Winds. Different areas of Earth receive different amounts of the Sun’s radiation. This unequal heating of the Earth causes differences in air pressure. Warm , less dense air rises forming an area of low Pressure Cold , dense air sinks and creates an area of high pressure.
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Wind is the movement of air molecules from an area of high pressure to an area of lower pressure
Gaspard-Gustave de Coriolis, 1835
A plane flying from Tierra del Fuego, Argentina directly toward Rio de Janeiro, Argentina would miss its target due to the Coriolis effect. The target location where the plane was headed when it took off has moved with Earth's rotation, so the plane would end up to the left of its original target.
In reality, pilots take the Coriolis effect into account so they do not miss their targets
coriolis (s. hemisphere)
Caused by change in Temperature and elevation