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FICCI-DMI Interactive Workshop 11-12 Dec, 2008 Ahmedabad G. D. Rath, Multi Disciplinary Centre on Safety, Health & Env

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STRENGTHENING HIRA in INDIAN SYSTEM. FICCI-DMI Interactive Workshop 11-12 Dec, 2008 Ahmedabad G. D. Rath, Multi Disciplinary Centre on Safety, Health & Environment Bhubaneswar . Improvement aspects of HIRA in the Indian System. A part of advanced Safety Management

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FICCI-DMI Interactive Workshop

11-12 Dec, 2008


G. D. Rath,

Multi Disciplinary Centre on

Safety, Health & Environment


Improvement aspects of HIRA in the Indian System
  • A part of advanced Safety Management
  • Covers all near miss accidents and
  • All major damages to equipments
Interaction with the employees by the Shift I/C, Section I/C on:
  • Safety policy of the organisation
  • Unsafe conditions and acts
  • Control of hazards & use of PPEs
  • Important Dos & Don'ts from
  • SOPs (Standard Operating Practices) & SMPs (Standard Maintenance Practices)
  • SOPs & SMPs are to be reviewed periodically.
Safety Policy to be widely publicized and displayed at prominent places.
  • Continuous Improvement Action Plan (CIAP) to be formulated with time frame and responsibility.
  • Periodic site visit in a scheduled manner to be conducted.
Safety responsibility of senior management officials to be clearly defined, specially with respect to :
  • i) Use of PPEs
  • ii) Maintaining good house keeping and cleanliness.
  • The employee involvement in programme formulation and their implementation should be enhanced through the Departmental Safety Committee.
The departments should develop activities like hazard identification, risk level assessment & control. Also include risk prioritisation.
  • Concerned employees to be trained on HIRA
  • Hazard Identification to be made
  • Assess risk level of potential hazards & suggest measures to mitigate
Risk Assessment to be done for physical hazard through structured inspections. Assess the risk level with proper documentation.
  • Written schedules for area wise frequency of inspection are to be enforced:
  • Checklist and schedules to be drawn
  • Carryout inspection as per schedule
  • Monitor Implementation
Establish procedure for reporting near-miss, dangerous occurrences and major equipment damages.
  • All such cases to be recorded in a register and reviewed in the concerned departments periodically and report to the SED (Safety Engineering Dept.) for further action at their end.
After the Maintenance Activities, the site should be cleared off refuse, waste and scarp materials before clearing the shut down.
  • People should not be allowed to work in loose clothing in the vicinity of moving machines.
Daily Inspection should be done as per checklist drawn, document the defects and take up with the concerned department (Maintenance Management) for rectification.
  • Document the defect in the history books
  • Caution boards to be displayed
  • Blind corners developed due to growth of trees, temporary sheds etc. should be cleaned up.

Dept:_____________Section: Electrical

Date of Inspection: ____________________

Time: _______________________________

Equipment / Area: ____________________

Inspected by : _______________________




Safety in Electrical Work areas to be ensured, monitored and documented.
  • Unwanted / abandoned electrical equipments to be identified and removed.
  • All loose electrical wirings should be dressed properly.
  • Proper shut-down procedures to be followed.
  • Panel boxes to be inspected and kept in closed conditions.
Radiation hazard sources to be identified, risk assessment to be done and appropriate safety measures to be taken.
  • Areas to be demarcated and caution boards to be displayed.
  • Use of proper PPEs to be ensured.
Ensure use of appropriate PPEs for Thermal Hazard.
  • Joint Inspection should be conducted by the concerned department and SED at least once in three months.
  • This should form a part of Annual Action Plan of the dept. / SED to assess any additional requirement.
The Emergency Control Measures to be clearly defined.
  • Define the plan for evacuation of people from the affected areas.
  • Such areas to be prominently placarded for their easy identification.
  • Organise regular training for handling of emergency situation.

Organise training for all employees including the sectional in-charges on safety management, accident prevention and investigation and industrial hygiene .

  • Training Module to be developed and training to be imparted.
  • Concerned employees to be trained in relevant programmes from time to time.
  • In all skill enhancement training programme, a session on Safety should be included.
  • Training to be conducted every month.
  • 20% of employees to be covered every year.
Conduct First Aid Training regularly for all employees.
  • First Aid Box along with list of content (As per Factory Act-1948) to be provided to all shift I/C / Officers / Control Rooms.
  • The key of the First Aid Box to be available with the identified persons / locations.
  • First Aid Boxes to be kept in shift offices
  • List of trained First Aiders to be displayed
  • Training on Occupational Hygiene Hazards (dust, noise, illumination, ventilations, cleanliness etc.) should be organised.
Joint Participation on Safety Management

The employees involvement in programme formulation and their implementation should be enhanced through Departmental Safety Committee.

  • Joint Committee on safety is a statutory requirement.
Risk control Measures to be monitored and cost of risk control should be calculated and documented on case to case basis.
Formal procedures to be developed for purchase and commissioning of new equipment and for major / minor changes in existing system.
  • Hazard analysis to be done for new equipment and process changes.
  • Safety requirements should be clearly spelt out in technical specification at the time of Tender Inquiry.
  • Safety requirement to be specified at tender inquiry stage.
Study existing operators cabin and office conditions.
  • To identify and assess the physical risk and ratify where-ever necessary.
  • Survey of strenuous activities in operation and maintenance to be conducted along with OHS Physicians and control measures to be taken.
  • Health check up of all employees are to be covered within a time frame.
  • Training programme on material handling / ergonomics are to be conducted.
Wherever machine guards are missing, they should be placed back in position.
  • House keeping standard to be monitored through regular inspection.
  • Ensure periodic removal of all wastes / redundant materials.
  • Thermal Hazard to be identified with OHSC and preventive measures to be suggested and implemented.
  • Tools & Tackles inspection to be done as per schedule and appropriate action to be taken.
Fix responsibility and review compliances.
  • Safety responsibility assigned to the executives should be taken into consideration at the time of performance appraisal.
  • Responsibility to be fixed
  • Compliances to be reviewed.
  • Information Resource Centre (Library) to be developed
  • Booklets, journals, periodicals and other safety materials to be procured and kept in the library for use by the employees.
  • Separate budgetary provision for Safety Activities for all departments to be made.
  • Budget for awareness programmes to be ensured.
  • Schedule of safety programmes - yearly basis to be prepared by the SED.
  • Safety procedures to be reviewed and updated.
Emergency Control Measures should be periodically checked for its effectiveness through Mock Drill.
  • Training of identified persons for Emergency handling should be organised periodically.
  • External Safety Audits of Major Accident Hazard Units / Establishments should be conducted, at least one in every two years.
A system should be developed to assess contractor’s capabilities for Safety and Health at the time of awarding contract.
  • Introduce a system to review the compliance of statutory requirement on the part of contractor on regular basis. Prepare a check list, take immediate action for non-compliance. The check list should include:
  • Valid photo passes
  • Use of standard PPEs
  • Maintaining statutory records
  • Tools and tackles - healthy working condition
  • Right man on the right job
Assess the different Pollution Control Equipments jointly with the Environment Management Department and make functional if needed.

1. The Indian Electricity Act-1910(Amended in 2003):

-The Indian Electricity Rules-1956

2. The Indian Boilers Act-1923 :

-The Indian Boilers Regulations-1950

3. The Factories Act-1948 (Amended in 1987):

-Orissa Factories Rules

4. The Mines Act-1952: -The Mines Rules, 1955

-The Coal Mines Regulations, 1957

-The Metalliferous Mines Regulations, 1961

-The Mines Vocational Rules,1966

-The Mines Rescue Rules,1985

-The Mines Creche Rules, 1966

5. Motor Transport Workers Act-1961:

-Motor Transport Workers Rules-1964

6. The Insecticides Act-1968:

-The Insecticides Rules-1971

-The Insecticides Rules-1971

7. The Indian Explosive Act-1884:

-The Indian Explosive Rules, 1983

-The Static and Mobile Pressure Vessels (Unified) Rules, 1981

-The Gas Cylinders Rules, 1981

8. The Environment (Protection) Act- 1986:

-The Environment Protection Rules,1986

-Manufacture, Storage and Import of Hazardous Chemicals Rules,1989

-Hazardous Waste (Management and Handling) Rules, 1989

-Environmental Clearance of Project Notification, 1994

9. Motor Vehicles Act-1968:

-Motor Vehicles (Central) Rules-1989

10. The Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act-1974

11. The Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Cess Act-1977

12. The Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act-1981

13. The Dangerous Machines (Regulations) Act-1983

14. The Public Liability Insurance Act-1991

15. Building and Other Construction Workers Act-1996