Preview Skimming楊乃冬 老師FE 2007F Cf. Anne Dye Philips & Peter Elias Sotiriou, (1996). Steps to Reading Proficiency, 4th Ed., Wadsworth, Thomson.
Preview Skimming • Why? • Arouse interest • Prove what you know • Increase comprehension • Double reading rate
Preview Skimming • How to (book, article): • Title, source • Subheads • Graphics • Difficulty • Structure • Ask or find questions
Checklist of symptoms Do you often • Miss the last items in a test because you never turned the page over? • Start studying a textbook chapter at midnight without realizing it’s seventy-five pages long? • Think your paperback dictionary is incomplete because you never noticed the separate lists at the end? • Ignore completely the table of contents and other front matter of your textbooks? • Mistake a novel for nonfiction because you didn’t read the back cover?
Previewing You will learn to check everything out before starting to read or study Previewing is the first step to increase your reading comprehension and your reading rate or speed.
Preview Skimming • How to preview skim—in general • How to preview a book • How to preview an article or other short work • Summary
How to preview skim—in general • Time yourself • Consciously direct your eyes to certain key areas only: • Title, subtitle, photos or graphs • Lead (short summary in italics or large print at beginning), introduction or beginning • Author, his/her credentials. Date and source (when and where published)
How to preview a book • Assigned novel: • Preview from beginning to end • Read the first chapter carefully • Read with care the beginnings and the endings of the following chapters • Read carefully the last chapter • Course textbook: • It is absolutely essential that you preview skim any textbook before studying in it! • Previewing the textbook: - 2-minute standing skim - Tell a friend
How to preview an article or other short work • Focus on • The beginning • Graphics • Major divisions • The ending
Summary: PIF • PIF: “Preview It First” • Introduce you to the length, content, and structure of a work • Let you see the big picture • Has to be systematic and thorough
Practice • Do exercise 2 • Do exercise 3 • Exercise 1: Preview your reader
Answers to Exercise 2 • Nonfiction • Physics and ideas about time and the universe • Carl Sagan, Albert Einstein, Galileo Galilei, Isaac Newton, Stephen W. hawking
Previewing longer passages • Preview for only a few seconds • Read the title • Decide what kind of text it is • Look at the length and organization of the passage • Notice if there are maps, pictures, charts, names, dates, or numbers • Look at the first line or sentence of each paragraph and the last sentence of the final paragraph Do Exercise 3
Answers to Exercise 3 • In a newspaper or magazine • Sao Paulo, Brazil • A two-year-old girl • She fell out of a fifth-floor window. • Three men caught her.
Exercise 1 • Preview your reader • Talk with your partner