slide1 n.
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
Dr. Michael D. Fridley PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
Dr. Michael D. Fridley

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 80

Dr. Michael D. Fridley - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

  • Uploaded on

Smoke is to Fire as STEAM is to . . . ?. Dr. Michael D. Fridley. OACTE, April 12, 2013. S cience T echnology E ngineering M athematics. Sputnik.

I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
Download Presentation

Dr. Michael D. Fridley

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript

Smoke is to Fire as STEAM is to . . . ?

Dr. Michael D. Fridley

OACTE, April 12, 2013







I believe that this nation should commit itself to achieving the goal, before this decade is out, of landing a man on the moon and returning him safely to the earth.

President John F. Kennedy

May 25, 1961


But if I were to say, my fellow citizens, that we shall send to the moon, 240,000 miles away from the control station in Houston, a giant rocket more than 300 feet tall, the length of this football field, made of new metal alloys, some of which have not yet been invented.

President John F. Kennedy

September 12, 1962


We are currently preparing students for jobs that don’t yet exist, using technologies that haven’t been invented, in order to solve problems we don’t even know are problems yet.

Richard Riley

Secretary of Education under President Clinton (quoted by Karl Fisch, Did You Know/Shift Happens 2010 video)

stem focus
STEM Focus
  • 1892
  • The Committee of Ten at Harvard
  • A response to the gaps in the agrarian school system of the 1800s
  • Described the attributes of a good industrial school system that would raise the standards of excellence for modern students

Architecture is "frozen music"… Really there is something in this; the tone of mind produced by architecture approaches the effect of music.

Johann Wolfgang von Goethe


Filippo Brunelleschi, 1377-1446

Portrait in a painting by Massachio


May not music be described as mathematics of the sense, mathematics as music of the reason?

James Joseph Sylvester

19th century English mathematician


Music is a secret arithmetical exercise and the person who indulges in it does not realize that he is manipulating numbers.

Gottfried Wilhelm von Leibniz

17th century German mathematician and philosopher who developed the infinitesimal calculus independently of Isaac Newton and designed a “calculating machine”

the term stem
The Term “STEM”
  • The National Science Foundation
  • SMET
  • Dr. Judith Ramaley
    • Assistant Director of Education and Human Resources, 2001-2004
  • Learning in the context of real-world problems
why stem
  • Economic competition
  • Workforce competition
  • Innovation competition
  • Education competition
no explicit integration
No Explicit Integration
  • Content areas taught separately
  • Connections may be made between disciplines





combining two or more content areas
Combining Two or More Content Areas
  • Using enrichment activities
  • One content area is in service to the other(s)





curriculum shares content from all four disciplines
Curriculum Shares Content from All Four Disciplines
  • Content areas overlap, but still separate
  • Often involving problem-solving projects





one subject is central
One Subject is Central
  • All other content areas serve the central one





according to the national science foundation
According tothe National Science Foundation:
  • The great scientific and technological breakthroughs are expected at the intersection of the disciplines.
curriculum supports understanding in two or more content areas
Curriculum Supports Understanding in Two or More Content Areas
  • Combined curriculum
  • Standards are met in all content areas







fully integrated stem
Fully Integrated STEM
  • The whole is greater than the sum of its parts





stem is a way of thinking that
STEM is a way of thinking that:
  • Focuses on integrating STEM habits
  • Uses Interdisciplinary Facilitation & Assessment
  • Is a dynamic approach to learning
  • Emphasizes problem solving & critical thinking
  • Supports STEM Career readiness

STEM is not a thing, it is an attitude of systematically applying Science, Technology & Math to the real world of engineering, design and problem-solving.

Dr. Randall Peterson

Principal, Eastview High School

stem education i s n ot
STEM education is not:
  • Extra science & math classes
  • Strictly structured curriculum
  • Simply using technology in “non-STEM” courses
  • Only for Talented and Gifted Students
questions to ask
Questions to Ask
  • Is there an agreed-upon definition of STEM education for the stakeholders?
  • Is there an agreed-upon goal for STEM in your context?
  • Are any of the four STEM disciplines integrated in instruction or the curriculum?
what s right for you
What’s Right for You?
  • Coordination
    • Teaching similar topics at the same time
  • Collaboration
    • Theme teaching
    • Discipline based
  • Integration
    • Submersion in a topic with all disciplines recognized equally

All methods may be appropriate at various times


Based on Research & Current Thinking

STEM education should …

  • Integrate STEM disciplines
  • Include authentic experiences
  • Apply technologies
  • Offer multiple pathways for learning
  • Provide deeper learning through critical thinking, problem solving, creativity and innovation
stem schools
STEM Schools
  • No agreed-upon definition
  • More intensive approach to a traditional curriculum
  • Emphasize project-based learning and integrating ideas across disciplines
  • Focus on a particular occupational theme
However . . .

Some schools may add the label without making real changes

Barbara Means

Researcher at SRI International


You get this vast hue and cry for STEM, which is a good thing, but then you have to enact something. A lot of my friends are using the term 'random acts of STEM,' which is a lot of what happens.

Thomas T. Peters

Executive Director of South Carolina's Coalition for Mathematics and Science


All music is folk music. I ain't never heard a horse sing a song.

Big Bill Broonzy

American folk and blues singer

me too ism
Me Too-ism
  • Whole schools are now marketing themselves as STEM institutes, magnets, charters, and academies to attract students and cash in on grant funding that comes with the brand.
more me too ism
More Me Too-ism
  • Every high school in the District had adopted an extra math course.
  • The school hadn't bothered to change the curriculum or teaching styles at all. But henceforth, they would call themselves a STEM school.
  • STEM = CTE
some antidotes to me too ism
Some Antidotes to Me Too-ism
  • CTE programs offer an important instructional approach that strengthens students’ understanding of STEM content and helps attract more individuals into STEM career pathways. (ACTE)
  • At the heart of any STEM program should be courses in which students create products, not just take tests.
more antidotes to me too ism
More Antidotes to Me Too-ism
  • STEM education is equated with innovation.
  • Incorporate a creativity rubric into your project.

The creative scientist needs an artistic imagination.

Max Planck

1918 Nobel Prize winner in Physics and accomplished pianist

  • Dr. Judith Ramaley
  • Advocates for the inclusion of the arts within STEM learning
acronyms i have seen
Acronyms I Have Seen
  • STEM
  • ArtSTEM
  • STEMArts
  • STEM-A
  • iSTEMarts
  • STEMx
  • STE[+a]M
  • oSTEM
  • T-STEM
  • SEED (Social, Economic, and Environmental Design)
joint interim task force on stem access and success hb 4056 report 12 6 12
Joint Interim Task Force on STEM Access and Success (HB 4056) Report, 12/6/12
  • The Task Force also recognizes the critical supporting role played by the arts in developing innovative technologies that capture the imagination of students and consumers alike.
joint interim task force on stem access and success hb 4056 report 12 6 121
Joint Interim Task Force on STEM Access and Success (HB 4056) Report, 12/6/12
  • The Task Force advocates for the role of art education in developing competent STEM graduates.
joint interim task force on stem access and success hb 4056 report 12 6 122
Joint Interim Task Force on STEM Access and Success (HB 4056) Report, 12/6/12
  • STEM is not just about academic learning; it’s about applying technical knowledge in a creative way to solve problems.
joint interim task force on stem access and success hb 4056 report 12 6 123
Joint Interim Task Force on STEM Access and Success (HB 4056) Report, 12/6/12
  • The Task Force acknowledges the critical role played by the arts in developing a well-rounded and competitive STEM workforce.

Scientific Method

Artistic Process

Creative Process

Engineering Design Process

common processes
Common Processes
  • Background
  • Observe
  • Identify a need or problem (Develop an idea)
  • Research
  • Propose a hypothesis/solution
  • Test/create/build
  • Evaluate and refine
  • Communicate
w hy steam
  • Arts education is a key to creativity
  • Creativity is an essential component of, and spurs, innovation
  • Innovation is agreed to be necessary to create new industries in the future
  • New industries, with their jobs, are the basis of our future economic wellbeing

Without the arts, STEM is just a four-letter word.

When Winston Churchill was asked to cut arts funding for the war effort, he asked: “Then what are we fighting for?”


We simply cannot compete in the new economy unless we do something now about creativity and innovation.

Harvey White

Co-founder of both Qualcomm Inc. and Leap Wireless International Inc., he coined the acronym STEAM


The MP3 player wasn't a new thing when the iPod came out, nor was the iPhone the first smart phone. But they were the ones that made you give a damn.

John Maeda

President of the Rhode Island School of Design


I see us as being in the art business – art, entertainment and mobile sculpture, which, coincidentally, also happens to provide transportation.

Robert A. Lutz

General Motors Vice Chairman


From model T Ford to the latest concept car, we see the evolution of technology is as much about aesthetics of the product as its functionality.

National Science Teachers Association

w hy steam1
  • The brain connection
  • The education connection
  • The economic/workforce connection
  • The creativity/innovation connection
  • Other connections
    • Why limit the possibilities?
the brain connection
The Brain Connection
  • Research shows that visual perception and brain wiring are somehow linked
  • The arts combine the three major tools that the mind uses to acquire, store, and communicate knowledge
    • Motor skills
    • Perceptual representation
    • Language

In terms of brain imaging, studies have shown listening to music lights up, or activates, more of the brain than any other stimulus we know.

Istvan Molnar-Szakacs

Neuroscientist at the University of California, Los Angeles (And that’s just listening!)

the education connection
The Education Connection
  • Arts are important to other countries
  • The arts are a way of knowing, a way of thinking, and a way of working
  • Arts and crafts training enhances scientific ability
  • STEAM may be a way to keep kids in school

I believe that arts will play an important role. It is even more important to have an integration in arts and science so people will have the creative and independent thinking.

Wu Qidi

China’s Vice Minister of Education


We have a creative problem in this country.

  • NirmalaSankaran
  • CEO of HeyMath, an Indian-based education company

I cannot imagine MIT without its visual and performing arts component.

  • Dr. Charles Vest
  • President, National Academy of Engineering
  • Learning, real learning, is fun.
  • Pete Seeger
  • American folk singer
the economic workforce connection
The Economic/Workforce Connection
  • Only 30% of new jobs in the U. S. between 1998 and 2004 were routine, algorithmic; 70% involve complex, heuristic tasks
  • Fine motor control and simple manipulative skills taken for granted 50 years ago are today increasingly absent
  • Creativity is the No. 1 “leadership competency” of the future

The game is changing. It isn’t just about math and science anymore. It’s about creativity, imagination, and, above all, innovation.

Business Week Special Report

the creativity innovation connection
The Creativity/Innovation Connection
  • Noncreative thinking is learned
  • Creativity scores on other measures have inched downward worldwide
  • The correlation to lifetime creative accomplishment was more than three times stronger for childhood creativity than childhood IQ

So the idea is to not only give kids the tools to build the things that they can imagine, but to also imagine the world that they can build.


Filmmaker (Caine’s Arcade) and founder of The Imagination Foundation

other connections
Other Connections
  • Nobel laureates in the sciences are seventeen times likelier than the average scientist to be a painter, twelve times as likely to be a poet, and four times as likely to be a musician.
  • Physicians who have musical training are much better able to diagnose patients using chest and abdominal percussion and stethoscopy
what do they have in common
What Do They Have in Common?
  • Thomas Edison
  • Steve Jobs
  • Bill Gates

You cannot solve a problem from the same consciousness that created it. You must learn to see the world anew.

Albert Einstein

Theoretical physicist, 1921 Nobel Prize in Physics

why limit the possibilities
Why limit the possibilities?
  • Dr. Temple Grandin
  • Nikola Tesla
  • Etching, silk screen printing, and photolithography
  • Pace makers and stents

The theory of relativity occurred to me by intuition, and music is the driving force behind this intuition. My parents had me study the violin from the time I was 6. My new discovery is the result of musical perception.

Albert Einstein

Theoretical physicist, 1921 Nobel Prize in Physics


The First Digital Image!

(ca. 1810)

Joseph-Marie Charles Jacquard’s self-portrait in black and silver thread was coded by 10,000 punch cards



Actress and co-inventor of Frequency-Hopping Spread Spectrum


Dr. Alexis Carrel

French surgeon, 1912 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine


Leonardo da Vinci

Study for an angel’s face from The Virgin of the Rocks


For a copy of the famous photo of Albert Einstein playfully sticking his tongue out at a photographer, and guidelines for its use, go to

Albert Einstein, eminent physicist


Running horse

Boxing – at 0:12

PBS video, Seeing Beyond the Human Eye

Upward lightening – beginning to 0:40

Lightening with leader in slow motion at 0:55-2:00

The original film and Part 2 (with quotes)

bills to watch
Bills to Watch
  • HB 2636 – STEM Investment Council
  • HB 3232 – Strategic Investments in Education
  • HB 3272 – STEM Loan Forgiveness Program

OregonSTEM is dedicated to creating access to the most entertaining, engaging, and inspirational Science, Technology, Engineering and Math activities and lessons available.

And, they are presenting the very first Oregon STEM Festival!

thank you
Thank You!

Michael Fridley, Ed. D.

(503) 947-5660