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Dr. Michael D. Fridley

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  1. Smoke is to Fire as STEAM is to . . . ? Dr. Michael D. Fridley OACTE, April 12, 2013

  2. Science Technology Engineering Mathematics

  3. Sputnik I believe that this nation should commit itself to achieving the goal, before this decade is out, of landing a man on the moon and returning him safely to the earth. President John F. Kennedy May 25, 1961

  4. Sputnik But if I were to say, my fellow citizens, that we shall send to the moon, 240,000 miles away from the control station in Houston, a giant rocket more than 300 feet tall, the length of this football field, made of new metal alloys, some of which have not yet been invented. President John F. Kennedy September 12, 1962

  5. We are currently preparing students for jobs that don’t yet exist, using technologies that haven’t been invented, in order to solve problems we don’t even know are problems yet. Richard Riley Secretary of Education under President Clinton (quoted by Karl Fisch, Did You Know/Shift Happens 2010 video)

  6. STEM Focus • 1892 • The Committee of Ten at Harvard • A response to the gaps in the agrarian school system of the 1800s • Described the attributes of a good industrial school system that would raise the standards of excellence for modern students

  7. Architecture is "frozen music"… Really there is something in this; the tone of mind produced by architecture approaches the effect of music. Johann Wolfgang von Goethe

  8. Filippo Brunelleschi, 1377-1446 Portrait in a painting by Massachio

  9. May not music be described as mathematics of the sense, mathematics as music of the reason? James Joseph Sylvester 19th century English mathematician

  10. Music is a secret arithmetical exercise and the person who indulges in it does not realize that he is manipulating numbers. Gottfried Wilhelm von Leibniz 17th century German mathematician and philosopher who developed the infinitesimal calculus independently of Isaac Newton and designed a “calculating machine”

  11. The Term “STEM” • The National Science Foundation • SMET • Dr. Judith Ramaley • Assistant Director of Education and Human Resources, 2001-2004 • Learning in the context of real-world problems

  12. Why STEM? • Economic competition • Workforce competition • Innovation competition • Education competition

  13. No Explicit Integration • Content areas taught separately • Connections may be made between disciplines Technology Science Engineering Mathematics

  14. Combining Two or More Content Areas • Using enrichment activities • One content area is in service to the other(s) Technology Science Engineering Mathematics

  15. Curriculum Shares Content from All Four Disciplines • Content areas overlap, but still separate • Often involving problem-solving projects T M S E

  16. One Subject is Central • All other content areas serve the central one Technology Science Engineering Mathematics

  17. According tothe National Science Foundation: • The great scientific and technological breakthroughs are expected at the intersection of the disciplines.

  18. Curriculum Supports Understanding in Two or More Content Areas • Combined curriculum • Standards are met in all content areas Science and Technology Engineering and Mathematics

  19. Fully Integrated STEM • The whole is greater than the sum of its parts Science Technology Engineering Mathematics

  20. STEM is a way of thinking that: • Focuses on integrating STEM habits • Uses Interdisciplinary Facilitation & Assessment • Is a dynamic approach to learning • Emphasizes problem solving & critical thinking • Supports STEM Career readiness

  21. STEM is not a thing, it is an attitude of systematically applying Science, Technology & Math to the real world of engineering, design and problem-solving. Dr. Randall Peterson Principal, Eastview High School

  22. STEM education is not: • Extra science & math classes • Strictly structured curriculum • Simply using technology in “non-STEM” courses • Only for Talented and Gifted Students

  23. Questions to Ask • Is there an agreed-upon definition of STEM education for the stakeholders? • Is there an agreed-upon goal for STEM in your context? • Are any of the four STEM disciplines integrated in instruction or the curriculum?

  24. What’s Right for You? • Coordination • Teaching similar topics at the same time • Collaboration • Theme teaching • Discipline based • Integration • Submersion in a topic with all disciplines recognized equally All methods may be appropriate at various times

  25. Based on Research & Current Thinking STEM education should … • Integrate STEM disciplines • Include authentic experiences • Apply technologies • Offer multiple pathways for learning • Provide deeper learning through critical thinking, problem solving, creativity and innovation

  26. STEM Schools • No agreed-upon definition • More intensive approach to a traditional curriculum • Emphasize project-based learning and integrating ideas across disciplines • Focus on a particular occupational theme

  27. However . . . Some schools may add the label without making real changes Barbara Means Researcher at SRI International

  28. You get this vast hue and cry for STEM, which is a good thing, but then you have to enact something. A lot of my friends are using the term 'random acts of STEM,' which is a lot of what happens. Thomas T. Peters Executive Director of South Carolina's Coalition for Mathematics and Science

  29. All music is folk music. I ain't never heard a horse sing a song. Big Bill Broonzy American folk and blues singer

  30. Me Too-ism • Whole schools are now marketing themselves as STEM institutes, magnets, charters, and academies to attract students and cash in on grant funding that comes with the brand.

  31. More Me Too-ism • Every high school in the District had adopted an extra math course. • The school hadn't bothered to change the curriculum or teaching styles at all. But henceforth, they would call themselves a STEM school. • STEM = CTE

  32. Some Antidotes to Me Too-ism • CTE programs offer an important instructional approach that strengthens students’ understanding of STEM content and helps attract more individuals into STEM career pathways. (ACTE) • At the heart of any STEM program should be courses in which students create products, not just take tests.

  33. More Antidotes to Me Too-ism • STEM education is equated with innovation. • Incorporate a creativity rubric into your project.

  34. The creative scientist needs an artistic imagination. Max Planck 1918 Nobel Prize winner in Physics and accomplished pianist

  35. TEAMS • Dr. Judith Ramaley • Advocates for the inclusion of the arts within STEM learning

  36. Acronyms I Have Seen • STEM • TEAMS • STEAM • ArtSTEM • STEMArts • STEM-A • iSTEMarts • STREAM • STEAMIE • STEMx • STE[+a]M • oSTEM • STEMM • T-STEM • STEMIE • ST2REAM • CS-STEM • SEED (Social, Economic, and Environmental Design)

  37. STEAM

  38. Joint Interim Task Force on STEM Access and Success (HB 4056) Report, 12/6/12 • The Task Force also recognizes the critical supporting role played by the arts in developing innovative technologies that capture the imagination of students and consumers alike.

  39. Joint Interim Task Force on STEM Access and Success (HB 4056) Report, 12/6/12 • The Task Force advocates for the role of art education in developing competent STEM graduates.

  40. Joint Interim Task Force on STEM Access and Success (HB 4056) Report, 12/6/12 • STEM is not just about academic learning; it’s about applying technical knowledge in a creative way to solve problems.

  41. Joint Interim Task Force on STEM Access and Success (HB 4056) Report, 12/6/12 • The Task Force acknowledges the critical role played by the arts in developing a well-rounded and competitive STEM workforce.

  42. Scientific Method Artistic Process Creative Process Engineering Design Process

  43. Common Processes • Background • Observe • Identify a need or problem (Develop an idea) • Research • Propose a hypothesis/solution • Test/create/build • Evaluate and refine • Communicate

  44. Leonardo da Vinci, 1452-1519 Self-portrait

  45. Why STEAM? • Arts education is a key to creativity • Creativity is an essential component of, and spurs, innovation • Innovation is agreed to be necessary to create new industries in the future • New industries, with their jobs, are the basis of our future economic wellbeing

  46. Without the arts, STEM is just a four-letter word. When Winston Churchill was asked to cut arts funding for the war effort, he asked: “Then what are we fighting for?”

  47. We simply cannot compete in the new economy unless we do something now about creativity and innovation. Harvey White Co-founder of both Qualcomm Inc. and Leap Wireless International Inc., he coined the acronym STEAM

  48. The MP3 player wasn't a new thing when the iPod came out, nor was the iPhone the first smart phone. But they were the ones that made you give a damn. John Maeda President of the Rhode Island School of Design