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The Romantic Era. 1815- 1910. World Events: the 1800’s. Lewis and Clark expedition (1804) Napoleon is exiled (1814) Napoleon returns (1815), but is defeated at waterloo First railroad (England) California Gold rush (1849) Civil war (1861) Battle of Gettysburg (1863)

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world events the 1800 s
World Events: the 1800’s
  • Lewis and Clark expedition (1804)
  • Napoleon is exiled (1814)
  • Napoleon returns (1815), but is defeated at waterloo
  • First railroad (England)
  • California Gold rush (1849)
  • Civil war (1861)
  • Battle of Gettysburg (1863)
  • Sir Arthur Conan Doyle writes first Sherlock Holmes Novel (1887)
  • X-rays discovered (Germany)
  • Plessyv. Ferguson- “separate but equal (1896)
musical characteristics
Musical Characteristics:
  • Increased Chromaticism (use of half steps)
  • Nationalism (expression of one’s country through musical traits)
  • Artistic freedom, experimentation and creativity
characteristics of the romanic era
Characteristics of the Romanic Era
  • Literature and Art were primarily inspired by nature and the supernatural (Think, pair, share... What are three things that are supernatural?)
  • Emotion ruled the arts!
  • Central theme in art and political philosophy
  • Development of national languages and folklore
  • Importance of local customs and traditions
think pair share
Think, pair, share
  • With your neighbor come up with three examples of nationalism you’ve noticed in the U.S.A.
  • Examples can be musical, artistic, political, something you saw on the street, ANYTHING!
  • Using some of the examples you heard in class, write a short response (4-5 sentences) about why you think nationalism is (or is not) important to society.
the symphonic poem
The symphonic poem
  • A symphonic poem is a piece written for orchestra in which the image of a non-musical source is “pictured”
  • German
  • Son of a talented french horn player
  • Received his education from attending his father’s orchestra rehearsals and from orchestra members
  • Originally studied Art and Philosophy, not music
  • Originally wrote in a style similar to the classical composers
  • 3 words?
  • A friend convinced him to let go of the constraints
  • "New ideas must seek new forms"
symphonic poems
Symphonic Poems
  • Depicting a story or subject with music
  • Strauss took this to new heights
  • Brought realism into his compositions
don quixote
Don Quixote
  • A Spanish novel written by Miguel de Cervantes
  • A middle aged man who, inspired by stories decides to help the helpless and destroy the wicked
  • Employs Sancho to help him as his squire
  • Hilarity ensues
don quixote the symphonic poem
Don Quixote the Symphonic poem
  • 45 mins long
  • Written in theme and variations form
  • Cello= Don Quixote
  • Viola= Sancho
  • In the second variation, Don Quixote sees a flock of sheep and perceives them to be an oncoming army
  • What sounds does Strauss use to depict the characters and action? How do you know what’s going on?
  • You are now the composer of a symphonic poem!
  • Write me a SHORT story.
  • Tell me what instruments your characters would be and why (use the instrument wall if you have to!)
  • Tell me how you would “orchestrate” one part of the action
franz schubert
Franz Schubert
  • Country: Austria
  • Only lived 32 years...
  • Started his musical education at age 6
    • Used to practice piano in a warehouse
  • Antonio Salieri took notice...
    • Sent him to a more advanced school in 1804
  • Returned home in 1813 to become a teacher at his father’s school
    • This didn’t last
  • Summer 1818- spent with the Esterhazy’s
    • Their music teacher
franz schubert1
Franz Schubert
  • Had a HUGE social following
    • People would throw lavish parties to perform his music (Schubertiads)
    • He would often play at these as well
  • Fell ill in the 1820’s
  • Was buried next to Beethoven, whom he had admired his whole life.
art song
Art Song
  • Schubert wrote over 600 art songs!
  • Art song: composition for voice and piano, usually sets an independent poem or text
    • Combines poetry and music
  • The poetry in art songs usually had to do with:
    • Love
    • Nature
    • Supernatural
  • When writing an art song composers would create an equal partnership between the Singer and the Piano
  • Art songs were written to be enjoyed at home
  • Schubert was the earliest master of the art song
think pair share1
Think Pair Share
  • Can you think of an example of an American art song where the poetry was written before it was set to music?
the elrking
The Elrking
  • Listen first
  • Think pair share: what do you and your neighbor think this might be about?
  • I Need a:
  • Son
  • Father
  • Elf King
  • Narrator
  • Who rides, so late, through night and wind?It is the father with his child.He has the boy well in his armHe holds him safely, he keeps him warm.
  • "My son, why do you hide your face so anxiously?"
  • "Father, do you not see the Elfking?The Elfking with crown and tail?"
  • "My son, it's a wisp of fog."
elf king
Elf King
  • "You dear child, come, go with me!Very lovely games I'll play with you;Some colorful flowers are on the beach,My mother has some golden robes."
  • My father, my father, and don't you hearWhat the Elfking quietly promises me?"
  • "Be calm, stay calm, my child;The wind is rustling through withered leaves."
elf king1
Elf King
  • "Do you want to come with me, pretty boy?My daughters shall wait on you finely;My daughters will lead the nightly dance,And rock and dance and sing you to sleep."
  • "My father, my father, and don't you see thereThe Elfking's daughters in the gloomy place?"
  • "My son, my son, I see it clearly:There shimmer the old willows so grey."
elf king2
Elf King
  • "I love you so, how charming you are and so fair;And if you're not willing, my power beware!"
  • "My father, my father, he's grabbing me now!The Elfking has done me harm!"
  • It horrifies the father; he swiftly rides on,He holds the moaning child in his arms,Reaches the farm with trouble and hardship;In his arms, the child was dead.
the erlking
The Erlking
  • Now think, pair share... What is this poem about?
  • Who are the characters? Their goals?
the erlking1
The Erlking
  • Tonality: major vs. minor
  • Listen again- with your partner try to determine which sections are major and minor
the erlking2
The Erlking
  • Who is the only character that sings mostly in Major? Why?
  • Schubert uses which compositional technique every time the boy sings “My father, My father?
  • What emotion do we know the son is feeling because of this technique?
  • The piano accompaniment is written to sound like what?
  • How do we know the son and his father have reached their destination at the end?
  • How does Schubert use the following to tell the story:
    • Major, minor (2 pts)
    • Rhythm (2 pts)
    • Sequence (2 pts)
    • Dynamics (2 pts)
    • Spelling and Grammar count! (2pts)
  • Polish
  • Moved to Paris because of an uprising in Poland in 1830
  • All of his compositions have piano
  • Made most of his living as a piano teacher
  • Virtuoso: an individual with outstanding technical skills in music
  • Wrote many pieces in the style of Polish folksongs
  • Blend of classical music and Polish folk music
wagner 1813 1883
Wagner (1813-1883)
  • German
  • His stepfather was an actor and playwright
    • Probably fostered Wagner’s love for Drama
  • Did a lot of his composition and playing by ear
  • Went to Leipzig university where his teacher recognized his talent and refused any payment for lessons
  • Composer
  • Theatre Director
  • Primarily known for his operas (he called them Music Dramas)
  • Always wrote his own lyrics for his operas
  • “total work of Art”
  • Synthesize poetic, visual, musical and dramatic arts with music second to the drama
  • Played a minor supporting role in a political uprising in Germany
  • Warrants were issued for his arrest and he had to flee
  • Spent 12 years in exile
  • During this period he wrote his most famous operas
  • Was able to come back after 12 years
  • Built his own opera house for the performance of his works
  • Bayreuth Festspielhaus
  • Many of his great works were premiered here
  • Still performed there at an annual festival today
  • Musical phrases associated with characters, places, ideas or plot elements.
  • Unite elements of music and drama
  • Erlking
  • Use don quixote symphonic poem
  • Something wagner with leitmotif
  • Slavonic dances (dvorak)
  • Something chopin