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The California Child Welfare System: Data Snapshot. Barbara Needell, MSW, PhD Emily Putnam Hornstein, MSW Joseph Magruder, MSW Center for Social Services Research University of California at Berkeley Beyond the Bench December 2005

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The California Child Welfare System: Data Snapshot


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    1. The California Child Welfare System:Data Snapshot Barbara Needell, MSW, PhD Emily Putnam Hornstein, MSW Joseph Magruder, MSW Center for Social Services Research University of California at Berkeley Beyond the Bench December 2005 The Performance Indicators Project at CSSR is supported by the California Department of Social Services and the Stuart Foundation CSSR.BERKELEY.EDU/CWSCMSREPORTS (Presentations)

    2. 3 Views of Data Data

    3. California EXAMPLE: Age of Foster Children (2003 first entries, 2003 exits, July 1 2004 caseload) Entries Exits Point in Time %

    4. April 2005California:Voluntary and Involuntary Service Status In Home Services Out of Home Services Family Reunification(22.4% of Services) Family Maintenance(24.5% of Services) Permanent Placement(48.9% of Services) Voluntary Involuntary Missing

    5. April 2005In Home Services by County:(Family Maintenance)Percent Involuntary Involuntary

    6. 2004California:Referrals per 1,000 by Age and Ethnicity (97.9)* (52.9) * (51.4) * (45.3) * (45.7) * (17.7) * * Series total

    7. 2004 California:Substantiated Referrals per 1,000 by Age and Ethnicity (23.1)* (15.6)* (11.5)* (10.5)* (11.3)* (4.2)* * Series total

    8. 2004 First EntriesCalifornia:Entries to Foster Care per 1,000 by Age and Ethnicity (7.0)* (4.6)* (2.8)* (2.7)* (2.8)* * Series total (0.9)*

    9. April 2005California:Children in Care per 1,000 by Age and Ethnicity (35.4)* (13.8)* (8.4)* (7.0)* (6.9)* * Series total (1.8)*

    10. 1998 to June 2005California:First Entries by First Placement Type TOTAL Foster FFA Kinship Group 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005

    11. 1998 to July 2005California:Caseload by Placement Type TOTAL Kinship FFA Foster Group 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005

    12. April 1, 2005California:Child Welfare Foster Care Caseloadby Age and Placement Type % of children (34.5)* (11.4)* (23.3)* (8.7)* * Series total

    13. April 1, 2005California:Child Welfare Foster Care Caseloadby Ethnicity and Placement Type Kin FFA Foster Group

    14. 1998 First EntriesCalifornia:Placement Stability Over 72 Months Kin Non-Kin Months Months

    15. 1998-2002California:Placement Stability at 24 Months by Entry Year Kin Non-Kin # of placements

    16. 1998 EntriesCalifornia Exits Over Time Reunified and Still in Care by Age:Kin In Care % Reunified

    17. 1998 Entries California Exits Over Time Reunified and Still in Care by Age:Non-Kin InCare % Reunified

    18. 1998 EntriesCalifornia Exits Over Time Reunified and Still in Care by Ethnicity:Kin In Care % Reunified Months from First Entry

    19. 1998 EntriesCalifornia Exits Over Time Reunified and Still in Care by Ethnicity:Non-Kin InCare % Reunified Months from First Entry

    20. 2001 First EntriesCalifornia:Reentry following Reunificationwithin 12 months by Age 12-24 months 25.7 6-12 months Within 6 months 20.8 18.5 18.3 17.3 16.4 16.1 13.8 % 12.6 11.4 8.4 5.4 <1 yr 1-2 yrs 3-5 yrs 6-10 yrs 11-15 yrs 16-17 yrs Kin

    21. 2001 First EntriesCalifornia:Reentry following Reunificationwithin 12 months by Ethnicity 12-24 months 26.2 25.1 6-12 months Within 6 months 21.3 18.8 18.5 16.9 16.5 15.4 13.9 13.3 % 11.7 7.1 Native American Black White Hispanic Asian TOTAL

    22. The Cycle of Experiences in the Child Welfare System Rate of Referrals/ Substantiated Referrals Home-Based Services vs. Out of Home Care Reentry to Care Permanency Through Reunification, Adoption, or Guardianship Counterbalanced Indicators of System Performance Use of Least Restrictive Form of Care Length of Stay Positive Attachments to Family, Friends, and Neighbors Stability of Care Source:Usher, C.L., Wildfire, J.B., Gogan, H.C. & Brown, E.L. (2002). Measuring Outcomes in Child Welfare. Chapel Hill:  Jordan Institute for Families,

    23. Beware: County rankings on individual measures Composite scores that mask issues Small populations Inappropriate views Consider Performance over time Age, gender and race/ethnicity Local Practice and Policy changes needed to impact outcomes DATA ABUSE will not help end CHILD ABUSE

    24. Data are Your Friends fin