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Chapter 4. Career Decision-Making. Overview. Importance of knowing how to make good decisions Kinds of decision makers Career decision-making styles Problems in making decisions CASVE cycle Improving decision-making skills. Importance of Good Decision-Making.

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Chapter 4


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    1. Chapter 4 Career Decision-Making

    2. Overview • Importance of knowing how to make good decisions • Kinds of decision makers • Career decision-making styles • Problems in making decisions • CASVE cycle • Improving decision-making skills

    3. Importance of Good Decision-Making • Indicator of our effectiveness in life • Long term implications of some decisions • Others evaluate us by the way we make decisions

    4. Kinds of Decision Makers • Decided • Undecided • Indecisive

    5. Problems in Decision-Making • Personal • Family • Society

    6. Problem-solving Removing a Gap Thinking or processing information 4 steps: CASV Decision-making Broader concept Includes additional steps: E and C revisited Feelings & behaviors Decision-Making vs. Problem-Solving

    7. Pyramid of Information Processing Domains Knowing how I make decisions Knowing about myself Knowing about my options

    8. CASVE Cycle C E A V S

    9. CASVE Cycle Communication Execution Analysis Valuing Synthesis

    10. CASVE Cycle CommunicationIdentifying theproblem - the gap Execution Taking action to narrow the gap AnalysisThinking about alternatives Valuing Prioritizingalternatives Synthesis Generating likely alternatives

    11. CASVE Cycle Communication Execution Analysis Synthesis Valuing

    12. Communication • Becoming aware of the gap • Discomfort becomes greater than fear of change • Assistance sought when resources are inadequate

    13. Communication External demands 1) Event 2) Significant others

    14. Communication Internal states 1) Emotions 2) Avoidance behavior 3) Physiological

    15. CASVE Cycle Communication Execution Analysis Valuing Synthesis

    16. Analysis • Clarify self-knowledge • Clarify occupational knowledge • Understanding how important decisions are typically made • Understanding how thinking influences choices

    17. Analysis Clarify self-knowledge • What do individuals want? • What have individuals learned from their past, their family, tests, etc.? • What are their values, interests, and skills?

    18. Analysis Clarify occupational knowledge • What do individuals know about occupations? • Do individuals have an effective schema for the world-of-work?

    19. Analysis Understanding how important decisions are typically made • Willingness to accept responsibility • Decision-making and learning styles

    20. Analysis Understanding how positive and negative thinking influences career choices • Self-awareness of how thoughts influence feelings and behavior

    21. CASVE Cycle Communication Execution Analysis Valuing Synthesis

    22. Synthesis Avoid missing alternatives, while not becoming overwhelmed with options

    23. Synthesis Elaboration - Identify possible options Crystallization - Narrow potential options to 3-5.

    24. CASVE Cycle Communication Execution Analysis Valuing Synthesis

    25. Valuing A decision made to narrow the gap identified in the Communication phase

    26. Valuing Judge the costs and benefits of each option to: 1) Oneself 2) Significant others, e.g., family 3) Cultural group 4) Community and/or society at large

    27. Valuing Make tentative primary and secondary choices

    28. CASVE Cycle Communication Execution Analysis Valuing Synthesis

    29. Execution Formulate and execute a plan for implementing a tentative choice

    30. Execution Training or education plan for obtaining skills Financial aid options are explored If training or education is not needed, job search begins

    31. Execution Create a plan for reality testing, e.g., full-time, part-time, and/or volunteer work experience, as well as taking courses or training

    32. Execution The individual seeks employment

    33. CASVE Cycle Communication Execution Analysis Valuing Synthesis

    34. Communication Review external demands and internal states • Has the gap been closed? • Have the negative emotions and physiological states improved? • Am I taking action to achieve my goal?

    35. CASVE Cycle Knowing I Need to Make a Choice Knowing I Made aGood Choice ImplementingMy Choice Understanding Myself and My Options Choosing AnOccupation orProgram of Study Expanding andNarrowing My Listof Options

    36. Improving Our Career Decision-Making • Understanding the process • Ongoing process • Finding approach that works for you • Improving your skills • Completing assessment instruments • Use guides/worksheets • Observing other successful decision-makers