MEET THE MASTERS WOODRUFF AND CURRIER & IVES
Hale Woodruff was born on August 26, 1900, in Illinois. He was an African-American artist known for his murals, paintings, and prints. He sought to express his sense of heritage in abstract painting. With Powerful Murals, Hale Woodruff Paved The Way For African-American Artists
HALE WOODRUFF developed his painterly skills and crafted his story-telling abilities, which included travels to France and Mexico. HALE WOODRUFF, even as a young artist, had a social consciousness and painted with those concerns in mind being a minority in a country that restricted his social and political rights.
Woodruff applied his understanding of Post-Impressionism and Cubism to painting for social advocacy after his return to the United States in 1936, during the Great Depression.
He contributed to the development of African American art as an artist and a distinguished art educator. Woodruff joined the faculty of Atlanta University in 1931. It was his initial venture with art instruction which made him one of the first college professors of art in the state of Georgia.
He was a leading artist of the Harlem Renaissance in New York City and in 1967 The New York University Alumni Association named him “Teacher of the Year” He died September, 1980 in New York City. They say His art work represented his heritage.
Currier and Ives was a successful American printmaking firm Owned by NATHANIEL CURRIER JAMES MERRITT IVES based in New York City from 1834 to 1907.
The firm produced prints from paintings by fine artists as black and white lithographs (an authorized copy of an original work ) created by the Artist himself that were hand colored. Lithographic prints could be reproduced quickly and purchased inexpensively, and the firm called itself "the Grand Central Depot for Cheap and Popular Prints"
Currier and Ives was the most successful company of lithographers in the U.S. It represented every phase of American life, including the themes of hunting, fishing, whaling, city life, rural, historical scenes, railroads, politics, comedy, gold mining and portraits of real life. From 1866 on,the firm occupied three floors in a building at 33 Spruce Street in New York.
Currier died in 1888. Ives remained active in the firm until his death in 1895. Both Currier's and Ives's sons followed their fathers in the business, which was eventually liquidated in 1907. The public demand for lithographs had gradually diminished because of improvements in printing.
Showing Movement in Art • In Woodruff’s painting “Poor Man’s Cotton” • You can see how hard they are working by their positions and actions. • Bright colors and broad free brush stokes help show the movement of the workers. • In Whale Fishery in Currier and Ives lithograph • the men are hunting whale for their oil. –used to light lamps • You see the movement of the boats in the water and the water from the spout of the dying whale.