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Chapter 11. PTSD, Community Disasters, and Trauma Response. POST TRAUMATIC STRESS DISORDER. Symptoms: Recurring nightmares reexperiencing the event hypervigilance Anxiety sleeplessness numbness dissociation. TWO TYPES. Acute Stress Disorder: Same symptoms but only last 1 month

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chapter 11

Chapter 11

PTSD, Community Disasters, and Trauma Response

post traumatic stress disorder
POST TRAUMATIC STRESS DISORDER
  • Symptoms:
  • Recurring nightmares
  • reexperiencing the event
  • hypervigilance
  • Anxiety
  • sleeplessness
  • numbness
  • dissociation
two types
TWO TYPES
  • Acute Stress Disorder: Same symptoms but only last 1 month
  • Delayed: when situation not dealt with, person uses defenses to cope so symptoms subside until something triggers an acute reaction
precipitating events
Precipitating Events
  • Serving in Combat or Living in a War Zone
  • Suffering Personal or Family Victimization
  • Living Through a Natural Disaster
  • Surviving a Manmade Disaster`
phases of community disaster
Phases of community disaster
  • Heroic phase
  • Honeymoon phase
  • Disillusionment phase
  • Reconstruction phase
interventions
Interventions
  • Allow denial in the beginning
  • Eventually help clients channel floods of feelings into productive avenues for growth
  • Critical Incident and Debriefing: educate about PTSD and help normalize the many symptoms they will experience
  • Empathy is essential
  • EMDR:eye movement desensitization and reprocessing