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Chapter 4 Account-based Security Objectives Discuss how to develop account naming and security policies Explain and configure user accounts Discuss and configure account policies and logon security techniques Discuss and implement global access privileges

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chapter 4

Chapter 4

Account-based Security

objectives
Objectives
  • Discuss how to develop account naming and security policies
  • Explain and configure user accounts
  • Discuss and configure account policies and logon security techniques
  • Discuss and implement global access privileges
  • Use group policies and security templates in Windows 2000 Server and Windows Server 2003

Guide to Operating System Security

account naming
Account Naming
  • Provides orderly access to server and network resources
  • Enables administrators to monitor security:
    • Which users are accessing the server
    • What resources they are using
  • Establish conventions for account names
    • User’s actual name
    • User’s function

Guide to Operating System Security

security policies
Security Policies
  • Apply to all accounts or to all accounts in a particular directory service container
  • Affected elements:
    • Password security
      • Expiration period
      • Minimum length
      • Password recollection
    • Account lockout
    • Authentication method

Guide to Operating System Security

creating user accounts in windows 2000 professional
Creating User Accounts in Windows 2000 Professional
  • Typically installed with:
    • Administrator account
    • Guest account
  • To create and manage user accounts:
    • Start – Settings – Control Panel – Users and Passwords, or
    • Right-click My Computer – Manage – Local Users and Groups – Users

Guide to Operating System Security

creating user accounts in windows xp professional
Creating User Accounts in Windows XP Professional
  • Installed with:
    • Account that usually consists of user’s name
    • Administrator account
    • Guest account
    • HelpAssistant account for remote desktop help
    • Support accounts for Microsoft and computer manufacturer
  • To create and manage user accounts:
    • Start – Control Panel – User Accounts, or
    • Right-click My Computer – Manage – Local Users and Groups – Users

Guide to Operating System Security

managing user accounts in windows xp professional
Managing User Accounts in Windows XP Professional

Guide to Operating System Security

creating user accounts in windows 2000 server server 2003
Creating User Accounts in Windows 2000 Server/Server 2003
  • Installed with:
    • Administrator account
    • Guest account
    • Other accounts, depending on services installed on server
  • Create new accounts by entering account information and password controls
    • Local user account on a server that is not part of a domain
    • Account in the Active Directory

Guide to Operating System Security

managing user accounts in windows 2000 server
Managing User Accounts in Windows 2000 Server

Guide to Operating System Security

creating a new user
Creating a New User
  • Complete name, user logon name, password, and password confirmation information
    • User must change password at next logon
    • User cannot change password
    • Password never expires
    • Account is disabled
  • Further configure associated properties

Guide to Operating System Security

account properties in windows server 2003
General tab

Address tab

Account tab

Profile tab

Telephones tab

Organization tab

Member Of

Dial-in

Environment

Sessions

Remote Control

Terminal Services Profile

COM+ tab

Account Properties in Windows Server 2003

Guide to Operating System Security

account properties in windows server 200312
Account Properties in Windows Server 2003

Guide to Operating System Security

account tab
Account Tab

Guide to Operating System Security

creating user accounts in red hat linux 9 x
Creating User Accounts inRed Hat Linux 9.x
  • Each user account is associated with a user identification number (UID)
  • Assign users with common access needs to a group via a group identification number (GID)

Guide to Operating System Security

contents of linux password file etc passwd
Contents of Linux Password File (/etc/passwd)
  • Username
  • Encrypted password or reference to shadow file
  • UID and GID
  • Information about the user
  • Location of user’s home directory
  • Command that is executed as user logs on

Guide to Operating System Security

linux shadow file etc shadow
Linux Shadow File (/etc/shadow)
  • Available only to system administrator
  • Contains password restriction information
    • Minimum/maximum number of days between password changes
    • When password was last changed
    • When password will expire
    • Amount of time account can be inactive before access is prohibited

Guide to Operating System Security

creating user accounts and groups in linux
Creating User Accounts and Groups in Linux
  • Use command-line commands
    • Create new user with useradd
    • Modify parameters with usermod
    • Delete accounts with userdel
  • Use Red Hat User Manger from GNOME desktop

Guide to Operating System Security

creating accounts with the command line
Creating Accounts with the Command Line

Guide to Operating System Security

creating accounts with red hat user manager
Creating Accounts with Red Hat User Manager

Guide to Operating System Security

creating user accounts in netware 6 x
Creating User Accounts in NetWare 6.x
  • Use ConsoleOne tool

Guide to Operating System Security

creating user accounts in mac os x continued
Creating User Accounts inMac OS X (Continued)
  • Choose Accounts icon in System Preferences window
    • Name of account holder
    • Short name for logging on
    • Password
    • Password hint

Guide to Operating System Security

creating user accounts in mac os x continued22
Creating User Accounts inMac OS X (Continued)
  • Tools that enable server management (Mac OS X Server)
    • Server Admin
    • Macintosh Manager

Guide to Operating System Security

accounts option in mac os x
Accounts Option in Mac OS X

Guide to Operating System Security

mac os x logon options
Mac OS X Logon Options
  • Automatically log on to specific account when computer is booted
  • Log on by viewing a name and password box, or by seeing a list of user accounts
  • Hide Restart and Shut Down buttons
  • Show password hint after three unsuccessful logon attempts

Guide to Operating System Security

mac os x server
Mac OS X Server
  • Tools
    • Server Admin
    • MacIntosh Manager

Guide to Operating System Security

setting account policies and configuring logon security
Setting Account Policies and Configuring Logon Security
  • Place restrictions on passwords
  • Automatically lock out accounts after a specified number of unsuccessful logon attempts

Guide to Operating System Security

guidelines for building strong passwords
Guidelines for Building Strong Passwords

Guide to Operating System Security

using account policies in windows server 2000 server 2003
Using Account Policies in Windows Server 2000/Server 2003
  • Set up as part of group policy that applies to all accounts in an Active Directory container
  • Can also be configured for a local computer
  • Account policy options affect:
    • Password security
    • Account lockout

Guide to Operating System Security

password security options in windows server 2000 server 2003
Password Security Options in Windows Server 2000/Server 2003
  • Enforce password history
  • Maximum password age
  • Minimum password age
  • Minimum password length
  • Password(s) must meet complexity requirements
  • Store password using reversible encryption

Guide to Operating System Security

account lockout options in windows server 2000 server 2003
Account Lockout Options in Windows Server 2000/Server 2003
  • Account lockout duration
  • Account lockout threshold
  • Reset account lockout container after

Guide to Operating System Security

account security options in red hat linux 9 x
Account Security Options in Red Hat Linux 9.x
  • No formal account security policies
  • Enables configuration of security options associated with individual accounts (using Red Hat User Manager)
  • Stores security information in shadow file (/etc/shadow) as properties associated with accounts

Guide to Operating System Security

account password configuration options in red hat linux
Account Password Configuration Options in Red Hat Linux
  • Setting an account to expire on a particular date
  • Locking a user account
  • Expiration of account passwords so that users have to reset them

Guide to Operating System Security

red hat linux account password configuration

9.x

Red Hat Linux Account Password Configuration

Guide to Operating System Security

using account templates in netware 6 x
Using Account Templates in NetWare 6.x
  • Configure through user templates before accounts are created
  • Use ConsoleOne utility to create user templates

Guide to Operating System Security

establishing account properties with user template netware 6 x continued
Establishing Account Properties with User Template (NetWare 6.x) (Continued)
  • Home directory location and access rights to that directory
  • Requirement for a password
  • Minimum password length
  • Requirement that password be changed within specified interval of time
  • Grace period that limits number of times user can log in after password has expired

Guide to Operating System Security

establishing account properties with user template netware 6 x
Establishing Account Properties with User Template (NetWare 6.x)
  • Requirement that a new password be used each time the old one is changed
  • Time restrictions
  • Intruder detection capabilities
  • Limit on number of simultaneous connections
  • Workstation logon restrictions

Guide to Operating System Security

intruder detection in netware 6 x
Intruder Detection inNetWare 6.x

Guide to Operating System Security

using global access privileges
Using Global Access Privileges
  • Windows 2000 Server/Server 2003
    • User rights govern user and administrative functions
  • NetWare 6.x
    • Uses access rights, applied in a different way, for more fine-tuned access functions
    • Role-based security establishes administrative roles for managing a server

Guide to Operating System Security

windows server 2000 server 2003 user rights continued
Windows Server 2000/Server 2003 User Rights (Continued)
  • Enable account or group to perform predefined tasks
    • Basic rights: access a server
    • Advanced: create accounts and manage server functions
  • Can be assigned to user accounts or to groups
    • Groups are more efficient (inherited rights)

Guide to Operating System Security

windows server 2000 server 2003 user rights continued40
Windows Server 2000/Server 2003 User Rights (Continued)
  • Give server administrative security controls over who can access server and Active Directory resources
  • Two categories
    • Privileges
      • Manage server or Active Directory functions
    • Logon rights
      • Access accounts, computers, and services

Guide to Operating System Security

windows server 2000 server 2003 logon rights
Windows Server 2000/Server 2003 Logon Rights

Guide to Operating System Security

role based security in netware 6 x
Role-based Security inNetWare 6.x
  • Allocated according to administrative roles (managing tasks or network services)
    • DHCP Management
    • DNS Management
    • eDirectory
    • iPrint Management
    • License Management

Guide to Operating System Security

using group policies in windows server 2000 server 2003
Using Group Policies in Windows Server 2000/Server 2003
  • Enables standardization by setting policies in Active Directory or on local computer (eg, account policies, user rights, IPSec policies)
  • Evolved from Windows NT Server 4.0 concept of system policy
    • Use Poledit.exe to configure basic user account and computer parameters (domain-wide or specific)

Guide to Operating System Security

differences between system policy and group policy
Differences Between System Policy and Group Policy

Guide to Operating System Security

defining characteristics of group policy
Defining Characteristics of Group Policy
  • Can be set for a site, domain, OU, or local computer
  • Stored in group policy objects
  • Local and nonlocal GPOs

Guide to Operating System Security

configuring client security using policies
Configuring Client Security Using Policies
  • Advantages to customizing settings used by clients
    • Improved security
    • Consistent working environment
  • Customize settings by configuring policies on Windows 2000/2003 servers that clients access
    • When client logs on, policies are applied

Guide to Operating System Security

manually configuring policies for clients
Manually Configuring Policies for Clients
  • Use either:
    • Group Policy Snap-in (Windows 2000 Server)
    • Group Policy Object Editor Snap-in (Windows Server 2003)
  • Use Administrative Templates object under User Configuration in a group policy object to customize desktop settings for client computers

Guide to Operating System Security

manually configuring policies for clients51
Manually Configuring Policies for Clients

Guide to Operating System Security

configuring administrative templates
Configuring Administrative Templates

Guide to Operating System Security

automated configuration of administrative templates
Automated Configuration of Administrative Templates

Guide to Operating System Security

configuring administrative templates54
Configuring Administrative Templates

Guide to Operating System Security

configuring additional security options
Configuring Additional Security Options
  • Fine-tune security on a server by configuring security options within local policies in a GPO
  • Enables you to configure group policy security for special needs

Guide to Operating System Security

configuring additional security options56
Configuring Additional Security Options

Guide to Operating System Security

slide57

Group Policy Security Options

Guide to Operating System Security

configuring additional security options58
Configuring Additional Security Options

Guide to Operating System Security

summary
Summary
  • Considerations when creating formal policies about account naming and security
  • How to set up accounts in different operating systems
  • How to configure those accounts to implement an organization’s policies
  • User rights and role-based security
  • How to work with group policies and security templates

Guide to Operating System Security