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The Kingdom of Thailand. The Kingdom of Thailand. The Kingdom of Thailand. The Kingdom of Thailand. The Kingdom of Thailand. The Kingdom of Thailand. Geography. Area: 513,115 sq.km. (198,114 sq.mi.) about the size of Texas. Cities: Capital: Bangkok (9 million est.).

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The Kingdom of Thailand


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    1. The Kingdom of Thailand

    2. The Kingdom of Thailand

    3. The Kingdom of Thailand

    4. The Kingdom of Thailand

    5. The Kingdom of Thailand

    6. The Kingdom of Thailand

    7. Geography Area: • 513,115 sq.km. (198,114 sq.mi.) • about the size of Texas. Cities: • Capital: Bangkok (9 million est.). • Chiang Mai, Hat Yai, Nakon Ratchasima Terrain: • Densely populated central plain • Northeastern plateau • Mountain range in the west • Southern isthmus joins land mass with Malaysia.

    8. The Kingdom of Thailand • Situated on the Malay Peninsular and Gulf of Thailand • Divides into four regions: North, Northeast, Central and South • Sharing borders with: • Malaysia on the south • Burma on the west • Lao on northeast and east • Kampuchea on the east. • 3 seasons: • Rainy from July to October • Cool and dry from November to February • Summer from March to June

    9. The Kingdom of Thailand • Situated on the Malay Peninsular and Gulf of Thailand • Divides into four regions: North, Northeast, Central and South • Sharing borders with: • Malaysia on the south • Burma on the west • Lao on northeast and east • Kampuchea on the east. • 3 seasons: • Rainy from July to October • Cool and dry from November to February • Summer from March to June

    10. Geography Climate: Tropical monsoon. People: • Nationality: Thai(s) • Population (1999): 62.7 million. • Annual growth rate: 1.1%. • Ethnic groups: Thai 89%, other 11%. • Religions: Buddhist 95%, Muslim 4%, Christian, Hindu, other. • Languages: • Thai (official language); • English is the second language • Regional dialects.

    11. Geography Education: • Years compulsory - 9 • Literacy--93%. • Health (1996): • Infant mortality rate--6/1,000. • Life expectancy--67.3 yrs. male, 71 yrs. female.

    12. Geography Government : • Type: Constitutional monarchy • Constitution: • New constitution promulgated October 11, 1997.Independence: Never colonized; traditional founding date 1238. • Branches: • Executive--king (chief of state) • Prime minister (head of government) • Legislative--National Assembly (bicameral). • Judicial--three levels of courts; highest is Supreme Court (Sarndika). • Administrative subdivisions: • 76 provinces, including Bangkok municipality, subdivided into 794 districts.

    13. Geography Political parties: • Multi-party system Suffrage: • Universal at 18 Economic: • GDP (1998): $116 billion; (1999 projected): $119 billion • Annual growth rate (1998): -9.4%; (1999, projected): +2% • Per capita income (1998): $1834 • Natural resources: • Tin, rubber, natural gas, tungsten, tantalum, timber, lead, fish, gypsum, lignite, fluorite

    14. Geography Agriculture (11% of GDP): • Products--rice, tapioca, rubber, corn, sugarcane, coconuts, soybeans Industries: • Tourism, textiles, garments, agricultural processing, cement, integrated circuits, jewelry

    15. Geography Trade (1998): • Exports--$53 billion: • textiles and footwear, fishery products, computers and parts, jewelry, rice, tapioca products, integrated circuits, rubber • Major markets--U.S., Japan, Singapore, Hong Kong, EU • Imports--$41 billion: machinery and parts, petroleum, iron and steel, chemicals, vehicles and parts, jewelry, fish preparations, electrical appliances, fertilizers and pesticides. Major suppliers--Japan, U.S., Singapore, Taiwan, Germany, South Korea, EU

    16. Geography People: • Homogeneous : • More than 85% speak Thai/common culture. • Core population: • Central Thai (36%), Thai-Lao (32%), • Northern Thai (8%), Southern Thai (8%) • The largest minorities: • Chinese (about 12% of the population) • Malay-speaking Muslims of the south (3%) • Other groups: the Khmer, the Mon, the Vietnamese. • Smaller, predominantly mountain-dwelling tribes ; Hmong, Karen, and Mein, number about 500,000.

    17. Geography People: • The population is mostly rural, concentrated in the rice-growing areas of the central, northeastern, and northern regions. • Thailand continues to industrialize, its urban population (18% of total population, principally in the Bangkok area), is growing. • Thailand's highly successful government-sponsored family planning program has resulted in a dramatic decline in population growth from 3.1% in 1960 to around 1.1% today

    18. Geography People: • Life expectancy has also risen/a positive reflection of public health education. Education: • Compulsory for a period of 9 years. • Education accounts for 16% GE • 93% of the adult population is literate. Religion: • Theravada Buddhism 90 % - official religion • The government permits religious diversity, and other major religions are represented

    19. The Kingdom of Thailand