The Muslim Empires. 1450-1800 Chapter 15 – Section 1. The Ottoman Empire. Ottoman dynasty started in late 13 th century under the leadership of Osman in the NW corner of Anatolian Peninsula.
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Chapter 15 – Section 1
Scene from the battle defending Constantinople from a 1499 painting
“What a city we have given over to plunder and destruction.”
Mehmet II when he saw the ruin inflicted on the city of Constantinople
1514 – 1520
Sultan Selim I takes control over Mesopotamia, Egypt and Arabia – the original heartland of Islam religion
Includes several holy cities of:
The Suleyman Mosque in
Istanbul. At the height of
the Ottoman Turkish
Empire's power in the
16th century, Sultan Suley-
man the Magnificent ordered
the construction of this
mosque. Surrounding the place
of prayer is a great complex of buildings that house schools, a library, a Turkish bath, a public kitchen, a caravanserai, a hospital and shops. This mosque was designed by the architect Sinan the Great and built in the years 1550 to 1557 A.D.
2. any of the former Muslim rulers of Baghdad (until 1258) and of the Ottoman Empire (from 1571 until 1924).
Chapter 15, section 2
1700 The sultan sat behind a screen and privately indicted his desires to the grand vizier. (similar to Prime Minister)
Bureaucracy and landed classes
Chapter 15, section 3
See page 474 Islam throughout Persia.
Suttee or self cremation involves widows who voluntarily lie by her dead husband's side on his funeral pyre to be burnt alive with the corpse.
Suttee picture and information