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mr viroon thongpila l.
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Skimming & Scanning

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  1. Mr. Viroon Thongpila E.I.E.2 Reading subject M.2 Skimming & Scanning Saint Gabriel’s College

  2. Skimming The technique you use when you're going through a newspaper or magazine: you read quickly to get the main points, and skip over the detail. It's useful to skim: - to preview a passage before you read it in detail - to refresh your understand of a passage after you've read it in detail.

  3. Skimming Skimming is used to quickly identify the main ideas of a text. When you read the newspaper, you're probably not reading it word-by-word, instead you're scanning the text. Skimming is done at a speed three to four times faster than normal reading. People often skim when they have lots of material to read in a limited amount of time.

  4. Skimming Use skimming when you want to see if an article may be of interest in your research. There are many strategies that can be used when skimming. Some people read the first and last paragraphs using headings, summarizes and other organizers as they move down the page or screen. You might read the title, subtitles, subheading, and illustrations.

  5. Skimming Consider reading the first sentence of each paragraph. This technique is useful when you're seeking specific information rather than reading for comprehension. Skimming works well to find dates, names, and places. It might be used to review graphs, tables, and charts. …………………………….

  6. Scanning The technique you use when you're looking up a name in the phone book: you move your eye quickly over the page to find particular words or phrases that are relevant to the task you're doing. It's useful to scan parts of texts to see if they're going to be useful to you: the introduction or preface of a book the first or last paragraphs of chapters the concluding chapter of a book.

  7. Scanning Scanning is a technique you often use when looking up a word in the telephone book or dictionary. You search for key words or ideas. In most cases, you know what you're looking for, so you're concentrating on finding a particular answer. Scanning involves moving your eyes quickly down the page seeking specific words and phrases. Scanning is also used when you first find a resource to determine whether it will answer your

  8. Scanning questions. Once you've scanned the document, you might go back and skim it. When scanning, look for the author's use of organizers such as numbers, letters, steps, or the words, first, second, or next. Look for words that are bold faced, italics, or in a different font size, style, or color. Sometimes the author will put key ideas in the margin.

  9. Checked your understanding Read these stories and answer the questions. 1.The moon has one sixth the gravity of Earth. Everything weighs six times less on the moon. One woman weighs 120 pounds on Earth but on the moon, she would weigh only 20 pounds. She could jump higher on the moon than she could on Earth. A blue whale weighs 150 tons. If a blue whale could go to the moon, it would weigh just 25 tons.

  10. What is your answer? 1. The story mainly tells a. how to get to the moon b. about weigh differences on Earth and the moon c. what a woman weighs on the moon d. how much a blue whale weigh

  11. Checked your understanding 2. Thurgood Marshall believed in equal rights under the law. For many years he worked at the lawyer for the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People. He won many Supreme Court cases. In 1967 he became the first African American on the Supreme Court. Judge Marshall spent his life fighting for the rights of all American.

  12. What is your answer? 2. The story mainly tells a. that Marshall became a lawyer b. about a man who believed in equal rights c. about the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People d. about how to become a Supreme justice

  13. Checked your understanding 3. The Dead Sea is not really a sea. It is a large lake. The Dead Sea lies between Israel and Jordan. It is the lowest place on Earth. The surface is 1,292 feet below sea level. The water is very salty. It’s saltier than ocean water. It is called the Dead Sea because fish can’t live in the salty water.

  14. What is your answer? 3. The story mainly tells a. about salt water b. where the Dead Sea is located c. about fishing in the Dead Sea d. about a sea that is really a lake

  15. Checked your understanding 4. The world’s greatest traveler is the Arctic tern. This bird migrates from one end of the Earth to the other. It flies from the Arctic to the Antarctic and back each year. The round trip is about 23,600 miles.

  16. What is your answer? 4. The story mainly tells a. how an Arctic tern looks b. about animal movement c. about the migration of the Arctic tern d. about the Arctic tern’s nest

  17. Checked your understanding 5. John Walker was a British chemist and inventor. Walker mixed some chemicals with a stick then he scraped the stick on the floor to remove the chemicals. As he scraped the stick, it burst into flames. This gave Walker the idea of making matches. Walker’s matches were first sold in 1827.

  18. What is your answer? 5. The story mainly tells a. how matches were invented b. what chemicals are used to make matches c. about match safety d. about chemical safety

  19. Thank You ! Saint Gabriel’s College