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What weakened the global power of America after WWII?. Objectives: Explain why the US was so powerful in 1945 Explain why the Global Power of the US was weakened after 1950. Hiroshima: 1945: US Victory. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NF4LQaWJRDg USA seems to dominate East Asia by 1945

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what weakened the global power of america after wwii

What weakened the global power of America after WWII?

Objectives:

Explain why the US was so powerful in 1945

Explain why the Global Power of the US was weakened after 1950

hiroshima 1945 us victory
Hiroshima: 1945: US Victory

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NF4LQaWJRDg

  • USA seems to dominate East Asia by 1945
  • Ultimate loser is Japan who had homeland devastated by bombing.
  • Forced into humiliating occupation by Allied forces
  • America the undisputed winner of WW2
  • Allied with Soviet Russia
  • But by 1950 US was engaged in another war with a client state of the Soviet Union – why?
slide4

6th August 1945: US bomber drops atomic bomb and kills 100,000 people instantly

  • 9th August: another plane bombs Nagasaki 35,000 killed
  • USA the sole master of this weapon
  • Japanese government surrenders: General MacArthur becomes new ruler. Bit like a Roman pronconsul
task what was the relative power of key countries in 1945
Task: What was the relative power of key countries in 1945?
  • Use the country information you have been given.
  • Take a country each – introduce yourself and key facts
  • Decide order of power – rank them in a line
  • Draw a bar graph to demonstrate relative power of each country by 1945
slide7
USSR:
  • Leader: Josef Stalin (Communist Dictator)
  • Allies with USA in WW2
  • Joined the conflict against Japan in closing days of the war and occupied Manchuria and North Korea but was exhausted following war with Germany
  • Total GNP in 1945 only ¼ of USA’s
  • Dependant on loans from the USA to recover from war effort
  • Vast army but strength was not comparable to the US bomber force or Navy
  • No atomic bombs – yet!
china
China:
  • Leader: Chiang Kai-Shek (Nationalist Ruler – Right Wing)
  • Devastated by eight year long struggle with Japan
  • Heavily dependant on US support
  • Corrupt regime under Chiang Kai-shek
  • It’s army had US instructors – almost like a satellite of the US
  • Communists in North-West under Mao Zedong were independent from rest of China – at threat from Communist takeover.
  • But the West and Russia thought Chiang would hold on to power
france
France:
  • Trying to recover from the trauma and defeat of occupation during WW2
  • Uphill struggle to re-impose it’s colonial rule on Vietnam, Laos and Cambodia (Indo-China) after domination by Japan in these areas during WW2 – there is growing resistance against France’s control of these regions
britain
Britain:
  • Leader: Atlee (Labour)
  • Bankrupt from war
  • Desperate for loans from the US
  • Would have to give up parts of it’s empire – had previously possessed vast amounts of Indian Empire and much of trade in Southern China
  • Abandoned India in 1947
  • Scrapped the bulk of it’s navy
  • Decline of Britain creates a power vacuum in which USA can step
slide11
USA:
  • Untouched by bombs and fighting
  • War boosted the economy lifted America out of Great Depression
  • Output of goods grew by more than 50%
  • 2/3 of the world’s gold reserves
  • Turned out more than ½ the world’s manufactured goods
  • 69 army divisions in Europe and 26 in the Pacific
  • Living Standards high
  • 1200 major warships
  • UN based in New York – testimony to level of US dominance
why us power was weakened by 1950
Why US power was weakened by 1950:
  • Defeat of US backed regime in China by the Communists; led by Mao Zedong. Declaration of the People’s Republic of China
  • Formation of a Chinese alliance with the USSR in 1950
  • France struggled to re-gain it’s empire and could not resist Communist/Nationalist forces in Indo-China under Ho Chi Minh
  • Communist inspired demonstrations in Japan which challenged American control
  • Super power Rivalry: USA V USSR
  • Defence spending was cut in 1948; 2 billion lower than the USSR
  • The USSR’s army now totalled 2.6 million while the USA totalled 640,000
  • The USSR built up a strategic bomber force and produced 7000 planes a year; the USA produced 1200
  • In 1949 Russia successfully tested a nuclear bomb at kamchatka
nsc 68
NSC 68
  • Top Secret report on Military strength of US
  • Carried out under orders of Secretary of State Dean Acheson
  • Shocking conclusion that defence spending would need to increase to $50 billion annually from $35 million
  • Truman cautious
guess the question
Guess the Question?
  • Japan
  • Dependant
  • Chiang Kai Shek
  • Instructors
  • Empire
  • Cambodia
  • Loans
  • India
  • Economy
  • New York
homework questions
Homework questions:

Chapter 1 of red textbook.

  • Consolidate pages 1-8
  • Read 9-11.
  • Make notes on Ideologies in the Cold War context: why did some people in West sympathise with Communism?
  • What did the USA Government think about Communist USSR?
  • Chapter 1 of USA in Asia – Overview. Makes notes under each of the key questions