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Session 3 orientation to e waste december 2 2013

Implemented by

Session 3

Orientation to E-waste

December 2 , 2013

Rachna Arora

What is e waste
What is E-Waste?

  • Electronic waste or e -waste is any broken or unwanted electrical or electronic appliance.

  • E - waste includes computers, consumer electronics, phones, medical equipments, toys and other items that have been discarded by their original users.

  • E-Waste also include waste which is generated during manufacturing or assembling of such equipments

What is e waste1
What is E-Waste?

WEEE Directive (EU, 2002a)

Electrical or electronic equipment which is waste including all components, sub-assemblies and consumables, which are part of the product at the time of discarding.

OECD (2001)

E-waste is defined as “any appliance sing an electric power supply that has reached its end of life.”

E-waste (Management and Handling) Rules, 2011

E-waste is waste electrical and electronic equipment, whole or in part listed in schedule -1 and scraps or rejects from their manufacturing and repair process, which are intended to be discarded

Exercise what is e waste
Exercise: What is E-Waste?

  • Please state what e-waste comprises of in your understanding

Generation of e waste
Generation of E-Waste

  • Global quantity: approx 20-50 million tonnes (UNEP).

  • Mobile phones: 700 million units (2005)

  • Europe: 8.3–9.1 million tonnes annually

  • US: 2.6 million tonnes annually (2005 - US EPA)

  • India: 0.33 million tonnes (2007, Mobiles, television & computers)

  • Rates of increase: 3-5% globally, 10-12% India.

  • Source: Lead and Cadmium Global impacts through e waste by Ravi Agarwal, Toxics Link

E waste flow




Other Parts

Extractors and Recyclers







E-waste Flow



Auction to Vendors

Exchange with vendor for higher configuration

Vendor Lobby

Working parts to other industries

Scrap Dealer

To other Industries

Toxics in e waste
Toxics in E-waste

Over 1000 materials, many toxic

  • Lead and cadmium in circuit boards;

  • Lead oxide and cadmium in monitor cathode ray tubes (CRTs);

  • Mercury in switches and flat screen monitors

  • Cadmium in computer batteries;

  • Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) in older capacitors and transformers;

  • Brominated flame retardants on printed circuit boards, plastic casings, cables

  • Polyvinyl chloride (PVC) cable insulation - release highly toxic dioxins and furans when burned

Existing recycling recovery operation
Existing Recycling/ Recovery Operation

  • Backyard operation.

  • Women and children employed.

  • Risk awareness non-existent or low.

  • Breaking, acid baths, open burning.

  • High environmental and occupational risks.

Exercise develop training material on e waste basics
Exercise: Develop Training Material on E-waste Basics

  • Divide into 4 groups and develop training material for specific target group:

  • Basics of E-waste including material flow

    • Informal sector

    • Bulk consumers

  • Hazardous substances in e-waste including Environmental and occupation health hazards

    • Individual consumers

    • Regulators

  • Duration 60 minutes Group work