WILDFIRE Chip Cipoletti, Bella Farrell, Paige Forbes, Jenna Hartley
Testable Question:Sedimentation Restoration Dependent on Slope: which material or method reduces flooding the most effectively immediately after a destructive wildfire?
Hypothesis If the proposed methods: • Basins • Flood gates • Mulching/pine needles • Planting • Culverts • Seals of flooding prevention are investigated, then the construction of basins will be the most effective , because of their ability to completely cut off the flow of water.
Proposed Investigation Independent Variable: method of flood prevention Dependent Variable: reduction damage caused by flooding Controlled Variables: location/ecosystem, time frame, units of measurement, duration of flooding, amount of water, temperature/weather, slope of hill (model)
Method • Model constructed replicating the aftermath of the wildfire • Allows for each method to be applied and tested • Each method will be tested by imitating the effects of flooding on the burned areas • At the end of each test the final amount of water and sediment washed off the slope will be collected and measured • The method with the least amount of water and sediment left will be deemed the most effective
Bibliography • Burn area flood prevention act of 2011. (2011, March 3). Retrieved February 28, 2014, from http://beta.congress.gov/bill/112th-congress/senate-bill/487 • Clark, S. (2013, August 18). Partners seek to reduce post waldo canyon fire flooding. Retrieved February 28, 2014, from http://www.csfreshink.com/profiles/blogs/partners-seek-to-reduce-post-waldo-canyon-fire-flash-floods • Flood control. (n.d.). Retrieved February 28, 2014, from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Flood_control • Waldo canyon burn scar. (n.d.). Retrieved February 28, 2014, from http://www.rmfi.org/projects/waldo-canyon-burn-scar • Waldo canyon fire. (2014, March 7). Retrieved February 28, 2014, from Colorado Springs Independent website: http://www.csindy.com/coloradosprings/why-flooding-off-the-waldo-canyon-burn-scar-will-be- • Wells, G. (2013, August 16). Money ok'd for new culvert on U.S. 24 to minimize flash flooding. Retrieved February 28, 2014, from http://gazette.com/money-okd-for-new-culvert-on-u.s.-24-to-minimize-flash-flooding/article/1504939