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Using E-Learning and Multimedia to Develop Technical Skills George Siemens Stephen Yurkiw Setting the Scene… Drivers of change New environment Need to implement new approaches to meet needs Integrating vocational and technology Terms Vocational Education Skill-based learning Elearning

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Presentation Transcript
setting the scene
Setting the Scene…
  • Drivers of change
  • New environment
  • Need to implement new approaches to meet needs
  • Integrating vocational and technology
terms
Terms
  • Vocational Education
    • Skill-based learning
  • Elearning
    • Technology-enabled learning
  • Vocational E-Learning
    • Skill-based Technology-enabled learning
goals of education
Goals of Education
  • Acquire tools for survival
  • Discover meaning
  • Learning to learn
  • More humane communities
  • Role in social reform/reconstruction
  • Not only to equip to contend with reform, but to initiate
  • Secure democracy

Jerold Apps, Dewey, Lindeman, Bergevin

goals of vocational education
Goals of Vocational Education
  • To prepare for gainful employment
  • Must be close to real world
  • Instructor must be successful practitioner
  • Curriculum must reflect content of occupation
  • Create skill set and attitudes needed to succeed in a particular field
change in teacher s role
Change in “Teacher’s” Role
  • Due to focus of individual, social objectives and furthering of technical field, teacher is partner with learner
  • Teacher is helper, facilitator, guide, encourager
  • Student is not object of teaching, but focus of learning

Bergevin, Lindeman

learning ecology what do learners need to learn
Learning EcologyWhat do learners need to learn?
  • Content – text, videos, interactive activities, animations, etc.
  • Forums to connect with learners (i.e. replicate real life in career)
  • Mentorship – apprentice, instructor/chef
  • Access – education outside of a physical location
  • Flexibility – education that accounts for life
reducing irrelevant learning
Reducing Irrelevant Learning
  • Technical students have varying background and skills
  • ALL are at different points
  • Education needs to permit entry and access based on skill/experience
  • Requires complete system change, but the process can be mimicked online – i.e. student controls pace
stages of knowing
Stages of Knowing
  • Linking – association between concepts/knowledge
  • Reproducing – copying something as taught
  • Interpreting – using existing knowledge to recognize needs and guide actions/decisions in new situation
  • Applying – applying existing knowledge/skills to solve new problems

Adapted from Broudy, Smith, Burnett

how can technology meet vocational education goals
How Can Technology Meet Vocational Education Goals?
  • Technology as a supplement, not replacement
  • Tech improves access & flexibility
  • Tech can communicate skills & theories
  • Tech – better “quality” assurance
  • F2F needed to develop social/industry awareness
elearning overview
Elearning Overview
  • History
  • Drivers
  • Why is it changing learning?
  • How is it changing learning?
  • Scope and size
combining technology classroom
CombiningTechnology & Classroom
  • Blended
  • Saves instruction time
  • Increases learning efficiency
  • Anxiety and intimidation in regular classroom minimized
  • Practice to proficiency
  • Variable learning rates
tools technologies
Tools & Technologies
  • Streaming
  • Video
  • Audio – audio blogging, pronunciation, VoIP
  • Internet – LMS, blogging, “simple starts”, email, discussions
  • Software – development, delivery, collaborate
  • Simulations
examples
Examples
  • Dining Room Skills
  • Culinary Arts
  • Menu
  • Online Course
our experiences
Our Experiences
  • Culinary Arts
  • Hotel and Restaurant Administration
  • Teaching right way upfront
  • Unlimited repetitive feedback
results
Results
  • Success indicators – no quantitative data yet
  • Initial anecdotal feedback
    • Better learning
    • Marks same as with traditional classes
  • Instructor Observations
  • Student Feedback
student experiences
Student Experiences
  • Student comments
    • Engaging
    • Fun way to learn
    • “I can learn when I want” - Flexibility
    • “I’m in control”
    • No instructor physically present – disorienting to some students
implications
Implications
  • Technology as a tool
  • Elearning meets needs of technical education – access, flexibility, quality
  • Theory, skills, relationships, mentorship – can all be taught/enhanced via elearning
what is still needed
What is still needed
  • Administration support
  • Model for elearning development – skill based industry (plumbing etc.)
  • Tech advances – ability to stream confidently
  • Training instructors how to develop and use technology in teaching
conclusions
Conclusions
  • Change drivers are significant
  • New student/industry needs require new approaches
  • Continued vocational e-learning can:
    • Expand the field
    • Improve education
    • Result in higher student satisfaction
    • Greater organizational quality control