Main Idea • Essential Question 7.3 – Age of Jackson WH Why was Jackson so popular with the common man?
Disputed Election of 1824 • Collapse of Federalist Party is complete by 1820. The Democratic-Republican Party splinters in the disputed election of 1824 • Corrupt Bargain (1824 Election) – • John Quincy Adams – • Adams was ultimate Washington insider, with blood lines and experience • Adams wanted to expand US transportation, but was blocked by Congress • Andrew Jackson – • Nicknamed “Old Hickory” because he was tough and never surrendered
Jackson’s New Presidential Style • Voting tripled in election of 1828, since non-land owning white men were granted the right to vote. Jackson overwhelmingly defeats incumbent President Adams • Adams Presidency ends without accomplishment, mostly due to opposition from Jackson • Spoils system – • Kitchen Cabinet – • As President, Jackson had a fiery personality. He was a slave owner, showed no mercy to Native Americans, hated special-interest groups, managed his public image masterfully
Removal of Native Americans • Attitudes varied about how to coexist with Natives Americans • Some wanted to remove them from US territory • Others wanted to convert them to Christianity and absorb them into “white culture” • 5 “Civilized” Tribes – native tribes adopted many aspects of European culture, included: Cherokee, Choctaw, Seminole, Creek and Chickasaw • Sequoyah – • Jackson believed true assimilation into American society was not possible. He didn’t want to use American troops to contain the Natives, so he moved them West of established US states
Trail of Tears • Indian Removal Act – • Worchester v. Georgia - • Jackson ignores ruling , proceeds with migration • Trail of Tears – • Indian territory was barren and undesirable