Poetic Devices:Figurative Language English 1 Mrs. Foster
Figurative Language LANGUAGE THAT USES FIGURES OF SPEECH, IN WHICH TWO SEEMINGLY DIFFERENT THINGS ARE COMPARED.
Figurative language We sucked at oranges we stole from your alcoholic neighbors who fermented in their bed all day and watched TV. Texas oil and California land married their tanned, torpid bodies and produced one hand steady enough to switch the channels by remote control. Robert Hass
Simile A COMPARISON OF TWO THINGS USING “LIKE” OR “AS”
Metaphor A DIRECT COMPARISON OF TWO THINGS, WITHOUT USING “LIKE” OR “AS”
Similes & metaphors We live on the roof of Hell, he says, and Ahmed believes it, he’s watched the gas flares rise from holes in the earth, he’s seen the black river wash through the village in a flood of oil as if the drillers had struck a vein deep in the skull of God, and the old man says Boy, you must learn how to live here – where the dead are buried deep in the mind of God, manifest in man and woman, given to earth in dark blood, given to earth in fire. Brian Turner
Personification GIVING HUMAN QUALITIES TO NON-HUMAN OBJECTS OR IDEAS.
Personification These feet write history on the dirt road and no one reads it Naomi Shihab Nye
Symbol AN OBJECT THAT REPRESENTS A LARGER CONCEPT OR IDEA.
symbol Each time you go through this you lose a little less color the water is less pink, blue, or gray this is what i try to say: don’t let them wring it out of you because they like starch, don’t let that apply to your neck
symbol you are real, 100% cotton, you can wrinkle, accept that as a gift and accept these rinses, they are tedious they will come again and again after awhile, you will have nothing more they can take Naomi Shihab Nye
Repetition THE USE OF A WORD OR PHRASE OVER AND OVER WITHIN A POEM.
repetition Benny’s handsome, red-brown like rust on a hoe. Empty headed cows loll in the pasture ignoring the mule’s bray. Light shines as easily through a cicada’s husk clinging to a tree as through a bottle of liniment or a glass of tea on the dinner table. The hems of his overalls fray and tickle Benny’s skin as he plows. Empty promises from a brother, emptied simply, without violation, friable as leaves underfoot on a fall day, translucent as a cicada’s husk clinging to a tree. Sean Hill
Activity • Describe your best friend using three different figures of speech: • Simile • Metaphor • Personification