The beginning… • The 1st humans arrived in America via the Bering strait.
Far away over in Europe.. • Spices and goods (drugs, material, etc) from the Far East were in high demand. The price that people were willing to pay was high, however from western Europe the trip was very long.. • MAP • They looked to the West instead
Christopher Columbus Hired by the Queen of Spain to find a western route to India Nina, Pinta, Santa Maria
Many countries from Europe began to colonize the New World Between 1492 and 1682 many European explorers made the trek to the Americas
While Spain quickly jumped to the to the top of colonizing America, England was very determined, and soon won out
Many Colonies FAILED • Fort Caroline, Ajacan, Charlesfort, St. Croix Island, etc • Roanoke or “the lost Colony” is the most well known • Caused by starvation, disease (scurvy), weather, conflicts (both N.A. & European)
How did the Colonists survive?? • some plants/ animals were not found in Europe. • Tobacco, which was native to the Western hemisphere was shipped back and became a huge success.. I can’t imagine why.
Colonists moved west as Virginia’s population grew • With the growth of farmer, the need for Indentured Servants grew. • These were people who got their voyage paid for by farmers, then worked off what they owed before they could start their own life. • Another example..
English Colonies won the area • Spanish and French Colonies settled south or north of the east coast • Spanish mostly moved south.. Today?? • French moved both south AND north.. Today??
Diverse Colonial Economies • Southern Colonies- staple crops • Middle Colonies- farming and commerce. Big cities • New England Colonies- small self-sufficient farms and towns
Colonial America was strong.. • Problems began to arise. Colonists felt that they were being treated unfairly, and The king felt that the colonists must stay loyal to their country. Who was right? • Next Class we will see things escalate..
tensions • American colonists began to get upset with some of England’s policies. • The Navigation Act • Laws that allowed colonists to sell certain goods like sugar and tobacco ONLY to England. This was a blow to the economic well being of the colonists
Boston Massacre • As tensions between colonists and troops grew, eventually a boiling point had to happen. Things often happen like this in life. Tensions grow and grow, then explode! • Mr. Reusch will tell you all the Facts 1st…
Boston Massacre • Engraving done by Paul Revere • Get with the person next to you and the pair of you write down how the engraving I am about to show you may have been misleading & may have contributed to the feelings of the colonists. • 3minutes 23seconds
Any other propaganda similar to this today?????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????? • September 11, 2001
Then, in 1765, the Stamp Act was passed and it required all printed materials to carry an official British stamp that showed a tax had been paid Also, a tax on China tea owned by the British was enacted.
“No Taxation Without Representation” • This was a phrase commonly shouted by the colonists. • what is meant by this?? • The colonists were being taxed, however they did not have a representative in Parliament.
What did they do about it?? • Began to boycott the goods and taxes. • Boycott is a refusal to buy certain products of use certain services. • Examples??
Ports refused to take any shipments of tea • In Boston however a ship carrying tea was escorted by British troops that were armed. The colonists had to stick to their boycott. Why?
As their way to keep with the boycott, a group of colonists had the Boston Tea Party • Climbed aboard the ship and over 3 hrs destroyed every chest of tea. • Dressed like Indians • Ever hear TEA PARTY today?? • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Zjyh5GwIKzA
These events led us right up to the point where a war was almost inevitable …
Revolutionary war Quick overview through images
George Washington General Big guy Tough guy Great warrior Bad, but not wooden teeth
IT STARTS… • BATTLE OF LEXINGTON & CONCORD • 1st official battle between the colonists & England • April 19, 1775 • Massachusetts • Colonial Victory • “shot heard ‘round the world” • Why?? • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AhdmDDBjco0
Revolutionary War…type in the web addresses below in your Firefox browser & watch the videos. We will discuss them in about 15minutes when they should all be finished. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Wjfrexe61XI Battle of Trenton – boosted moral http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YwT_eLpdrmI Battle of Saratoga – Turning point in war http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rxVTAJDVuP4&feature=related
In conclusion… • The colonists won the revolutionary war thanks to: • Knowledge of the terrain • Distance the British had to travel for supplies/troops • Great leadership • Passion for the cause NOW, they are FREE! Hrmm, that’s a little scary, what’s next? • (Review if time)
If time.. review Events leading up to the war George Washington Battle of Trenton Battle of Saratoga
Now that we have our own country… we need rules • How strong of a government • Who will run the country • What are the laws that we feel are important
Articles of Confederation • 1st governing document of the United states (established this name) • Only in effect for 3 years. • Like many things in life, our country did not get it right the 1st time. When this happens, learn from your mistakes
Congress (the central government) was made up of delegates chosen by the states and could conduct foreign affairs, make treaties, declare war, maintain an army and a navy, coin money, and establish post offices. However, measures passed by Congress had to be approved by 9 of the 13 states. • Congress was severely limited in its powers. It could not raise money by collecting taxes; it had no control over foreign commerce; it could pass laws but could not force the states to comply with them. Thus, the government was dependent on the willingness of the various states to carry out its measures, and often the states refused to cooperate. • The articles were virtually impossible to amend, so problems could not be corrected.
After a lot of discussion and revision by the country’s best and brightest, they agreed upon a new document. On June 21, 1788 the United States put into effect the Constitution that is still the document that our country follows to this day.
The layout of the constitution.. • Preamble • Articles ( 7) • Amendments (27)
Seven Articles • I - Legislative power • II - Executive power • III - Judicial power • IV - States' powers and limits • Marriage, traffic laws, medical marijuana • V - Process of amendment • Document can be changed by the government as times change & the need arises • VI - Federal power • Post Office, print money, etc. • VII – Ratification • Makes the document OFFICIAL
FirstFreedom of speech, assembly, religion, the press and to petition the government SecondThe right to bear arms ThirdNo quartering of troops in homes except in time of war FourthNo search without a warrant FifthDue process and protection of property SixthTrial by jury SeventhJury trial in civil cases EighthNo cruel and unusual punishment NinthRights not specifically mentioned in the constitution should not be assumed not to exist TenthRights of the states 11thSovereign immunity 12thElectoral college reform 13thSlavery abolished 14th Equal protection under law and due process of law 15th Right to vote shall not be abridged because of color or previous servitude 16thIncome Tax 17thElection of senators 18thProhibition 19thWomen's suffrage 20thTerms of office for president and Congress 21stProhibition repealed 22ndPresidential term limits 23rdDistrict of Columbia suffrage 24thPoll taxes abolished 25thPresidential disability 26thVoting at age 18 27thCongressional pay raises
The 1st three articles cover the three branches of the U.S. Government • Legislative Branch • Executive Branch • Judicial Branch