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Classical Music. Haydn, Mozart & Beethoven. What is Classical Music?. All music older than Mr. Waterman? Does it have something to do with Greco-Roman culture? No to both. Classical technically refers to music from about 1730 to 1815. Piano. Invented in 1700

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Classical music

Classical Music

Haydn, Mozart & Beethoven


What is classical music
What is Classical Music?

  • All music older than Mr. Waterman?

  • Does it have something to do with Greco-Roman culture?

  • No to both.

  • Classical technically refers to music from about 1730 to 1815.


Piano
Piano

  • Invented in 1700

  • Replaces harpsichord and clavichord as favorite keyboard instrument

  • Becomes the instrument of choice for virtuosos


Terminology
Terminology

  • Score – a record of musical notation that indicates every sound to be played by each instrument.

  • Orchestra – instrumental grouping of strings, woodwinds, brass, and percussion.

  • Symphony – an independent instrumental composition for full orchestra.


Haydn
Haydn

  • “Father of the Symphony”

  • Spent 30 years as musical director for Esterhazy family.

    • Two opera theaters

    • Two concert halls

  • Good friends with Mozart

  • Early teacher of Beethoven


Symphony no 94 in g major surprise
Symphony No. 94 in G Major, “Surprise”

What to listen for:

  • Folk-like theme in 2 phrases

  • Loud, crashing chord (the “surprise”) at the end of the first theme

  • Listen for the period string, wind, and percussion instruments


Mozart
Mozart

  • Hands down the greatest musician/composer EVER.

  • Age 3 – Perfect Pitch

  • Age 5 – Master harpsichord player

  • Age 6 – First composition

  • Age 7 – Read, transpose, and harmonize any melody

  • Age 8 – First symphony


Mozart1
Mozart

  • By 18 he had written 34 symphonies, 16 quartets, 5 operas, and over 100 other works

  • No single patron – worked freelance

  • Died at 35 with over 600 compositions to his name


Serenade no 3 in g major k 525 eine kleine nachtmusik
Serenade No. 3 in G Major, K. 525 “EinekleineNachtmusik”

What to listen for:

  • Will sound lighter than Haydn’s work

  • String, chamber music style

  • Quick paced movement with 3 themes

  • Homophonic texture


Requiem in d minor k 626 rex tremendae
Requiem In D Minor, K 626Rex Tremendae

  • Requiem – Funeral Mass

  • Commissioned while Mozart was trying to finish two other pieces

  • He died while writing it, but his student had enough information to finish it


Beethoven
Beethoven

  • Born in Germany

  • Moved to Vienna at 17

  • Trained with Haydn

  • Numerous patrons

  • Constantly fell in love with upper class ladies

  • Never married

  • Started to go deaf in 1802

  • Died in 1827


Piano sonata no 14 moonlight
Piano Sonata No. 14“Moonlight”

What to listen for:

  • Delicate character of melody

  • Singing quality of the piano

  • Continuous melody


Symphony no 5 in c minor
Symphony No. 5 in C minor

  • One of the most popular and well-known compositions ever.

  • Written while in Vienna, which was occupied by Napoleon’s troops.


Symphony no 9 in d minor ode to joy
Symphony No. 9 in D Minor, “Ode to joy”

  • Adopted as the Theme for Europe

  • Transition piece from Classical to Romantic

  • Beethoven was deaf when he wrote it

  • While deaf, he conducted it at the premiere


Egmont overture
Egmont Overture

Free Write

As you watch and listen to this piece of music describe what you are hearing in as much detail as possible. You may write about the timbre (instruments), tempo, texture, emotion, or any other aspect of the music.


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