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Millennium Edition Summary of Changes. Chapter 2B: Regulatory Signs. 1988 MUTCD Text indicating that all regulatory signs shall be retroreflective or illuminated is in Sections 2A-8 and 2B-1. 2000 MUTCD Discussion on sign retrorefleclivity & illumination remains in Section 2B.01.

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chapter 2b regulatory signs

Millennium EditionSummary of Changes

Chapter 2B: Regulatory Signs

retroreflection illumination
1988 MUTCD

Text indicating that all regulatory signs shall be retroreflective or illuminated is in Sections 2A-8 and 2B-1.

2000 MUTCD

Discussion on sign retrorefleclivity & illumination remains in Section 2B.01

Retroreflection & Illumination
sign sizes
1988 MUTCD

Not in MUTCD.

2000 MUTCD

Explanation of when various sign sizes should be used based on roadway classification.

Sign Sizes

Section 2B.03

Yellow Text Denotes a Standard

regulatory sign sizes table 2b 1
1988 MUTCD

Not in MUTCD.

2000 MUTCD

Table 2B.1 added which shows sign codes, road classification, and applicable MUTCD sections.

Section 2B.03

Regulatory Sign Sizes Table 2B-1

Yellow Text Denotes a Standard

4 way supplemental plaque
1988 MUTCD

The 4-WAY supplemental plaque is recommended at intersections controlled by a STOP sign.

2000 MUTCD

Requires the use of the 4-WAY supplemental plaque (R1-3) at intersections controlled by STOP signs.

Section 2B.04

4-WAY Supplemental Plaque

Yellow Text Denotes a Standard

stop sign application
1988 MUTCD

Title is “Warrants for Stop Signs.”

Section 2B-5

2000 MUTCD

Title changed to “Stop Sign Applications”

Section 2B-05

Stop Sign Application

Yellow Text Denotes a Standard

two way stop control
1988 MUTCD

Not in MUTCD

2000 MUTCD

Add GUIDANCE to describe the appropriate street to stop traffic in a 2-way STOP situation and to recommend the use of engineering judgement.

Section 2B.05

TWO-WAY STOP CONTROL

Yellow Text Denotes a Standard

two way stop control1
1988 MUTCD

Not in MUTCD.

2000 MUTCD

Considerations when deciding which street to install STOP signs where 2 streets have equal volumes.

Section 2B.05

TWO-WAY STOP CONTROL

Yellow Text Denotes a Standard

stop sign applications
2000 MUTCD

Restrictions for the use of STOP signs also applies to Multi-way Stop Signs.

Section 2B.05

STOP SIGN APPLICATIONS
  • 1988 MUTCD
  • Not in MUTCD.

Yellow Text Denotes a Standard

stop sign placement
1988 MUTCD

A Stop sign may be supplemented with a Stop line.

Section 2B-9

2000 MUTCD

Stop lines should be located at the point where the road user should stop.

Section 2B.06

STOP SIGN PLACEMENT

Yellow Text Denotes a Standard

stop sign placement1
1988 MUTCD

1988 MUTCD shows the STOP sign placement in the typical drawings.

2000 MUTCD

Add text that if only one STOP sign is installed, it should not be placed on the far-side of the intersection.

Section 2B.06

STOP SIGN PLACEMENT

Yellow Text Denotes a Standard

multi way stops
1988 MUTCD

Not in MUTCD.

2000 MUTCD

Guidance added to recommend an engineering study to determine when to install multi-way stop signs.

Section 2B.07

MULTI-WAY STOPS

Yellow Text Denotes a Standard

engineering study criteria for multi way stops
1988 MUTCD

Uses term “warrants”

Optional condition

Section 2B-6

2000 MUTCD

Use “engineering study”

The criteria should be considered for multi-way stop sign installation.

Section 2B.07

Engineering Study Criteria for Multi-Way Stops

Yellow Text Denotes a Standard

minimum vehicle volume criteria
1988 MUTCD

Total vehicle volume entering the intersection from the major street approach averages at least 500 vehicles per hour for any 8 hours of an average day.

Section 2B.07

2000 MUTCD

Total vehicle volume from the major street approach (total of both approaches) averages at least 300 vehicles per hour….

Section 2B.07

Minimum Vehicle Volume Criteria

Yellow Text Denotes a Standard

combined volume criteria
1988 MUTCD

Combination volume studies only include vehicles and pedestrians.

Section2B-6

2000 MUTCD

Add bicycle volumes to combination volume studies of vehicles and pedestrians from the minor approach (total of both approaches)..

Section 2B.07

Combined Volume Criteria

Yellow Text Denotes a Standard

multi way stop signs
1988 MUTCD

Not in MUTCD.

2000 MUTCD

Provide means to combine criteria for accident experience and volume counts. (80% of min. values)

Section 2B.07

Multi-Way Stop Signs

Yellow Text Denotes a Standard

yield signs
1988 MUTCD

Discussion on design application, and placement was not separated in the 1988 edition.

Section 2B-7

2000 MUTCD

Separate the discussion on design, application, and placement of Yield Signs

Yield Sign (2B.08)

Yield Sign Applications (2B.09)

Yield Sign Placement (2B.10)

Yield Signs

Yellow Text Denotes a Standard

yield sign applications
1988 MUTCD

Section 2B.8 uses the term “Yield Sign Warrants.”

Section 2B-8

2000 MUTCD

Revise this misunderstood term to “Yield Sign Applications” and listing the criteria to consider for installation.

Section 2B.09

Yield Sign Applications

Yellow Text Denotes a Standard

yield sign placement
1988 MUTCD

Yield signs should be located as close as practical to the intersection it regulates.

Section 2B-9

2000 MUTCD

Yield signs shall be located as close as practical to the intersection it regulates.

Section 2B.10

Yield Sign Placement

Yellow Text Denotes a Standard

yield sign placement1
1988 MUTCD

Yield signs should not be used on the through roadway of expressways.

Section 2B-8

2000 MUTCD

Delete this sentence.

Yield Sign Placement

Yellow Text Denotes a Standard

speed limit sign
1988 MUTCD

Not in MUTCD

2000 MUTCD

Support statement added to clarify metric supplemental plaque is yellow background with black legend.

Section 2B.11

Speed Limit Sign

Yellow Text Denotes a Standard

truck speed limit sign
1988 MUTCD

Truck Speed Limit text found in 2B-10 Speed Limit Sign.

The “Trucks 40” legend appears to be appropriate for use as a “stand alone” independent sign.

Section 2B-10

2000 MUTCD

Added as separate section Clarify this sign is a supplemental plaque required for use below Speed Limit sign or included within R2-1 sign.

Section 2B.12

Truck Speed Limit Sign

Yellow Text Denotes a Standard

speed limit signs
1988 MUTCD

Not in MUTCD

2000 MUTCD

“Changeable message sign that changes for traffic and ambient conditions may be installed…”

Section 2B.11

Speed Limit Signs

Yellow Text Denotes a Standard

reduced speed ahead signs
1988 MUTCD

Found in 2B-14

Not in MUTCD.

Not in MUTCD.

Section 2B-14

2000 MUTCD

Added separate section.

Optional methods for advising road users of speed limit change ahead.

Supplemental plaques should have white background w/ black legend and border.

Section 2B.16

Reduced Speed Ahead Signs

Yellow Text Denotes a Standard

turn prohibition signs
1988 MUTCD

Turn Prohibition and U-Turn Prohibition Signs were 2 separate sections.

Sections 2B-15 & 2B-16

2000 MUTCD

Combine these 2 sections.

Section 2B.17

Turn Prohibition Signs

Yellow Text Denotes a Standard

turn prohibition signs1
1988 MUTCD

Turn Prohibition signs should be used to indicate intersection turns that are prohibited or restricted.

Section 2B.15

2000 MUTCD

Except as noted in Option

Where turns are prohibited, Turn Prohibition signs shall be installed.

Section 2B.17

Turn Prohibition Signs

Yellow Text Denotes a Standard

turn prohibition signs2
1988 MUTCD

Not in MUTCD.

2000 MUTCD

Optional text added “Where ONE WAY signs are used, Turn Prohibition signs may be omitted.”

Section 2B.17

Turn Prohibition Signs

Yellow Text Denotes a Standard

turn prohibition signs3
1988 MUTCD

Installing Turn Prohibition signs adjacent to a signal face is an OPTION.

Section 2B15

2000 MUTCD

Installing Turn Prohibition sign adjacent to a signal face remains an option.

Section 2B.17

Turn Prohibition Signs

Yellow Text Denotes a Standard

turn prohibition sign
1988 MUTCD

Not in MUTCD

2000 MUTCD

In addition to mounting the Turn Prohibition signs adjacent to overhead signals, this sign may be post-mounted.

Section 2B.17

Turn Prohibition Sign

Yellow Text Denotes a Standard

mandatory movement lane control signs
1988 MUTCD

Not in MUTCD.

2000 MUTCD

New sign (R3-5a) is used to notify road user to stay in the same lane to proceed straight through the intersection.

Sections 2B-19

Mandatory Movement Lane Control Signs

Yellow Text Denotes a Standard

mandatory movement lane control signs1
1988 MUTCD

Not in MUTCD.

2000 MUTCD

Text added that when Mandatory Movement Lane Control signs are installed, appropriate pavement markings may also be installed.

Section 2B.19

Mandatory Movement Lane Control Signs

Yellow Text Denotes a Standard

intersection lane control signs
1988 MUTCD

Not in MUTCD

2000 MUTCD

Where the number of through lanes is 2 or less, the R3-5, R3-6, or R3-8 signs may be either overhead or ground mounted.

Section 2B.18

Intersection Lane Control Signs

Yellow Text Denotes a Standard

intersection lane control signs1
1988 MUTCD

Not in MUTCD.

2000 MUTCD

When used Intersection Lane Control signs should be mounted overhead.

Section2B.18

Intersection Lane Control Signs

Yellow Text Denotes a Standard

mandatory movement signs
1988 MUTCD

Not discussed as a separate section

Section 2B-17

2000 MUTCD

New section that specifically addresses application and placement for mandatory movement lane control signs (R3-5, R3-5a and R3-7)

Section2B.19

Mandatory Movement Signs
mandatory movement signs1
1988 MUTCD

Placement location is not clearly stated.

Section 2B19

2000 MUTCD

Clarifies that word message “LEFT LANE MUST TURN LEFT” (R3-7) shall be ground- mounted only.

Section2B.19

Mandatory Movement Signs

Yellow Text Denotes a Standard

mandatory movement signs2
1988 MUTCD

Not in MUTCD

2000 MUTCD

New design standard for the “LEFT OR RIGHT TURN ONLY” (R3-5) symbol sign.

Section 2B.18 & 2B.19

Mandatory Movement Signs

Yellow Text Denotes a Standard

optional movement signs
1988 MUTCD

The R3-6 sign is discussed in the same section with the mandatory movement signs.

Section 2B-17

2000 MUTCD

Separate section to discuss “Optional Movement” R3-6 symbol sign.

Section 2B.20

Optional Movement Signs

Yellow Text Denotes a Standard

optional movement signs1
1988 MUTCD

The specific location of the Optional Movement (R3-6) sign is not stated.

Section 2B-17

2000 MUTCD

If used, the Optional Movement (R3-6) sign shall be installed at the intersection location.

Section2B.20

Optional Movement Signs

Yellow Text Denotes a Standard

optional movement sign
1988 MUTCD

Not in MUTCD.

2000 MUTCD

The Optional Movement Lane Control (R3-6) sign shall indicate all permissible movements from specific lanes.

Section 2B.20

Optional Movement Sign

Yellow Text Denotes a Standard

advance intersection lane use control signs
1988 MUTCD

The “Double Turn Lane-Use Control” (R3-8) Sign is not specified for use in advance of intersections.

Section 2B-17

2000 MUTCD

The “Double Turn Lane-Use Control” (R3-8) Sign is classified as an advance intersection sign.

Section 2B.21

Advance Intersection Lane-Use Control Signs

Yellow Text Denotes a Standard

reversible lane control signs
1988 MUTCD

Not in MUTCD.

2000 MUTCD

Added new section on “Reversible Lane Control Signs.”

Section2B.21

Reversible Lane Control Signs

Yellow Text Denotes a Standard

new reversible lane control signs
1988 MUTCD

Not in MUTCD.

2000 MUTCD

New reversible lane control signs (R3-9c to R3-9i) have been added.

Section 2B.23

New Reversible Lane Control Signs
reversible lane control signs1
1988 MUTCD

Does not indicate that reversible lane control signs may be designed as changeable messages.

2000 MUTCD

Reversible Lane Control signs may be either static or changeable message type.

Section2B.23

Reversible Lane Control Signs

Yellow Text Denotes a Standard

reversible lane control signs2
1988 MUTCD

Not in MUTCD.

2000 MUTCD

When ground-mounted Reversible Lane Control signs are used, they shall be used as a supplement to overhead signs or signals.

Section2B.23

Reversible Lane Control Signs

Yellow Text Denotes a Standard

reversible lane control signs3
1988 MUTCD

Not in MUTCD

2000 MUTCD

If a traffic engineering study determines that lane use control signals or barriers are not needed, overhead lane use control signs shall be used.

Section 2B.23 & Figure 2B-1

Reversible Lane Control Signs

Yellow Text Denotes a Standard

reversible lane control signs4
1988 MUTCD

Not in MUTCD.

2000 MUTCD

3 conditions to meet for reversing traffic flow using pavement markings and signs.

Section 2B.23

Reversible Lane Control Signs

Yellow Text Denotes a Standard

reversible lane control signs5
1988 MUTCD

Not in MUTCD

2000 MUTCD

Table 2B-2 states to the meaning of symbols and legends on Reversible Lane Control Signs.

Section2B. 23

Reversible Lane Control Signs

Yellow Text Denotes a Standard

reversible lane control signs6
1988 MUTCD

Not in MUTCD.

2000 MUTCD

New R3-9g and 9h advance signs inform road users of reversible lane boundaries; R3-9i is for use at the end of reversible lane.

Section 2B.23

Reversible Lane Control Signs
reversible lane control signs7
1988 MUTCD

Not in MUTCD.

2000 MUTCD

Turn Prohibition signs shall be mounted overhead and separate from Reversible Lane Control signs.

Section 2B.23

Reversible Lane Control Signs

Yellow Text Denotes a Standard

turn prohibition signs4
1988 MUTCD

Not in MUTCD.

2000 MUTCD

For added emphasis, a message stating the distance of the Turn Prohibition (ex, NEXT 1 MILE) should be included.

Section2B.23

Turn Prohibition Signs

Yellow Text Denotes a Standard

reversible lane control signs8
1988 MUTCD

Not in MUTCD.

2000 MUTCD

Where left turning vehicles may impact reversible lanes, left and U-turns should be prohibited for a specified time.

Section2B.23

Reversible Lane Control Signs

Yellow Text Denotes a Standard

slow moving traffic lanes
1988 MUTCD

“Signs for Uphill Traffic Lanes.”

2000 MUTCD

Title is changed to “Slow Moving Traffic Lane Signs.”

Section 2B.27

Slow Moving Traffic Lanes

Yellow Text Denotes a Standard

truck lane signs
1988 MUTCD

The use of the R4-3, and R4-5 sign was optional.

Sections 2B-23 & 2B-24

2000 MUTCD

Where an extra lane is provided for slow moving traffic, the R4-3 or R4-5 signs should be installed at the beginning of the lane.

Section 2B.27

Truck Lane Signs

Yellow Text Denotes a Standard

truck lane signs1
1988 MUTCD

In advance of the climbing lane, a TRUCK LANE (XX) FEET sign (R4-6) may be erected.

Section2B-24

2000 MUTCD

A TRUCK LANE (XX) FEET sign (R4-6) should be installed in advance of the lane.

Section2B.27

Truck Lane Signs

or

slower traffic keep right
1988 MUTCD

The Slower Traffic Keep Right or Trucks Use Right Lane may be used.

Section 2B-24

2000 MUTCD

The Slower Traffic Keep Right sign may be used as a supplement or alternate to the Trucks Use Right Lane sign.

Section2B.27

Slower Traffic Keep Right

Yellow Text Denotes a Standard

wrong way signs
1988 MUTCD

Not in MUTCD.

2000 MUTCD

Figure 2B-2 shows typical wrong way signing for divided highways.

Wrong Way Signs

Yellow Text Denotes a Standard

wrong way signs1
Wrong Way Signs

Figure 2B-2

pedestrian prohibited sign
1988 MUTCD

The sign should be erected wherever it can be most effective.

Section 2B-28

2000 MUTCD

The R5-10c or R9-3a sign should be installed to be clearly visible to pedestrians at a location where an alternate route is available.

Section 2B.31

Pedestrian Prohibited Sign
one way sign
1988 MUTCD

This sign should be placed parallel to the one way street directly opposite the exits from alleys and other public ways.

Section2B-29

2000 MUTCD

This sign shall be placed parallel to the one-way street at all alleys and roadways that intersect one-way roadways.

Section 2B.32

One Way Sign

Yellow Text Denotes a Standard

divided highway crossing sign
1988 MUTCD

Not in MUTCD.

2000 MUTCD

This sign may be mounted beneath a STOP or YIELD sign or on a separate support.

Section2B.33

Divided Highway Crossing Sign

Yellow Text Denotes a Standard

parking standing stopping signs
1988 MUTCD

The text distinguishes between urban and rural.

Sections2B-31,32,33

2000 MUTCD

Eliminate the distinction between urban and rural parking, standing, and stopping signs.

Sections 2B.34,35,36

Parking, Standing, Stopping Signs

Yellow Text Denotes a Standard

parking stopping standing signs
1988 MUTCD

Not in MUTCD.

2000 MUTCD

Spacing of parking signs should be based on legibility and sign orientation.

Section 2B.36

Parking, Stopping, Standing Signs

Yellow Text Denotes a Standard

emergency restriction signs
1988 MUTCD

“Emergency Parking Signs.”

Section 2B-34

2000 MUTCD

Title changed to “Emergency Restriction Signs.”

Section 2B. 37

Emergency Restriction Signs

Yellow Text Denotes a Standard

emergency restriction signs1
1988 MUTCD

These signs shall have a black legend on a white background.

Section 2B-34

2000 MUTCD

Emergency Restriction signs shall be rectangular and shall have a red or black legend & border on white background.

Section 2B.37.

Emergency Restriction Signs

Yellow Text Denotes a Standard

retroreflective or illuminated
1988 MUTCD

Did not require all signs to be retroreflective or illuminated.

2000 MUTCD

Signs in Section 2B.35 and 2B.38 through 2B.40 are now required to be retroreflective or illuminated. (See 2B.01)

Sections2B.35and 2B.38-2B.40

Retroreflective or Illuminated

Yellow Text Denotes a Standard

traffic signal signs
1988 MUTCD

Not in MUTCD.

2000 MUTCD

Add optional use of 2 new symbols signs for NO RIGHT (LEFT) TURN ON RED (R10-11c and R10-11d)

Section2B.40

Traffic Signal Signs
emergency signal sign
1988 MUTCD

Not in MUTCD.

2000 MUTCD

A new “Emergency Signal” sign (R10-13) shall be used in conjunction with emergency-vehicle traffic control signals.

Sections 2B. 40 & 4F.02

Emergency Signal Sign

Yellow Text Denotes a Standard

high occupancy vehicle lanes
1988 MUTCD

Not in MUTCD.

2000 MUTCD

New section that includes provisions for the design and operation of HOV lanes.

Section2B.49

High Occupancy Vehicle Lanes

Yellow Text Denotes a Standard

high occupancy vehicle lanes1
1988 MUTCD

HOV lane signs are not specifically addressed.

2000 MUTCD

Revise the R3-10 through R3-17 Preferential Lane signs to specifically address HOV lanes.

Section2B.48

High Occupancy Vehicle Lanes

Yellow Text Denotes a Standard

high occupancy vehicle lanes2
1988 MUTCD

Diamond symbol was not exclusively for HOV lanes. (Also used for bicycle lanes.)

2000 MUTCD

The diamond symbol is for exclusive HOV lane use.

Section2B.48

High Occupancy Vehicle Lanes

Yellow Text Denotes a Standard

high occupancy vehicle lanes3
1988 MUTCD

Not in MUTCD.

2000 MUTCD

A supplemental plaque shall be used with the ground mounted R3-5 sign on a multi-lane approach….

Section 2B.19

High Occupancy Vehicle Lanes

Yellow Text Denotes a Standard

high occupancy vehicle lanes4
1988 MUTCD

Not in MUTCD.

2000 MUTCD

HOV related definitions are included in Part 1

Section1A.13

High Occupancy Vehicle Lanes

Yellow Text Denotes a Standard

high occupancy vehicle signs
1988 MUTCD

Not in MUTCD.

2000 MUTCD

New section that discusses HOV sign applications & placement.

Section 2B.50

High Occupancy Vehicle Signs

Yellow Text Denotes a Standard

hov signs
1988 MUTCD

Not in MUTCD.

2000 MUTCD

The R3-18 & R3-19 HOV signs have been deleted.

Sections 2B.48 &2B.50

HOV SIGNS

Yellow Text Denotes a Standard