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Taiga and Deciduous (Temperate) Biomes. Taiga Biome. Location: Between 50° and 60 ° latitude North of equator Abiotic Factors Temperature Range -40° to 20 ° Celsius Annual Precipitation 30 – 90 cm Seasons – 4 seasons Long cold winters Short moderately warm summer

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taiga biome
Taiga Biome

Location: Between 50° and 60 ° latitude North of equator

  • Abiotic Factors
    • Temperature Range -40° to 20 ° Celsius
    • Annual Precipitation 30 – 90 cm
    • Seasons – 4 seasons
      • Long cold winters
      • Short moderately warm summer
    • Soil is low in nutrients and high in acid content
      • Waxy needles from flora decompose at an extremely slow rate
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Taiga Biome

Unique Characteristics

  • Gorges and depressions from glaziers create bogs and lakes
  • Patches of permafrost present
  • Limited variety of flora
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Taiga Biome

Unique Characteristics

  • Permafrost: permanently frozen soil
  • Bogs and ponds in summer
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Taiga Biome

Flora Adaptations:

  • Needle-like leaves to retain moisture
  • Retain leaves to conserve energy
  • Dark green colored needles quickly absorbs sunlight
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Taiga Biome

Flora Adaptations:

  • Cones for reproduction
  • Conical shape of trees allows snow to slide off
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Taiga Biome

Tamarack

Adaptations: prefers slightly acid soil; can withstand high soil moisture; drops leaves in fall

Hemlock

Adaptations: pyramidal shape; drooping branches

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Taiga Biome

Aspen Tree

Adaptations: flourish in moist soil; roots run close to soil surface; deciduous tree

Spruce Tree

Adaptations: conical shape; 4-angled leaves; horizontal roots; prefers moist soil

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Taiga Biome

Fauna Adaptations:

  • Migration
  • Hibernation

Ground Squirrel

Geese

Goshawk

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Taiga Biome

Bald Eagle

Adaptations: sharp featherless talons; long tail for balancing & flight; excellent vision; water repellant feathers; soar at 40 – 60 mph

Beaver

Adaptations: webbed feet for swimming; flat tail used as a rudder; long sharp incisors; thick waterproof pelt; ears and nose flaps

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Taiga Biome

Pine Marten

Adaptations: bushy tail for balance; agile for quick zig zagging movement; strong claws for grabbing limbs; thick silky coat

Red Fox

Adaptations: long legs; strong jaws; sensitive ears; fluffy tail for warmth

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Taiga Biome

Wolves

Adaptations: travel in packs; acute hearing; excellent sense of smell; long legs and large paws; thick waterproof underfur; guard fur to shed ice and dirt

Ravens

Adaptations: symbiotic relationship with predators; large sharp beak

deciduous temperate biome
Deciduous (Temperate) Biome

Location: mid-latitude areas between polar regions and tropics

  • Abiotic Factors
    • Temperature Average 10°C
    • Annual Precipitation 75 – 150 cm
    • Seasons – 4 distinct seasons
      • Hot summers, cold winters
    • Very fertile soil
deciduous temperate biome5
Deciduous (Temperate) Biome

Unique Characteristics:

  • Broadleaf deciduous trees
  • During fall, trees change colors and lose leaves
  • Trees have thick bark; dormant during winter
  • Flowers are reproduction structures
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Deciduous (Temperate) Biome

Oak Tree

Adaptations: strong trunk; seeds in form of acorns; tall growing

Poplar Tree

Adaptations: grow very big very fast; large root system

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Deciduous (Temperate) Biome

Dogwood Tree

Adaptations: very hard wood; low to medium growing; flowers for reproduction

Magnolia Tree

Adaptations: moisture required; shade tolerant; flowers for reproduction

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Deciduous (Temperate) Biome

Hydrangea

Adaptations: low growing; soft stem that regenerates each year; reproduces with flowers

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Deciduous (Temperate) Biome

Fauna Adaptations:

  • Food Storage
  • Migrate to warmer climates
  • Hibernation
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Deciduous (Temperate) Biome

Tawny Owl

Adaptations: nocturnal; excellent vision and hearing; silent flyer; powerful feet & talons

Northern Copperhead

Adaptations: camouflage; tail twitching to lure prey

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Deciduous (Temperate) Biome

Whitetail Deer

Adaptations: heightened senses; fast runner; offspring almost scentless for first few days of life

Chipmunk

Adaptations: sharp teeth; elasticized cheeks; stores food for winter

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Deciduous (Temperate) Biome

European Hedgehog

Adaptations: hibernates during winter