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Constitutional Convention. Members Principles Agreements and compromises. GPS. SSCG3 The student will demonstrate knowledge of the United States Constitution. a. Explain the main ideas in debate over ratification; include those in The Federalist. Members. 55 delegates White Males

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constitutional convention

Constitutional Convention

Members

Principles

Agreements and compromises

slide2
GPS

SSCG3 The student will demonstrate knowledge of the United States Constitution.

a. Explain the main ideas in debate over ratification; include those in The Federalist.

members
Members
  • 55 delegates
  • White
  • Males
  • Statesmen, lawyers, planters. bankers, businessmen
  • Most under age 50
absent
Absent
  • John Adams- ambassador to England
  • Thomas Jefferson- ambassador to France
  • Patrick Henry- “smelled a rat”
  • Sam Adams- not chosen by state to be part of the delegation
famous members
Famous Members
  • Alexander Hamilton- leader of strong government
  • George Washington- chairman of the convention
  • James Madison- ‘father of the Constitution’
  • Benjamin Franklin- oldest member at 81 was also at the 2nd Continental Congress
agreements and compromises
Agreements and Compromises
  • All agreed that rights to property should be protected.
  • Ben Franklin proposed universal suffrage for all males, but most wanted only those with land to vote
  • Most delegates favored a bicameral legislature
agreements and compromises1
Agreements and Compromises
  • Three-fifths clause
    • favors Southern states
    • All slaves would be counted in the census for representation in the House as 3/5ths
agreements and compromises2
Agreements and Compromises
  • Slave and trade compromise
    • Benefits both North and South
    • Congress could regulate foreign & interstate trade
    • No taxes on exports
    • No interference with the slave trade for 20 years
agreements and compromises3
Agreements and Compromises
  • Electoral College
    • People chosen by the state legislatures
    • Vote for president and vice-president
    • Supposed to reflect the will of the people
agreements and compromises4
Agreements and Compromises
  • Amendment compromise
    • 2/3 vote of each house of Congress and ratified by ¾ of the state legislatures
    • 2/3 vote of both houses and ratified by state conventions of ¾ of the states (used 21st amendment)
agreements and compromises5
Agreements and Compromises
  • Proposed by the national constitutional convention and ratified by ¾ of the specially formed state conventions
  • Proposed by a national constitutional convention requested by 2/3 state legislatures and ratified by ¾ state legislatures (never used)
agreements and compromises6
Agreements and Compromises
  • Informal Amendments- broad language allows for interpretation as things and events change our country
    • Legislature- Commerce clause (art. 1 sec. 8)
      • Legislation dealing with technology not even thought of when the Constitution was written.
agreements and compromises7
Agreements and Compromises
  • Executive –
    • Presidents make executive agreements with other countries.
    • Not a delegated power
    • Do not have to be ratified by the Senate
agreements and compromises8
Agreements and Compromises
  • Judicial-
    • Judicial review- the power of the court to interpret the Constitution
    • Judicial power to determine if a law is unconstitutional
criticism of founders
Criticism of Founders
  • Founders interested in protecting property- their own
  • All agreements based on their own economic welfare
  • Most scholars determine that the criticism is false because the voting did not follow their own interests but those of their state
criticism of constitution
Criticism of Constitution
  • Does not protect the rights of the individual
  • Does not protect states rights
  • Gives a central authority too much power