When the Colonies were Founded • Virginia (1607) • Massachusetts (1620) • New York (1626) • Maryland (1633) • Rhode Island (1636) • Connecticut (1636) • Delaware (1638) • New Hampshire (1638) • North Carolina (1653) • South Carolina (1663) • New Jersey (1664) • Pennsylvania (1682) • Georgia (1732)
The New England Colonies • Massachusetts • Rhode Island • Connecticut • New Hampshire Timber Furs Fishing Ship Building
The Middle Colonies • New York • Delaware • New Jersey • Pennsylvania Were know as the “ Bread Colonies “
The Southern Colonies • Virginia • Maryland • North Carolina • South Carolina • Georgia
Virginia • Founded by the London Company (John Smith). • Great place to grow tobacco, wheat, and corn. • Named for England’s Queen Elizabeth I. (“Virgin Queen”) • Officially became a state on June 25, 1788.
Massachusetts • Founded originally as two different colonies: Plymouth Colony in 1620 by the Pilgrims, and Massachusetts Bay Colony in 1630 by the Puritans. The two colonies were united in 1691. (John Winthrop) • Great for fishing, growing corn, and raising livestock. • Also, great place for lumbering and shipbuilding. • Name came from a tribal word meaning “large hill place.” • Officially became a state on February 6, 1788.
New York • Founded by the Dutch West India Company and was known as “New Netherland.” It was renamed in 1664 when the English took control. (Peter Minuit) • Area was great for shipbuilding and iron works. • Also, a good place to grow grain, rice, indigo, and wheat and to raise cattle. • Named for the “Duke of York.” • Officially became a state on July 26, 1788.
Maryland • Land was granted to Lord Baltimore. • Great land to grow corn, wheat, rice, and indigo. • Also a good place for shipbuilding and iron works. • Named for “Queen Henrietta Maria of England.” • Officially became a state on April 28, 1788.
Rhode Island • Settled by two different Massachusetts groups and was united in 1644. (Roger Williams) • Rhode Island was a great place for raising livestock, dairy, and fishing. • It was also a good area for lumbering. • The name came from the Dutch, meaning “red island.” • Officially became a state on May 29, 1790.
Connecticut • Founded by settlers originally from Massachusetts and other colonies. Was named New Haven Colony in 1638 and soon renamed Connecticut. (Thomas Hooker) • Great land for growing wheat and corn and for catching fish. • Its name came from an Algonquin word, meaning “beside the long tidal river.” • Officially became a state on February 6, 1788.
Delaware • Originally settled by the Swedes, but taken over by the Dutch in 1655. Then England took control in 1664. Finally, in 1682, the land was granted to William Penn. (Peter Minuit) • Great area for fishing and lumbering. • Named for the Delaware tribe and an early governor of Virginia, “Lord de la Warr.” • Officially became a state on December 7, 1787.
New Hampshire • Originally part of Maine, but became its own colony in 1629. Then from 1641-1643, it became part of Massachusetts. Finally, in 1679 it became its own colony again. (John Wheelwright) • Great place to manufacture textiles and for shipbuilding. • It also, had good land for growing potatoes and the water surrounding it was great for fishing. • Named for the “county of Hampshire in England.” • Officially became a state on June 21, 1788.
North Carolina • Settled by members of the other colonies. Granted a private company in 1663 and divided into two colonies in 1711. • Great place to grow indigo, rice, and tobacco. • Name came from the Latin word carolus, meaning “Charles.” • Officially became a state on November 21, 1789.
South Carolina • Originally part of the Carolina Colony. Separated in 1711, and became a Royal Providence in 1729. • Like North Carolina it had great land for growing indigo, rice, tobacco, and cotton. • South Carolina’s land could also support the raising of cattle. • Like North Carolina, the name came from the Latin word carolus, meaning “Charles.” • Officially became a state on May 23, 1788.
New Jersey • Originally settled by the Dutch, but in 1644 it was taken over by England. • Great place for ironworking and lumbering. • Named for the “Isle of Jersey in England.” • Officially became a state on December 18, 1787.
Pennsylvania • Settled by the Dutch and Swedes, but England took control in 1664. Then it was granted to William Penn by Charles II in 1681. • Great place to grow and raise wheat, corn, cattle, and dairy. • Also known as a place for papermaking, shipbuilding, and textiles. • Named for William Penn and for the Latin word sylvania, meaning “forest.” • Officially became a state on December 12, 1787.
Georgia • Granted a private company by George II in 1732 and was settled a year later in Savannah. (James Oglethorpe) • Great land for growing indigo, rice, and sugar. • Named for England’s King George II. • Officially became a state on January 2, 1788.
Students will Know… • The Original Thirteen Colonies and be able to label them on a map • When each colony was founded • Who founded each colony • The major crops/industry the colony was known for • When each colony became a state