The Thirteen Colonies 6th Social Studies Department Hornedo Middle School
OBJECTIVES • Identify the Original Thirteen Colonies and be able to label them on a map. • Know when each colony was founded. • Know the major industries the colony was known for. • Know when each colony became a state.
THE ARRIVAL JUST HOW LONG DO YOU PLAN ON STAYING?
A Short Timeline of Events The first colonies in North America were along the eastern coast. Settlers from Spain, France, Sweden, Holland, and England claimed land beginning in the 17th century. The struggle for control of this land would continue for more than a hundred years. The first permanent settlement was the English colony at Jamestown, in 1607, now Virginia. The Pilgrims followed in 1620, and set up a colony at Plymouth, now Massachusetts.
As more people arrived in the New World, more disputes arose over territory. Many wars were fought in the 1600s and 1700s. Soon, the two countries with the largest presence were England and France. The two nations fought for control of North America in what Americans call the French and Indian War (1754-1763). England won the war and got control of Canada, as well as keeping control of all the English colonies.
By this time, the English colonies numbered 13. They were Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Connecticut, Rhode Island, New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Maryland, Delaware, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, and Georgia.
These American colonists believed that they had a right to govern themselves. They believed that they shouldn't have to pay so much in taxes to England. A conflict began to build. The English response was to isolate the colonies from each other, in hopes that the American people would not pull together as a whole.
England closed the port of Boston entirely. Boston was one of the largest ports in America. Closing it meant that Americans couldn't get food and other goods from England or anywhere else, unless they paid extra. But the punishment of Boston backfired. The Americans pulled together as never before. They took up arms against their English . The result was the Revolutionary War, which ended in American victory.
When the Colonies were Founded • Virginia (1607) • Massachusetts (1620) • New York (1626) • Maryland (1633) • Rhode Island (1636) • Connecticut (1636) • Delaware (1638) • New Hampshire (1638) • North Carolina (1653) • South Carolina (1663) • New Jersey (1664) • Pennsylvania (1682) • Georgia (1732) New Hampshire New York Massachusetts Rhode Island Pennsylvania Connecticut New Jersey Delaware Virginia Maryland North Carolina South Carolina Georgia Under Spanish rule
The New England Colonies • Rhode Island • Connecticut • New Hampshire • Massachusetts
The Middle Colonies • Delaware • New Jersey • New York • Pennsylvania
Farming in the Middle Coloniesalso known as the “breadbasket”
The Southern Colonies • Virginia • Maryland • North Carolina • South Carolina • Georgia
Rhode Island • The name came from the Dutch, meaning “red island.”
Connecticut • Its name came from an Algonquin word, meaning “beside the long tidal river.”
New Hampshire • Named for the “county of Hampshire in England”.
Massachusetts • Name came from a tribal word meaning “large hill place.”
Delaware • Named for the Delaware tribe and an early governor of Virginia, “Lord de la Warr.”
New York . • Named for the “Duke of York.”
New Jersey .. • Named for the “Isle of Jersey in England.”
Pennsylvania • Named for William Penn and for the Latin word sylvania, meaning “forest”.
Virginia • Named for England’s Queen Elizabeth I.
Maryland • Named for “Queen Henrietta Maria of England.”
North Carolina • Name came from the Latin word carolus, meaning “Charles.”
South Carolina • Like North Carolina, the name came from the Latin word carolus, meaning “Charles.”
Georgia • Named for England’s King George II.
Food Supplies The people ate pig, turkey, corn, bread, cornmeal mush, corn bread, rabbit, fish, chickens…
Women’s Duties: Smoking Meat Milking Cows Gardening Child Care Sewing Cleaning Weaving Spinning
Men’s Duties: Planting Crops Building Fences Butchering Livestock Collecting Wood Construction Fishing
Children Games The children played tag, marbles, hopscotch, hide-and-seek.
School in the Colonies Children were taught Christianity and their parents served as tutors at home. Once they became of age, they went to Europe to continue their studies.
Boston Tea Party • December 16 1773 • A protest against the Tea Act of 1773. • England refused to send 3 shiploads of tea back to England, so colonists dressed up as Indians boarded the ships and tossed the tea into Boston Harbor.
Midnight Ride • Paul Revere was a successful silversmith in April 1775. • He rode from Boston to Lexington to warn John Hancock and Sam Adams of the movements of the British Army.
American Revolution • The American Revolution lasted from 1775-1783
The Revolution Ends • The Treaty of Paris was signed in the fall of 1793.