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1-24 Vs. Judah and Jerusalem 25-32 Oracles against foreign nations, especially Egypt 33-48 Words of Hope. 3:22-27 Prophet unable to speak 24:26-27 When Jerusalem falls, your mouth will be opened 33:21-32 City falls; Ezekiel speaks. Ezekiel Outline.

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Ezekiel outline l.jpg

1-24 Vs. Judah and Jerusalem

25-32 Oracles against foreign nations, especially Egypt

33-48 Words of Hope

3:22-27 Prophet unable to speak

24:26-27 When Jerusalem falls, your mouth will be opened

33:21-32 City falls; Ezekiel speaks

Ezekiel Outline


Tensions with the torah l.jpg

Lev 21:13-14 The (high) priest may only marry a virgin. A widow or a divorced woman, or a raped woman, or a prostitute--these the (high) priest shall not marry

Ezek 44:22 The priests (in general) shall not marry a widow, or a divorced woman, but only a virgin of the stock of the house of Israel, or a widow who is the widow of a priest.

Tensions with the Torah


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The Dates in the book of Ezekiel widow or a divorced woman, or a raped woman, or a prostitute--these the (high) priest shall not marry

  • 593-571 Ezekiel’s Ministry

    • Jeremiah (626-580s) Second Isaiah (547-540)

  • 26:1 (587/586) vs. 29:17 (571)

    • So I didn’t give you Tyre...

    • O thou who changest too abide with me!

  • 593 call--cf. Jeremiah 28

  • 8 dates in the years 588-586

  • 8 dates in oracles against the nations

  • 40:1 25th year--halfway to the new day!


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Characteristic themes in Ezekiel widow or a divorced woman, or a raped woman, or a prostitute--these the (high) priest shall not marry

  • So that you may know that I am Yahweh

    • used with words of judgment against land (7:2-4)

    • used with oracles against foreign nations (25:3-5)

    • used with words of salvation (37:6, 13-14

  • The faithfulness and freedom of Yahweh


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The Prophet’s Call (1) widow or a divorced woman, or a raped woman, or a prostitute--these the (high) priest shall not marry

  • God’s presence

    • came from “north”

    • eyes on wheels

    • winged animals (cherubim)

    • face of man, lion, ox, eagle

    • throne on firmament

    • earthquake, “many waters,” storm, lightning, wind

    • glory of Yahweh

    • one “like” a man; bronze and fire


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The Prophet’s Call (2) widow or a divorced woman, or a raped woman, or a prostitute--these the (high) priest shall not marry

  • God’s presence in Babylon. Note emphasis on God’s mobility

    • wheels

    • wings

    • legs

    • faces go anywhere without turning

    • spirit


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The Prophet’s Call (3) widow or a divorced woman, or a raped woman, or a prostitute--these the (high) priest shall not marry

  • Closest parallels with Isaiah and Micaiah ben Imlah (1 Kings 22)

  • Son of Man; mortal

  • Eat scroll that is written on both sides--full of lamentation, mourning, and woe

  • sweeter than honey

  • called to be a watchman (only has to warn; Yahweh sends watchman!)


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Symbolic actions widow or a divorced woman, or a raped woman, or a prostitute--these the (high) priest shall not marry

  • 4:1-3 A mock attack on Jerusalem

  • 4:4-8 390 days lying on left side; 40 days lying on right side

  • 4:12-15 cooking with human dung

  • 5:1-3 the prophet’s hair

  • 12:1-16 going into exile

  • 24:15-28 wife dies

  • 37:15-28 two sticks become one


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The Second Great Vision 8-11 (1) widow or a divorced woman, or a raped woman, or a prostitute--these the (high) priest shall not marry

  • statue of passion which provokes to passion

  • idolatrous figures on a wall (Osiris?): “Yahweh does not see us; Yahweh has abandoned the land”

  • women weeping for Tammuz

  • 25 men worshipping the sun; they have put the “branch” to their (or my) nose


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The Second Great Vision 8-11 (2) widow or a divorced woman, or a raped woman, or a prostitute--these the (high) priest shall not marry

  • chap 9: marks put on those who sigh and groan over abominations in city

  • 10:19 and 11:23 the chariot-throne’s great pauses

  • Pelatiah dies during Ezekiel’s sermon

    • “Yahweh delivers” (Pelatiah), the son of “Yahweh builds up” (Benaiah)

    • Who can escape judgment?


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Ezekiel’s Unique History of Israel 20:1-26 widow or a divorced woman, or a raped woman, or a prostitute--these the (high) priest shall not marry

  • Sequence: a. Grace, b. laws, c. rebellion, d. God acted for the sake of the Name

  • in Egypt

  • in the first generation in wilderness

  • in the second generation in the wilderness

    • exile decided already in the wilderness

    • Yahweh gave them laws that were not good

  • vv. 27-29 life in the land

  • As I live, I will not be consulted by you!


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The History that is to come 20:32-44 widow or a divorced woman, or a raped woman, or a prostitute--these the (high) priest shall not marry

  • Let’s be like the nations and worship wood and stone

  • New Exodus: escape--wilderness/sorting out--procession to the temple

  • I swear I will be king!

  • God as king, judge, and shepherd…in Ezekiel and Second Isaiah

  • God acts for his name’s sake, not according to your evil ways


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The Possibility of repentance widow or a divorced woman, or a raped woman, or a prostitute--these the (high) priest shall not marry

  • 18:2 “The parents have eaten sour grapes and the children’s teeth are set on edge”

  • repentance not prevented by the behavior of previous generations

  • repentance not prevented by one’s own earlier lifestyle

  • Yahweh has no delight in death of the wicked; Yahweh wants them to turn and live

  • Life is offered to the house of Israel, which is with Ezekiel in Babylon…but to them only on the basis of repentance.


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Ezekiel 37 (1) widow or a divorced woman, or a raped woman, or a prostitute--these the (high) priest shall not marry

  • 37:1-10 vision; 37:11-14 interpretation

  • bones are very many and very dry (v. 2)

  • reconstituting of bodies and giving them breath; cf. Gen 2:7

  • “breath” -- “wind” -- “spirit”

  • a very, very great army (v. 10)


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Ezekiel 37 (2) widow or a divorced woman, or a raped woman, or a prostitute--these the (high) priest shall not marry

  • These bones are the whole house of Israel

  • Our bones are dried up, our hope has perished, we are cut off

  • Creation

  • Bring you up from your graves = resurrection

  • “Bring up” = allusion to Exodus


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The Future That Ezekiel Saw (1) widow or a divorced woman, or a raped woman, or a prostitute--these the (high) priest shall not marry

  • Ezekiel 37:24-28: land forever; prince forever; covenant of peace forever; my sanctuary in their midst forever (2x)

  • New Temple Measurements = multiples of 25

  • 25th year; Central Strip = 25,000 x 25,000; temple area 500 x 500

  • City = 5,000 by 5,000; 7 + 8 + 10 stairs


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The Future That Ezekiel Saw (2) widow or a divorced woman, or a raped woman, or a prostitute--these the (high) priest shall not marry

  • Temple Approachable only from N, E, S--per contra chap 8

  • Outer and inner gates--ward off impurity; Solomonic in their architectural design!

  • Return of the chariot

  • East gate closed = Yahweh is home to stay


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Ezekiel’s Picture of the Land widow or a divorced woman, or a raped woman, or a prostitute--these the (high) priest shall not marry

  • Only Cis-Jordan

  • Sacred area in the midst of the land; God’s presence at center

  • All 12 tribes have equal territory

  • Full born tribes next to sacred area; then come tribes from concubines; then the nations

  • “City” separated from temple; populated by all the tribes; land for income

  • Prince (new David); not king


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A Land transformed by God’s Presence widow or a divorced woman, or a raped woman, or a prostitute--these the (high) priest shall not marry

  • Stream from temple. Cf. Garden of Eden; Psalm 46; home of the god El

  • Fruit trees in Judean desert--12 crops a year, leaves are good for healing

  • Fish in the Dead Sea

  • Nothing exempt from renewal


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Implications for the Future widow or a divorced woman, or a raped woman, or a prostitute--these the (high) priest shall not marry

  • It did not happen the way Ezekiel promised

  • Qumran--a priestly eschatological community--”Prepare in the desert a highway for our God”; first to see the fish jump

  • John 2: body of Jesus is temple; John 7:37-38 from his or her heart flow….

  • John 19:34 from his heart flow streams of living water; ancient utopia becomes Christian promise

  • Rev 22:1-2; baptized Christians


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A Postscript on Ezekiel--48:35 widow or a divorced woman, or a raped woman, or a prostitute--these the (high) priest shall not marry

  • The name of that city = Yahweh is there; 12-gated city

  • North: Reuben, Judah, Levi (!); South: Simeon, Issachar, Zebulun; East: Joseph (not Ephraim and Manasseh), Benjamin, Dan; West: Gad, Asher Naphtali

  • Not “Jerusalem,” “throne of Yahweh” (Jer 3:17); “Yahweh is our righteousness” (Jer 33:16); “Hephzibah” or “Beulah” (Isa 62:4), city of David, “city.”