Temperate Deciduous Forests. (Eastern Deciduous Forests). Location. L atitude range anywhere from 23 ° north to 38 ° south. Bradley Woods, Cuyahoga County, OH. Climate. 4 distinct seasons Temperature 70s in summer Temp just below freezing in winter Average precipitation 30-60 inches/year
Location Latitude range anywhere from 23 ° north to 38 ° south Bradley Woods, Cuyahoga County, OH
Climate 4 distinct seasons Temperature 70s in summer Temp just below freezing in winter Average precipitation 30-60 inches/year Biome’s short distance to oceans explains the wide range in climate
Plant Adaptation Plants capture sunlight in summer through photosynthesis Lose leaves in winter to conserve water Absorbs food material in leaves before falling Maple Tree Beech Tree Evergreen Tree
Animal Adaptations Blujays migrate to escape winter Bears hibernate during winter months Squirrels store large amounts of food
Soil and Chemical Cycling Soil generally very fertile Soil fertilized by falling leaves/decaying matter Wide variety of soil types Rich Loamy, Red Clay, Rocky, Sandy Water most often from rivers Water high in nutrients
Economic Value Crucial to timber business Helps balance carbon dioxide levels Helps check soil erosion Provides animal products Regulates earth’s temperature/water cycle
Human Disturbance Deforestation affects not only trees but animals Animals hunted for fur Soil damaged from polluted precipitation
Bibliography "Deciduous Forest Biome." Blue Planet Biomes. Web. 19 Oct. 2009. <http://www.blueplanetbiomes.org/deciduous_forest.htm>. "Deciduous Forest." Thurston High School Springfield Oregon. Web. 19 Oct. 2009. <http://ths.sps.lane.edu/biomes/deciduous3/deciduous3.html>. Miller, G. Tyler. Living in the environment principles, connections, and solutions. Pacific Grove, CA: Thomson Brooks/Cole, 2005. Print. "Phosphorus in Surface Runoff from a Deciduous Forest -- Singer and Rust 4 (3): 307 --." Journal of Environmental Quality. Web. 19 Oct. 2009. <http://jeq.scijournals.org/cgi/content/abstract/4/3/307>.
Key Characteristics Location: - Temperate Deciduous Forests - no longer in wild. Range: Pennsylvania to central Texas. Niche: -roam in small packs - white tailed deer, raccoons, other small mammals, insects, and berries. - nocturnal, shy, complex social structure Habitat: - costal prairie and marsh areas - between 10 and 100 square miles
Causes of Endangerment Loss of Habitat -expansion of agriculture -logging -human settlement The hunting of wolves Mating of red wolves and coyotes
Level of Endangerment Status of red wolves is Endangered. Believed to be extinct in the wild. Current population is 300 captive animals - zoos - captive breeding facilities - Alligator River National Wildlife Refuge in North Carolina - Great Smoky Mountains National Park.
Conclusion Restoration plans were made in 1973 Restoration began in 1987 1.7 million acres 20 packs with 41 pups Red Wolf Coalition
Bibliography "About the Red Wolf Coalition." The Red Wolf Coalition: Columbia, NC. Web. Oct. 2009. <http://www.redwolves.com/about_rwc/about_rwc.html>. "Red Wolf - Canisrufus - Defenders of Wildlife." Defenders of Wildlife - Protection of endangered species, imperiled species, habitats. Web. Oct. 2009. <http://www.defenders.org/wildlife_and_habitat/wildlife/red_wolf.php>. "Red Wolf Recovery Project." U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Home. Web. Oct. 2009. <http://www.fws.gov/redwolf/index.html>. "Red Wolf." The Wild Ones. Web. Oct. 2009. <http://www.thewildones.org/Animals/redWolf.html>.
Endangered Species Act
Signed December 28, 1973 President Richard Nixon 93rd United States Congress
Provisions Authorizes determination and listing of endangered status Prohibits “tampering with” endangered species Authority to require land for conservation Establishes funds to support conservation Authorizes the assessment of penalties for violating Authorizes rewards to those who help lead to arrests
Enforcement Administered by two federal agencies -United States Fish and Wildlife Service -National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Both agencies have officers and headquarters in the U.S. and around the world.
Changes Endangered Species Prevention Act of 1966 -listed endangered domestic fish and wildlife -$15 million for habitat Amendment of 1969 – Endangered Species Conservation Act -to provide species that are endangered worldwide. -made importation and sale illegal Endangered Species Act of 1973 -Amendments in 1978, 1988, 1989, 1990
Application Protects various endangered species in Temperate Deciduous Forests -Animals - Northern Hemisphere: red wolf, caribou, elk, bison - Southern Hemisphere: orange-bellied parrot, grey goshawk, and scrubwren
Bibliography "Endangered Species Act -." Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Web. Oct. 2009. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Endangered_Species_Act>. "Endangered Species Act." The International Parrotlet Society. Web. Oct. 2009. http://www.internationalparrotletsociety.org/esa.html>. "Office for Law Enforcement." NOAA :: National Marine Fisheries Service. Web. Oct. 2009. <http://www.nmfs.noaa.gov/ole/>.