Ethnic Diversity in European Labor Markets Klaus F. Zimmermann IZA, DIW Berlin and University of Bonn Budapest October 22, 2010. Background. Social and economic exclusion remains an everyday challenge to millions of members of ethnic minorities living in Europe today
Overall picture:Robust evidence of the presence of labor market disadvantages for ethnic minorities in many European countries in terms of...
Primarily immigrant status which is associated with employment and earnings penalties
Citizenship is a relatively more important factor
European country-level evidence shows (among other things):
Explanations for the immigrant-native gaps which are present:
To empirically examine the situation of immigrant ethnic minorities...
Participation rates by citizenship and immigration status:
Unemployment rates by citizenship and immigration status:
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