arise. And there will be a time of distress such as never occurred since there was a nation until that time; and at that time your people, everyone who is found written in the book, will be rescued.

a time of distress
“A time of distress…”
  • Abomination of Desolation brought by Antiochus Epiphanes in 168 B.C.
  • Destruction of the Temple brought by Titus in A.D. 70
  • The Final Judgment
daniel 12 2

Daniel 12:2

And many of those who sleep in the dust of the ground will awake, these to everlasting life, but the others to disgrace and everlasting contempt.

daniel 12 4

Daniel 12:4

But as for you, Daniel, conceal these words and seal up the book until the end of time; many will go back and forth, and knowledge will increase.

daniel 9
Daniel 9

The Prophecy of the Seventy Weeks

daniel 9 1 2

Daniel 9:1-2

In the first year of Darius the son of Ahasuerus, of Median descent, who was made king over the kingdom of the Chaldeans-- 2 in the first year of his reign, I, Daniel, observed in the books the number of the years which was revealed as the word of the LORD to Jeremiah the prophet for the completion of the desolations of Jerusalem, namely, seventy years.

daniel 9 3

Daniel 9:3

So I gave my attention to the Lord God to seek Him by prayer and supplications, with fasting, sackcloth and ashes.

daniel 9 4 5

Daniel 9:4-5

I prayed to the LORD my God and confessed and said, “Alas, O Lord, the great and awesome God, who keeps His covenant and lovingkindness for those who love Him and keep His command-ments, 5 we have sinned, committed iniquity, acted wickedly and rebelled, even turning aside from Your command-ments and ordinances.”

daniel 9 6

Daniel 9:6

“Moreover, we have not listened to Your servants the prophets, who spoke in Your name to our kings, our princes, our fathers and all the people of the land.”

daniel 9 20 21

Daniel 9:20-21

Now while I was speaking and praying, and confessing my sin and the sin of my people Israel, and presenting my supplication before the LORD my God in behalf of the holy mountain of my God, 21 while I was still speaking in prayer, then the man Gabriel, whom I had seen in the vision previously, came to me in my extreme weariness about the time of the evening offering.

daniel 9 24

Daniel 9:24

Seventy weeks have been decreed for your people and your holy city, to finish the transgression, to make an end of sin, to make atonement for iniquity, to bring in everlasting righteousness, to seal up vision and prophecy and to anoint the most holy place.

seventy sevens
Seventy Sevens
  • To finish the transgression
  • To make an end of sin
  • To make atonement for iniquity
  • To bring in everlasting righteousness
  • To seal up vision and prophecy
  • To anoint the most holy place
daniel 9 25

Daniel 9:25

So you are to know and discern that from the issuing of a decree to restore and rebuild Jerusalem until Messiah the Prince there will be seven weeks and sixty-two weeks; it will be built again, with plaza and moat, even in times of distress.

daniel 9 26

Daniel 9:26

Then after the sixty-two weeks the Messiah will be cut off and have nothing, and the people of the prince who is to come will destroy the city and the sanctuary. And its end will come with a flood; even to the end there will be war; desolations are determined.

author

Bible

Date

Decree

Author

Ezra 1:1-4

539

Jews allowed to return & rebuild temple

Darius

Ezra 6:8-12

520

Jews allowed to complete the temple

Cyrus

Artaxerxes

Ezra 7:11-28

457

Ezra brings another return

Artaxerxes

Neh. 1

445

Nehemiah allowed to rebuild walls

date for giving the decree

The Dates and the 483 Years

Plus 483 years

Date for giving the decree

Ezra 1:1-4

539

56 B.C.

Darius

Ezra 6:8-12

520

37 B.C.

Cyrus

Artaxerxes

Ezra 7:11-28

457

27 A.D.

Artaxerxes

Neh. 1

445

39 A.D.

605 b c

Maccabean Interpretation

605 B.C.

62 Weeks(434 Years)

171 B.C.

Middle of 70th week temple desecrated by Antiochus IV

First fall of Jerusalem

7 Weeks(49 Years)

Murder of High Priest

538 B.C. Temple to be rebuild

587 B.C. Temple destroyed

444 b c

Dispensational Interpretation

444 B.C.

69 Weeks(adapted years)

70th Week

(

Church Age

)

2nd Coming of Christ

Order to rebuild walls of Jerusalem

Rapture

Crucifixion of Christ

457 b c
457 B.C.

Historical Interpretation

70th Week

69 Weeks

Jerusalem destroyed

First order to rebuild walls of Jerusalem

Beginning of ministry of Jesus

slide92

For we are slaves; yet in our bondage our God has not forsaken us, but has extended lovingkindness to us in the sight of the kings of Persia, to give us reviving to raise up the house of our God, to restore its ruins and to give us a wall in Judah and Jerusalem. (Ezra 9:9).

daniel 9 261

Daniel 9:26

Then after the sixty-two weeks the Messiah will be cut off and have nothing, and the people of the prince who is to come will destroy the city and the sanctuary. And its end will come with a flood; even to the end there will be war; desolations are determined.

daniel 9 27

Daniel 9:27

And he will make a firm covenant with the many for one week, but in the middle of the week he will put a stop to sacrifice and grain offering; and on the wing of abominations will come one who makes desolate, even until a complete destruction, one that is decreed, is poured out on the one who makes desolate.

construction from the issuing of a decree to restore and rebuild jerusalem
Construction: From the issuing of a decree to restore and rebuild Jerusalem

Messiah: …until Messiah the Prince

Construction: …it will be built again

Messiah: Messiah will be cut off

Anti-messiah: …and the people of the prince who is to come

Destruction: …will destroy the city and the sanctuary; desolations are determined

Messiah: He will make a firm covenant with the many for one week

Destruction: He will put a stop to the sacrifice and grain offering

slide96

Therefore when you see the abomination of desolation which was spoken of through Daniel the prophet, standing in the holy place (let the reader understand), 16 then those who are in Judea must flee to the mountains.

(Matthew 24:15-16)

slide97

Whoever is on the housetop must not go down to get the things out that are in his house. 18 Whoever is in the field must not turn back to get his cloak. 19 But woe to those who are pregnant and to those who are nursing babies in those days! 20 But pray that your flight will not be in the winter, or on a Sabbath.

(Matthew 24:17-20)

slide98

For then there will be a great tribulation, such as has not occurred since the beginning of the world until now, nor ever will.

(Matthew 24:21)

slide99

“...the entire nation was now shut up by fate as in a prison, and the Roman army encompassed the city when it was crowded with inhabitants. Accordingly, the multitude of those that therein perished exceeded all the destructions that either men or God ever brought upon the world.” (Wars of the Jews 6:9:4).