Republic of India’s Prime Minister, Manmohan Singh - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Republic of India’s Prime Minister, Manmohan Singh
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Republic of India’s Prime Minister, Manmohan Singh

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  1. Republic of India’sPrime Minister, Manmohan Singh Debbie HinelyJune 1, 2010BUSM 520Dr. Michael McDermott

  2. Why Prime Minister & Not President? • Role of President is merely for ceremonial purposes • The real power is with the Prime Minister who has a cabinet of ministers beneath him • The President appoints Prime Minister • Prime Minister nominates who he/she wants on the cabinet • then the President appoints them

  3. USA vs India

  4. Manmohan Singh

  5. Manmohan Singh Biography

  6. Notable Successes • 1st Finance Minister in India • Brought economic reforms to India in 1991 • Ended the Licence Raj system • Opened foreign investment & introduced competition • Increased the Indian Federal Reserve • Federal Reserve in 1991 barely $1B, now $283B • 2010 Time magazine listed Singh as 100 Most Influential People in the World

  7. Controversies • Parliamentary investigation report criticized Dr. Singh’s ministry for not being able to check & anticipate a $1.8B securities scandal • Offered his resignation as Finance Minister but then PM, PV NarasimhaRao refused & promised to punish individuals listed in report

  8. Foreign Policy • USA • Civilian nuclear agreement • India’s largest trading partner • Pakistan • Reduced terrorism • China • End border dispute • Reopening of Nathula Pass (2006) after being closed for more than four decades • 2nd largest trade partner of India • Afghanistan • Development of more schools, health clinics, infrastructure & defense • Russia • Signed various agreements to increase defense, nuclear energy & space cooperation • Israel • Trying to become India’s defense partner

  9. Domestic Policy • Revoked Prevention of Terrorists Act (POTA) • Criticized for bombings in Mumbai, Bangalore, Hyderabad, Ahmedabad, Delhi, etc • Blamed for almost 50% of population living in poverty • “Executive Delinquency & Dysfunctional Governance” • Incompetent in building political consensus within his party • His directives are not carried out • Never won a parliamentary election

  10. Emotional Intelligence

  11. Strengths & Weaknesses Level 2 – Domestic Level 4 – Foreign

  12. Dr Singh’s Leadership Style

  13. US-Indo Relationship • Extensive cultural, strategic, military & economic relationship • Improved under Presidents George W Bush & Bill Clinton • Declining under President Barak Obama • India believes there’s an air of ambivalence blowing their way from Washington • India believes US pulling out of Afghanistan will require more dependence on China at India’s expense • Hillary Clinton scratched India off her itinerary when she visited Asia • Foreign Policy magazine reported previous administration recommended India as a “key stop” • Obama administration’s official foreign policy agenda didn’t even mention India • Obama held his first state dinner at White House in honor of Dr. Singh • If India ever has a war with China or Pakistan, there’s doubt the USA would promise to come to their defense • India fearful of China takeover • Obama wants to improve relations w/China, making India hesitant in pursuing development of US-Indo relationship • Investments in each other’s country

  14. Recommendations • US allows easier trading between countries to promote more investments • More jobs & prosperity for both countries • Reduce protectionism in the US • Reduce tariffs & taxes • Conduct meetings between China & India to help their relation • Pledge support of India if China were to attack India, US would support India • Create a new joint project for US & India • Cyber terrorism • Share technological advances in protection of government, business and personal computer information & the tracing of terrorists • Work on creating peace agreements with neighboring countries • Provide support when terrorist attacks happen on Indian soil

  15. Resources • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Manmohan_Singh • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Manmohan_Singh • http://mubasshir.blogspot.com/2009/04/diagnosing-dr-manmohan-singh.html • http://offstumped.wordpress.com/2009/03/25/india-elections-2009-hard-look-at-manmohan-singhs-leadership/ • http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2010/02/11/AR2010021103270_pf.html • http://www.fnbnews.com/article/detnews.asp?articleid=27639&sectionid=39