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  1. POETRYTRY PoEtry By Mr.Mrtz April 10th 2010 Don´t Teach; INSPIRE! www.mrtz08.wordpress.com

  2. Poetry • Poetry is literature that uses a few words to tell about ideas, feelings and paints a picture in the reader´s mind. • Most poems were written to be read aloud. • Poems may or may not rhyme. Don´t Teach; INSPIRE! www.mrtz08.wordpress.com

  3. Form • The form of a poem is the way that it looks on the page. Don´t Teach; INSPIRE! www.mrtz08.wordpress.com

  4. PoeTRY Attitude What Bugs Me When my teacher tells me to write a poem.When my mother tells me to clean up my room.When my sister practices her violin while I’m watching TV.When my father tells me to turn off the TV and do my homework.When my brother picks a fight with me and I have to go to bed early.When my School Principal obliges me to pray in the morning assembly. When English Literature does not pick me when I know the answer. When…. When my teacher asks me to get up in front of the class and read the poem I wrote on the school bus. Don´t Teach; INSPIRE! www.mrtz08.wordpress.com

  5. Figurative Language and other poetic devices • Figurative language • Simile • Metaphor • Hyperbole • Idiom • Personification Don´t Teach; INSPIRE! www.mrtz08.wordpress.com

  6. Figurative Language • Words and phrases that help the reader picture things in a new way. Example: She heard music when he kissed her. Don´t Teach; INSPIRE! www.mrtz08.wordpress.com

  7. Imagery • Words or phrases that appeal to the five senses: sight, hearing, smell, taste, and touch. • Imagery is what helps you paint a picture or imagine what is happening or what the poet is feeling. • Example: The hamburgers sizzled on the grill…… Don´t Teach; INSPIRE! www.mrtz08.wordpress.com

  8. Simile • A comparison of two things using the words like or as. Her smile was bright like the sun! The peach was as delicious as a kiss. My dog is as mean as a snake. Don´t Teach; INSPIRE! www.mrtz08.wordpress.com

  9. Metaphor • A comparison of two things WITHOUT using “as or like” • His face is a puzzle to me, I can never figure out what he is thinking. Don´t Teach; INSPIRE! www.mrtz08.wordpress.com

  10. Personification • Giving an animal or an object human qualities. • My dog smiles at me. • The house glowed with happiness. • The car was irritated when she pumped it full of cheap gas. Don´t Teach; INSPIRE! www.mrtz08.wordpress.com

  11. Tone • The writer's attitude toward his readers and his subject; his mood or moral view. A writer can be formal, informal, playful, ironic, and especially, optimistic or pessimistic. Don´t Teach; INSPIRE! www.mrtz08.wordpress.com

  12. Assonance • Repeated VOWEL sounds in a line or lines of poetry Examples of ASSONANCE: “Slow the low gradual moan came in the snowing.” • John Masefield “Shall ever medicine thee to that sweet sleep.” - William Shakespeare Don´t Teach; INSPIRE! www.mrtz08.wordpress.com

  13. Symbolism • When a person, place, thing, or event that has meaning in itself also representsor stands for something else. = Innocence = America =Peace Don´t Teach; INSPIRE! www.mrtz08.wordpress.com

  14. Idiom • An expression where the literal meaning of the words is not the meaning of the expression. It means something other than what it actually says. • Ex. It’s raining cats and dogs. Don´t Teach; INSPIRE! www.mrtz08.wordpress.com

  15. Hyperbole • Obvious and intentional exaggeration • EX: There are a million people in here! • I could sleep for a year! • I have a ton of homework tonight! Don´t Teach; INSPIRE! www.mrtz08.wordpress.com

  16. No Where Near the End!!! • There is so much more to poetry....we have only scratched the surface..... • Let´s try now, Haiku..your royal majesty coming from the Japanese bamboo and “Jomon-Wo”dynasties. クラブアルク」にご 入会いただくと、を通した新し い学習スタイル「をフルでご利用いただけます。入会金円、年会費円(月あたり円、一年単位)です。 Don´t Teach; INSPIRE! www.mrtz08.wordpress.com

  17. Haiku In ancient times, a Japanese man would court the woman he loved by writing a haiku for her. She would thank him by writing a poem called a tanka for him. Don´t Teach; INSPIRE! www.mrtz08.wordpress.com

  18. Haiku Haiku is one of the most important forms of traditional Japanese poetry. Haiku is a 17 syllable verse form consisting of three metrical units of 5, 7, and 5 syllables. Syllable counts are often ignored when written in other languages, but the basic form of three short lines, with the middle line slightly longer than the other two is usually observed. Don´t Teach; INSPIRE! www.mrtz08.wordpress.com

  19. Haiku -Haiku provides a tiny lens through which to glimpse the miracle and mystery of life. -Haiku is a Japanese form of poetry usually about nature. It has a certain pattern that does not rhyme. It usually describes something in nature like: flowers, trees, animals, seasons & weather. itchy eyes watery and swollen prickly pollen. サイト内検索 Photo by cato; Haiku by joey connolly クラブアルク」にご入会いただくと、Webを通した新しい学習スタイル「をフルでご利用いただけます。入会金円、年会費3,780円(月あたり円、一年単位)です。 Don´t Teach; INSPIRE! www.mrtz08.wordpress.com

  20. Haiku Characteristics 新し • Very Short: just three lines (usually fewer than • twenty syllables long). • Descriptive: most haiku focus sharply on a detail • of nature or everyday life. • Personal: most haiku express a reaction to or • reflection on what is described. • Divided into two parts. The turning point, often • marked by a dash or colon, shifts the • intent from description to reflection or • from close-up to a broader perspective Don´t Teach; INSPIRE! www.mrtz08.wordpress.com

  21. Haiku • The years first day thoughts and loneliness; the autumn dusk is here. 新し Very Short Descriptive Personal Divided into two parts Don´t Teach; INSPIRE! www.mrtz08.wordpress.com

  22. Haiku • Write a haiku based on a particular location in your school. • Use at least one word that you brainstormed on your template. • You may vary from the five-seven-five syllable count, but you must have three lines following the model of short, long, short. • Although haiku do no traditionally have titles, you may title your haiku. Don´t Teach; INSPIRE! www.mrtz08.wordpress.com

  23. Haiku Review: Form • Traditional Japanese Haiku have 17 syllables • Syllable count often ignored in other languages (Include English and Spanish) • Basic form of 3 short lines, with the middle line slightly longer, is usually observed. Don´t Teach; INSPIRE! www.mrtz08.wordpress.com

  24. Haiku Review: Structure • Haiku divide into 2 parts, with a break coming • after the first or second line, so that the poem • seems to separate statements that are related • in some unexpected or indirect way. • Japanese poets use a “cutting word”; Other • poets mark the break with punctuation. • This two part structure prompts a sense of discovery and insight. Don´t Teach; INSPIRE! www.mrtz08.wordpress.com

  25. Haiku Review: Subject • Haiku present a snapshot of everyday experience. • Haiku poets find their subject matter in the world around them. • It usually deals with nature. Peaceful and quiet The children as quiet as Twigs on an oak tree. Don´t Teach; INSPIRE! www.mrtz08.wordpress.com

  26. Do youhaiku? Seesomeexamples…Relate Haiku and pictures a b All I see is white Wind blowing all around me Breaking up silence. ______ Theleavesfellslowly Totheunforgivingground Toosoonsummer´sgone._____ A pond shimmering The sun shines brightly on it In the early dawn._____ c Snow, softly, slowly Settles at dusk in a dance Of white butterflies._____ The trees with no leaves. On a winter day near school. Lonely, sad, dry, trees. _____ e d Don´t Teach; INSPIRE! www.mrtz08.wordpress.com

  27. Syllabication SYLLABICATION: also syllabification. The division of a word into syllables: either phonologically, in terms of speech sounds, or orthographically, in terms of letters. SYLLABLE: The smallest unit of speech that normally occurs in isolation, consisting of either a vowel alone or a combination of vowel and consonant(s) A syllable standing alone is a monosyllable, and may be a word in its own right, as with a, an, big, cat, no, the, yes. A word containing many syllables is a polysyllable or polysyllabic word, such as selectivity and utilitarianism. A disyllable or disyllabic word has two syllables, a trisyllable or trisyllabic word has three. Don´t Teach; INSPIRE! www.mrtz08.wordpress.com

  28. Syllabication • Basic Syllable Rules 1. To find the number of syllables: ---count the vowels in the word, ---subtract any silent vowels, (like the silent "e" at the end of a word or the second vowel when two vowels a together in a syllable) ---subtract one vowel from every dipthong, (diphthongs only count as one vowel sound.) ---the number of vowels sounds left is the same as the number of syllables.The number of syllables that you hear when you pronounce a word is the same as the number of vowels sounds heard. For example: The word "came" has 2 vowels, but the "e" is silent, leaving one vowel sound and one syllable.The word "outside" has 4 vowels, but the "e" is silent and the "ou" is a diphthong which counts as only one sound, so this word has only two vowels sounds and therefore, two syllables. Don´t Teach; INSPIRE! www.mrtz08.wordpress.com

  29. Syllabication 2. Divide between two middle consonants.Split up words that have two middle consonants. For example: hap/pen, bas/ket, let/ter, sup/per, din/ner, and Den/nis. The only exceptions are the consonant digraphs. Never split up consonant digraphs as they really represent only one sound. The exceptions are "th", "sh", "ph", "th", "ch", and "wh". 3. Usually divide before a single middle consonant.When there is only one syllable, you usually divide in front of it, as in: "o/pen", "i/tem", "e/vil", and "re/port". The only exceptions are those times when the first syllable has an obvious short sound, as in "cab/in". Don´t Teach; INSPIRE! www.mrtz08.wordpress.com

  30. Syllabication • 4. Divide before the consonant before an "-le" syllable.When you have a word that has the old-style spelling in which the "-le" sounds like "-el", divide before the consonant before the "-le". For example: "a/ble", "fum/ble", "rub/ble" "mum/ble" and "thi/stle". The only exception to this are "ckle" words like "tick/le". • 5. Divide off any compound words, prefixes, suffixes and roots which have vowel sounds.Split off the parts of compound words like "sports/car" and "house/boat". Divide off prefixes such at "un/happy", "pre/paid", or "re/write". Also divide off suffixes as in the words "farm/er", "teach/er", "hope/less" and "care/ful". In the word "stop/ping", the suffix is actually "-ping" because this word follows the rule that when you add "-ing" to a word with one syllable, you double the last consonant and add the "-ing". Don´t Teach; INSPIRE! www.mrtz08.wordpress.com

  31. Syllabication 1-The word “remainder” has... • six syllables • four syllables • five syllables • three syllables • two syllables Look at this question again..... the word remainder has... 3 syllables. this word has four vowels but the 'i' is silent. that leaves us with three vowel sounds. the number of vowel sounds=the number of syllables. Don´t Teach; INSPIRE! www.mrtz08.wordpress.com

  32. 10The word "wily" is divided • A. wi/lyB. wil/y C. w/i/lyD. can't divide it • 11.The word "remember" is divided... • A. re/memb/erB. rem/em/berC.re/mem/berD. can't divide it • 12.The word "produce" is divided... • A. prod/uceB. pro/duce C.pro/du/ceD. can't divide it • 13.The word "starfleet" is divided • A. starf/leetB. star/fleet C.star/f/leetD. can't divide it • 14.The word "sparkle" is divided • A. spark/le B. spar/kleC.spar/k/le D. can't divide it Syllabication • 5.The word "photocell" is divided... • A.pho/to/cell • B.photo/cell • C.pho/toc/ell • D.can't divide it • 6.The word "ruthless" is • A.ruth/less • B.ru/th/less • C.rut/h/les/s • D.can't divide it • 7.The word "latter" is divided... • A.la/tter • B.latt/er • C.lat/ter • D.can't divide it • 8.The word "sorrow" is divided • A.so/rrow • B.sorr/ow • C.sor/row • D.can't divide it • 9.The word "eternal" is divided • A. e/ter/nalB. et/er/nalC. e/tern/al D. can't divide it Dividing Words into Syllables 1.The word "sportscar" is divided... A.sports/car B.sport/scar C.spor/ts/car D.can't divide it 2.The word "boil" is divided... A.bo/il B.boi/l C.bo/i/l D.can't divide it 3.The word "cowboys" is divided... A.co/wboys B.cow/boy/s C.cow/boys D.can't divide it 4.The word "graveyard" is divided... A.gra/v/yard B.grave/yard C.gra/ve/yard D.can't divide it Don´t Teach; INSPIRE! www.mrtz08.wordpress.com

  33. Circle the word that is correctly divided. 19.pent-a-gon *pen-ta-gon *penta-gon* can't divide 20.pant-hei-sm *pan-theis-m* pan-the-ism* can't divide 21.mer-lin* merl-in* me-rlin* can't divide 22.cy-st* c-yst* cys-t* can't divide 23.ag-nost-ic*a-gnos-tic* ag-nos-tic* can't divide 24.cir-cumvent*cir-cum-vent* ci-rcum-vent* can't divide 25.to-il*toi-l* t-oil* can't divide 26.bib-li-o-phile* bi-bli-o-phile* bib-lio-phile* can't divide 27.by-te* byt-e* b-yte* can't divide 28.am-bi-dext-rous* am-bi-dex-trous* amb-id-ex-trous* can't divide 29.hypo-dermic* hyp-oder-mic* hy-po-der-mic* can't divide 30.con-ste-llat-ion* con-stel-la-tion* constellation* can't divide Syllabication Dividing Words into Syllables 15.The word "antidisestablishmentarianism" is divided... A.anti/dis/establish/ment/a/ri/an/ism B.an/ti/dis/establish/ment/arian/ism C.an/ti/dis/es/tab/lish/ment/a/ri/an/ism D.can't divide it 16.The word "Jesus" is divided A.Jes/us B.Jesus C.Je/sus D. can't divide it 17.The word "Doyle" is divided A.Doy/le B.Do/yle C.Doyl/e D. can't divide it 18. The word “literature” is divided A.li/te/ra/tu/re B.li/te/ra/ture C.lit/er/a/ture D.li/te/rat/ure Don´t Teach; INSPIRE! www.mrtz08.wordpress.com

  34. Syllabication in Haiku Discussions about how to preserve the structure of the haiku have taken place in different arenas. Modern Haiku writers do not agree in writing the haiku with the symmetry of 5-7-5 syllables total 17 syllables. They claimed that Haiku is used to express a specific moment of inspiration about nature rather than following a preestablished pattern. It is fundamental to keep the essence of the Haiku though. In japanese, the rules for how to write Haiku are clear, and will not be discussed in our literature class. In foreign languages, there exist NO consensus in how to write Haiku-poems. Anyway, let's take a look at the basic knowledge: See the red berries Fallen like little footprints On the garden snow. See / the / red / ber / ries5 Syllables Fal / len / like/ lit / tle foot / prints 7 Syllables On / the / gar / den / snow. 5 Syllables Don´t Teach; INSPIRE! www.mrtz08.wordpress.com

  35. Syllabication Temple bells die out The fragrant blossomsremain A perfect evening. _____/_____/_____/_____/_____ 5/Syllables _____/_____/_____/_____/_____/_____/_____ 7 Syllables _____/_____/_____/_____/_____ 5 Syllables Looking for the moonIn a lonely autumn sky- mountain castle lights. _____/_____/_____/_____/_____ 5/Syllables _____/_____/_____/_____/_____/_____/_____ 7 Syllables _____/_____/_____/_____/_____ 5 Syllables Don´t Teach; INSPIRE! www.mrtz08.wordpress.com

  36. haiku/HAIKU Journal STEP 2/ Now, Read and try your own haiku/HAIKU On a fall SundayI was reading a comic bookUntil it fell - Akio Kaneko A thin dog barksat an empty housered camelias gall - Ryo Imagawa There are a lot oflights, voices and music soundsat the summer festival - Gen Fukuyama One day of early springA snowman meltsI drink it The rainy seasonSparrows taking shelterRaindrops,too - Kenjiro HIgashi • STEP 1/ Rules: • 3-short lines • 1-nature word • 1-cutting word • no rhyme or metaphor • (17 syllables, 5-7-5) • To spur your imagination, make a chart of descriptive words that you may want to incorporate into your HAIKU. Fill in a chart with 4 sections, one for each location. Try and write 40 words. What do you like or dislike about the places. In summer one dayWhen the sun shone very brightlyHis eyes were golden - Morishige Nobusato At midnight Night, in winterSeating myself on a chairI awoke at sunrise - H. Nose Don´t Teach; INSPIRE! www.mrtz08.wordpress.com

  37. haiku>Japanese/HAIKU>Other languages Japanese haiku ________________________ __________________________________ ________________________ _____/_____/_____/_____/_____ 5/Syllables _____/_____/_____/_____/_____/_____/_____ 7 Syllables _____/_____/_____/_____/_____ 5 Syllables Otherlanguages HAIKU ______________________________________ ______________________________________ ______________________________________ _____/_____/_____/_____/_____/_____/_____ _____/_____/_____/_____/_____/_____/_____ _____/_____/_____/_____/_____/_____/_____ Don´t Teach; INSPIRE! www.mrtz08.wordpress.com

  38. Descriptive Words • Poets use descriptive words to create the feelings or ideas they wish to express. The leaves trembling and bowing down. Don´t Teach; INSPIRE! www.mrtz08.wordpress.com

  39. Wind is invisible; wind moves WIND MATCH PRACTICEMatch the sentences showing these objects using wind. Q:What are some other words that would show that the wind was blowing? A:GUSTING, WHOOSHING AND BREATHING The kite twirled in the breeze. The windmill rotated slowly. The weather vane was spinning. The sail boat slid over the glassy sea. The balloon floated away in the sky. Don´t Teach; INSPIRE! www.mrtz08.wordpress.com

  40. Descriptive Words SOUND Don´t Teach; INSPIRE! www.mrtz08.wordpress.com

  41. Descriptive Words TOUCH AND TEXTURE Don´t Teach; INSPIRE! www.mrtz08.wordpress.com

  42. Descriptive Words COLOR AND VISUAL QUALITIES Don´t Teach; INSPIRE! www.mrtz08.wordpress.com

  43. Descriptive Words SMELL Don´t Teach; INSPIRE! www.mrtz08.wordpress.com

  44. Descriptive Words PATTERN AND SHAPE Don´t Teach; INSPIRE! www.mrtz08.wordpress.com

  45. Thispresentationwasdesignedby Mr.Mrtz • Ifyouwanttohaveit, pleaseaskhimfor per/mis/sion. • www.mrtz08.wordpress.com Don´t Teach; INSPIRE! www.mrtz08.wordpress.com