Physical Geography Middle East - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Physical Geography Middle East

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  1. Physical Geography Middle East

  2. Landforms • Afghanistan • Hindu Kush mountains separate Middle East from South Asia (Pakistan) • Only way through is by the Khyber Pass

  3. Landforms • Iran • Much of Iran is covered by a plateau and encircled by high mountain ranges

  4. Landforms • Turkey • Tallest Mountain peak is Mt. Ararat

  5. Landform • Arabian Peninsula • Mostly covered by the Arabian Desert

  6. Bodies of Water • Red Sea • Has been one of the busiest waterways since the opening of the Suez Canal in 1869

  7. Bodies of Water • Persian Gulf • Serves as a strategic waterway for Kuwait, Iraq, Iran • Source of Conflict during the Gulf War in the early ‘90s

  8. Rivers • Tigris and Euphrates • Empties into the Persian Gulf • Home of Mesopotamia • Creates an Alluvial plain in Iraq flat land

  9. Climate • Middle East has an arid climate (Very dry) • 129 Degrees in some areas Rain water collects in Wadis

  10. Natural Resources • Fossil Fuels • Oil (Petroleum) and Natural Gas • Largest deposit of Oil is in the Persian Gulf • Saudi Arabia, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, and UAE hold more than 50% of the World’s oil • FYI: Petroleum is also used in plastics, rubber, and certain cloth fabrics (acrylic, nylon, polyester, spandex)