Matakuliah : G0794/Bahasa Inggris Tahun : 2007 Reading - SkimmingMeeting 12
Contents • Reading strategies • Skimming for the main idea • Finding the gist in the reading text.
Skimming Skimming refers to the process of reading only main ideas within a passage to get an overall impression of the content of a readingselection.
How to Skim: * Read the title. * Read the introduction or the first paragraph. * Read the first sentence of every other paragraph. * Read any headings and sub-headings. * Notice any pictures, charts, or graphs. * Notice any italicized or boldface words or phrases. * Read the summary or last paragraph.
Techniques • Run your eyes down the middle of the text page. • Zero in on the facts you need.
Techniques • Skim from the top left-hand corner to the bottom right-hand corner of the page. • Then skim from the top right-hand corner to the bottom left-hand corner.
Strategies • Purpose "What do I need to find out?" Be aware of your purpose in research before you start reading.
Strategies 2. Efficiency • You can’t read everything on a topic, so develop efficient reading skills – good reading speed and good comprehension.
Strategies This is a quick reading or skimming of certain sections: the opening paragraph, the first sentence in a paragraph, sub headings and the final paragraph of the article.
Strategies Let your eyes roam down the page, concentrating on the centre section, searching for important words or key terms. " Train your eyes to roam down the page reading and anticipating groups of words. Practise moving your hand or finger down the page to train your eye to move more quickly.
Strategies 3. Selecting Don’t read one word at a time. The rate of skimming should be at least twice as fast as your normal reading. Vary your reading rate to suit your purpose and type of text. Slow skim information that looks important to select and take notes or fast skim information that is not relevant.