Ballet of the Romantic Era - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Ballet of the Romantic Era

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  1. Ballet of the Romantic Era History of Ballet Culture and Development

  2. Ballet Beginnings The Ballet Comique de la Reine – considered to be the first Ballet Emerged in 15th century Renaissance courts of Italy as a dance interpretation of fencing • Further developed in the French courts from the time of Louis XIV in the 17th century • Reflected in French Vocabulary of Ballet Brought to France by Catherine de Medicis who came from the Italian royal family and became the French queen

  3. Ballet Beginnings

  4. Lingo and Technique • Turn out • 5 Positions • Pointe • Plié • Relevé • Tendu • Jumps • Passé • Pirouette

  5. Classical (1660 – 1830) Began developing technique (jumps, leaps, pirouettes), toe dancing (dancers stood on their toes for moment or two) King Louis XIV established the first Royal Academy of Dance French developed ballet that portrayed story with just movement and expression Very male dominated until the Romantic era Other ballet companies begin to develop, most notably the Russian Imperial Ballet of St. Petersburg • Wore masks, wigs or large headdresses, heeled shoes, corsets, and hoopskirts • Two French dancers shortened their skirts and adopted heelless slippers to display sparkling jumps and beats – discarded their corsets and put on Greek robes to dance in Pygmalion

  6. Classical

  7. Romantic (1830 – 1900) • Emphasis on otherworldly beings • Pointe shoes – floating • White tutu – otherworldly New stage effects such as lighting and wires allowed for supernatural spectacles Introduced with La Sylphidein Paris Sleeping Beauty, Swan Lake, The Nutcracker, Giselle, Faust (The Ballet!) • Supernatural • 1st act – earthly • 2nd act – spiritual world • Grandeur of Parisian ballet spread to other parts of Europe • Denmark • Russia – greatest integrity of Ballet during Romantic period Dominated by Women (Cult of the Ballerina) Coppélia – last Romantic Ballet

  8. Romantic

  9. Neoclassical Ballet (1900 – 1960s) • Used classical technique and positions • More expansive, expressive • Pushed classical boundaries • Wider, more modern spacings

  10. Neoclassical

  11. Contemporary (1900s) • Basic ballet structure • Utilizes many elements of modern • Turn in of the legs • Floor work • Greater range of movement

  12. Contemporary