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Middle East and South Asia: How separate are they?

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Middle East and South Asia: How separate are they?. They are regions of Asia …. Caucasus Iraq West Cent Asia Iran Tarim Basin Altai Moutains Gobi Desert Mongolia-Amur North China Hindu Kush Indus Basin Ganga Basin Burma to Vietnam.

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they are regions of asia
They are regions of Asia …

CaucasusIraqWest Cent AsiaIranTarim BasinAltai MoutainsGobi DesertMongolia-AmurNorth ChinaHindu KushIndus BasinGanga BasinBurma to Vietnam


… and more broadly, of Afro-Eurasia (the world region that Marshall Hodgson considers the vast historic homeland of what he calls “Islamicate cultures”).


Early urban civilization sites at Harappa (Indus Valley, now in Pakistan) were connected by trade and migration to Mesopotamia and Mediterranean Basin

Many routes of mobility well documented and influential across Afro-Eurasia by 1500 were alive and well 2000 years earlier …

Routes interconnected regions of Afro-Eurasia by land and sea. They carried all the elements of culture in various directions.

Ancient silk roadand Marco Polo’s route

spread of buddhism 300bce 300ad

<==Spread of Buddhism: 300BCE-300AD

Spread of Black Plague, circa 1300

Alexander the Great followed trade routes to India, fought and lost battles in the Hindu Kush, and died in retreat in Iran
he lost to mauryan armies dispatched from the eastern imperial heartland of the ganga river basin
He lost to Mauryan armies dispatched from the eastern imperial heartland of the Ganga River basin.

India’s first empire marched west in the 4th century BC … as Alexander marched west … The Mauryan Empire rose on the eastern Ganga edge of routes extending across Iran to the Mediterranean … marked by competitors for territorial control over routes of mobility.

empire in south asia was always a moveable feast

Empire in South Asia was always a moveable feast,

moving along routes of trade and cultural exchange …


… and compelled substantially by nomadic warrior-herder-merchants who migrated to conquer settled sites of intensive agricultural development – dependent on river water supplies – along routes of trade and cultural mobility in one vast differentiated region of Afro-Eurasia … always connected to the Middle East.