Electrical Safety OrientationLockout/Tagout(LOTO)and Electrical Safety In The Workplace FN000387/CR
Objectives • Introduce the concept of LOTO • Introduce LOTO terminology • Recognize LOTO locks and tags • Recognize types of hazardous energy • Introduce Configuration Control concept • Understand Configuration Control vs LOTO
Objectives • Be familiar with the magnitude and hazards of electrical energy • Be able to recognize the protective equipment used by electrical workers • Understand the electrical safety boundaries • Learn safe practices
Electrical Pressurized water or Fluids Electronic or computerized equipment Mechanical Equipment Radiation Gravity Temperature- Hot/Cold Hydraulic Energy Steam Energy Pneumatic Energy Spring Loaded Hazardous Energy Sources Lockout/Tagout
Lockout/Tagout An affected employee is one whose work: • Requires the operation or use of a machine or equipment on which service or maintenance is being performed under lockout/tagout. • Requires him/her to work in an area in which such service or maintenance is being performed. • Is interrupted or otherwise affected by the LOTO. Affected employees are to be informed of LOTO activity in their area
Lockout/Tagout • As an affected employee you must: • Respect the locks/tags of others • Understand that disciplinary actions may be taken for non-compliance and/or disregard of the LOTO policies • Be aware of and understand the LOTO policy at Fermilab. Without additional training you are authorized to perform any LOTO activity NOT
Lockout/Tagout Red Danger Tags: • May be seen in situations where equipment cannot be physically locked out. • Has the same impact as a lock. Lock Tag
Lockout/Tagout Caution tags:Yellow • Configuration Control tags • Used to signify operational restrictions for equipment and other systems. • No personnel hazard or exposure if these tags are violated.
Electrical Safety In The Workplace(For the unqualified Worker) NFPA-70E (2004)
Hazards of Electricity Electrocution Shock Burns Arc Blast Arc Flash
How Do We Protect Ourselves? • Recognize when energized electrical work is ongoing. • Barriers • Warning Tape • Safety observer (verbal warnings) • Signs • Obey all barriers and warning signs.
Safe Practices • Inspect any electrical cord for frayed conductors and missing grounding pins. • Before plugging equipment to a GFCI make sure you test the receptacle. • No daisy chaining of cords.
Safe Practices • Damp areas and electrical equipment don’t mix. • Do not handle electrical equipment with wet hands.
Safe Distances-Transmission Lines • There are overhead transmission lines in the Village • Keep yourself and any equipment at least 10 feet away
Summary • Discussed the concept of LOTO and definitions • Described the LOTO equipment and how it is used • The various types of energy and the consequences when electrical energy is present • How to recognize electrical work activities • Safe Practices of working with electrical equipment