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Chancellor…but with POWER! Chapter 7 Sections 1 & 2 Bismarck NICE ‘stache!!!
Nationalism: A strong feeling of pride in and devotion to one’s country Napoleon’s empire building caused groups with common cultures and languages to grow resentful. Nationalistic sentiment increased after The Congress of Vienna Austria! Italy France Germany
Prussia, Austria and the German Confederation • Napoleon dissolved the Holy Roman Empire • German speaking people began to resent French rule • Napoleon’s defeat results in the meeting known as the Concert of Europe • The Congress of Vienna (headed by Metternich) create The German Confederation, a weak alliance headed by Austria.
Map: The German Confederation. Includes: Austria Prussia, Denmark, Bavaria, Saxony, several small Kingdoms and Duchies and later Included Hamburg, Frankfort and Other states. Great Britain France
Bismarck Unifies Germany • A member of the Junker (yoon-kur) Class, he was an old school Conservative (you know, Divine right of kings, etc.) • King William I of Prussia made Bismarck chancellor in 1862 • His “Blood and Iron” mentality would lead to the growth of state power and strengthening of the ruling Prussian dynasty • The Army is built up and prepared for war
WAR • Bismarck makes alliance between Austria and Prussia • Declares war on Denmark, seizes lands, then… • Makes an excuse to attack Austria!!! • Creates a new confederation dominated by Prussia • Allows Austria and 4 other German states to remain independent • France declares war on Prussia, but is defeated! Pay attention here…this guy is Hitler’s idol!
VICTORY and a new Empire! • In the wake of victories, the German states encourage William I of Prussia to take the title of Kaiser (emperor)…will these people never learn? Come on!!, Caesar, Nero, Napoleon, OY! • 1871 German nationalists celebrate the birth of the SECOND REICH (empire) because they considered The Holy Roman Empire to be the 1st and Germany was the heir! See the Hitler link here?
Germany Strengthens More HITLER connections!