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Constitutional Convention. Members Principles Agreements and compromises. GPS. SSCG3 The student will demonstrate knowledge of the United States Constitution. a. Explain the main ideas in debate over ratification; include those in The Federalist. Members. 55 delegates White Males

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constitutional convention

Constitutional Convention



Agreements and compromises


SSCG3 The student will demonstrate knowledge of the United States Constitution.

a. Explain the main ideas in debate over ratification; include those in The Federalist.

  • 55 delegates
  • White
  • Males
  • Statesmen, lawyers, planters. bankers, businessmen
  • Most under age 50
  • John Adams- ambassador to England
  • Thomas Jefferson- ambassador to France
  • Patrick Henry- “smelled a rat”
  • Sam Adams- not chosen by state to be part of the delegation
famous members
Famous Members
  • Alexander Hamilton- leader of strong government
  • George Washington- chairman of the convention
  • James Madison- ‘father of the Constitution’
  • Benjamin Franklin- oldest member at 81 was also at the 2nd Continental Congress
agreements and compromises
Agreements and Compromises
  • All agreed that rights to property should be protected.
  • Ben Franklin proposed universal suffrage for all males, but most wanted only those with land to vote
  • Most delegates favored a bicameral legislature
agreements and compromises1
Agreements and Compromises
  • Three-fifths clause
    • favors Southern states
    • All slaves would be counted in the census for representation in the House as 3/5ths
agreements and compromises2
Agreements and Compromises
  • Slave and trade compromise
    • Benefits both North and South
    • Congress could regulate foreign & interstate trade
    • No taxes on exports
    • No interference with the slave trade for 20 years
agreements and compromises3
Agreements and Compromises
  • Electoral College
    • People chosen by the state legislatures
    • Vote for president and vice-president
    • Supposed to reflect the will of the people
agreements and compromises4
Agreements and Compromises
  • Amendment compromise
    • 2/3 vote of each house of Congress and ratified by ¾ of the state legislatures
    • 2/3 vote of both houses and ratified by state conventions of ¾ of the states (used 21st amendment)
agreements and compromises5
Agreements and Compromises
  • Proposed by the national constitutional convention and ratified by ¾ of the specially formed state conventions
  • Proposed by a national constitutional convention requested by 2/3 state legislatures and ratified by ¾ state legislatures (never used)
agreements and compromises6
Agreements and Compromises
  • Informal Amendments- broad language allows for interpretation as things and events change our country
    • Legislature- Commerce clause (art. 1 sec. 8)
      • Legislation dealing with technology not even thought of when the Constitution was written.
agreements and compromises7
Agreements and Compromises
  • Executive –
    • Presidents make executive agreements with other countries.
    • Not a delegated power
    • Do not have to be ratified by the Senate
agreements and compromises8
Agreements and Compromises
  • Judicial-
    • Judicial review- the power of the court to interpret the Constitution
    • Judicial power to determine if a law is unconstitutional
criticism of founders
Criticism of Founders
  • Founders interested in protecting property- their own
  • All agreements based on their own economic welfare
  • Most scholars determine that the criticism is false because the voting did not follow their own interests but those of their state
criticism of constitution
Criticism of Constitution
  • Does not protect the rights of the individual
  • Does not protect states rights
  • Gives a central authority too much power