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Roman Emperors

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  1. Roman Emperors Part II

  2. The Year of 4 Emperors (68 A.D.) • 4 Emperors fight for Rome • You don’t need to know them but just FYI (Galba, Otho, Vitellius, and Vespasian) • Vespasian Wins • Builds Coliseum • Titus • Inaugurates Coliseum • Vesuvius Erupts

  3. 5 Good Emperors • Why good? • 1) Improved ability to govern • 2) Succession without Civil War • 3) All decent men (no Caligula’s or Nero’s)

  4. Nerva (96 A.D. – 98 A.D.) • What you need to know about Nerva

  5. Trajan (98 A.D. – 117 A.D.) • Expands Empire to greatest extent • Wipes out all Dacia (Romania) • Trajan’s Column

  6. Hadrian (117 A.D. – 138 A.D.) • First Emperor to have a beard (facial hair becomes fashion) • Strengthens Rome’s holdings • Hadrian’s Wall (across Scotland and England – it’s still there)

  7. Antoninus Pius (138 A.D. – 161 A.D.) • A big fat lot of nothing

  8. Marcus Aurelius (161 A.D. – 180 A.D.) • Philosopher-King • Plague sweeps empire (20-40% of empire dies) • Population problems • Barbarian invasions • Has son named…

  9. Commodus • NOT one of the good emperors (Marcus Aurelius is the last of the good emperors) • Gladiator (story is false) • Commodus did not murder his father • Rome begins decline Real Commodus Not Real Commodus

  10. Other notables and not so much… • Pertinax (193 A.D.) • Praetorian Guard names him Emperor • Doesn’t pay them so they kill him and auction off the Empire • Bought by…

  11. Didius Iulianus • Emperor until the end of the year when… • Septimius Severus rules • 1st Emperor from Africa (Rome becoming less Roman) • Severus Alexander (225 A.D. – 235 A.D.) • Began giving citizenship away – didn’t have to work to get it • Rome becomes less important, no loyalty • Finally, the coolest name of all…

  12. Pupienus • He didn’t do anything