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Constitutional Convention

Constitutional Convention

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Constitutional Convention

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  1. Constitutional Convention 1787

  2. Convention was the idea of James Madison • The support of George Washington was important. • 55 delegates met in Philadelphia.

  3. Articles of Confederation -Weaknesses • Created a weak central government. • Congress with limited power. • Independent states held most of the power.

  4. Restructure Government - Constitution

  5. Issue: Representation LARGER STATES SMALLER STATES

  6. Issue: Representation • Larger States supported: • Virginia Plan • Proposed by James Madison and Edmund Randolph.

  7. Virginia Plan • Proposed the creation of three branches of government: • Legislative • Executive • Judicial

  8. Virginia Plan • The number of representatives would be determined by the population of each state. • Larger states would have more votes = more power.

  9. New Jersey Plan • Smaller states supported: • New Jersey Plan • Proposed by William Paterson

  10. New Jersey Plan • Proposed the creation of one branch: • Congress would have more power. • Each state would receive one vote.

  11. Connecticut Compromise“The Great Compromise” • Proposed by Roger Sherman from Connecticut. • Two House Legislature: - The House of Representatives -Representatives determined by population. - The Senate -Each state would receive equal votes - Two votes per state.

  12. Issue: Slavery Northern States Southern States

  13. Southern States • Southern States wanted slaves to count in terms of representation. • Southern states did not want slaves to count for taxes.

  14. Northern States • Northern states wanted slaves to count for taxation. • Northern states did not want slaves to count for representation.

  15. 3/5 Compromise

  16. 3/5 Compromise • Slaves were considered property. • 3 out of every 5 slaves would count for taxation and representation.

  17. What is missing from the Constitution? The Constitution is missing the _________ ____ __________.

  18. The Anti-Federalist • George Mason, Patrick Henry, and Samuel Adams refused to ratify the Constitution. • They refused to pass a Constitution without a Bill of Rights. • They feared the government would become too powerful.

  19. The Anti-Federalists • The Antifederalists wrote a series of essays known as the Anti-Federalists Papers. • The essays supported the idea that a strong central government could become tyrannical.

  20. The Federalist • James Madison, John Jay, and Alexander Hamilton supported a Constitution without a Bill of Rights. • They felt it was more important to have a strong central government. • They believed in dividing the powers between the branches and the states.

  21. The Federalist Papers • The Federalists also wrote a series of essays known as the “Federalists Papers.” • The essays supported the idea of a strong central government.

  22. Compromise • A compromise was reached between Federalists and Anti-federalists. • The Constitution was ratified on Sept. 17, 1787. • The Bill of Rights was added in 1791.