Burgeoning prospects for waste to energy in the united states
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“Burgeoning Prospects for Waste-to-Energy in the United States”. Ted Michaels President Energy Recovery Council March 10, 2010. What is Waste-to-Energy?.

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Burgeoning prospects for waste to energy in the united states l.jpg
“Burgeoning Prospects for Waste-to-Energy in the United States”

Ted MichaelsPresidentEnergy Recovery CouncilMarch 10, 2010


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What is Waste-to-Energy? States”

Waste-to-Energy is a specially designed energy generation facility that uses household waste as fuel and helps solve some of society’s big challenges

Municipal Solid Waste 1 ton

Power: up to 750 kWh

Metal: 50 lbs

Ash: 10% of original volume


Slide3 l.jpg

Converting Waste Into Clean Renewable Power States”Helps Solve Three of the Nation’s Biggest Challenges

Green Jobs

- A new facility creates $1 Billion of economic activity

Clean, Renewable Energy

- 500,000 tons of MSW per year = 400,000,000 kWh

Climate Change

- One ton of trash avoids one ton of CO2 eq.


Waste to energy playing a significant roll l.jpg
Waste-to-Energy States”Playing a Significant Roll


Renewable energy l.jpg
Renewable Energy States”

  • U.S. EPA states that Waste-to-Energy “produces electricity with less environmental impact than almost any other source”

  • 25 States and the federal government defined Waste-to-Energy as renewable

  • The United States must utilize all renewable sources to reach its goals

    • Waste-to-Energy produces up to 750kWh per ton while landfill gas produces 65 kWh per ton

    • Waste-to-Energy complements other renewable sources

      • 24 hours per day, 7 days per week

    • Fewer fossil fuels burned: 1 ton of waste ~¼ ton of coal or ~1 barrel of oil

  • A new 1,500 ton/day facility = 50 MW electricity


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Environmentally Sustainable Waste Disposal States”

  • EPA’s MSW Hierarchy places Waste-to-Energy above landfill for disposal for post-recycled waste

  • Waste-to-Energy reduces Greenhouse gases

    • Every ton of waste processed avoids one ton of CO2 equivalent

  • Waste-to-Energy reduces the volume of waste by 90%

    • Extends the life of the landfills

    • Reduces future long haul transportation


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Waste-to-Energy Facility States”

Reducing the Volume of Waste & Saving Space in the Landfill while Generating Clean, Renewable Energy

13,000 KWh generated

90% volume reduction

OUT

10 cubic yards

of (inert) ash

IN

100 cubic yards

of waste


Environmental performance waste to energy l.jpg

Fact: “The performance of the MACT retrofit has been outstanding.” USEPA 8/10/2007

Environmental Performance Waste-to-Energy

False: “The EPA requires incinerators “to use the best control technologies,” but unfortunately, the best control technology is a poor technology and ineffective of removing the toxins from an incinerators emissions.”

http://sierraclubmass.org/issues/conservation/zw/incineration.html


Environmental performance waste to energy climate change l.jpg
Environmental Performance outstanding.” USEPA 8/10/2007Waste-to-EnergyClimate Change

False: “As a source of energy, burning trash produces more global warming CO2 than natural gas, oil, or even coal.” http://www.sierraclubmass.org/issues/legislative/incineration.htm

Waste Not, Want Not

Ted Michaels, Energy Recovery Council

April, 2009

Fact: The IPCC, in its 2007 4th Assessment Report (Synthesis Report, Table 4.2), calls

waste incineration with energy recovery a key waste mitigation technology.


Environmental performance of waste to energy climate change l.jpg
Environmental Performance of Waste-to-Energy outstanding.” USEPA 8/10/2007Climate Change


Waste to energy is compatible with recycling l.jpg
Waste-to-Energy outstanding.” USEPA 8/10/2007is Compatible with Recycling

Waste-to-Energy and recycling are complementary parts of an integrated waste management program.

  • 2009 report conducted by Eileen Berenyi of Governmental Advisory Associates

    • Actual recycling rate of WTE communities (33.2%) is greater than the national average (28.5% calculated by BioCycle/Columbia University)

    • Recycling rates of Massachusetts communities served by Waste-to-Energy plants are higher than state average (MA DEP data).


International perspective l.jpg
International Perspective outstanding.” USEPA 8/10/2007

  • Europe

    EU Landfill Directive

    65% reduction in landfilling of biodegradable Municipal Solid Waste

    Currently over 400 Waste-to-Energy Facilities

    2008 study estimated an additional 100 new facilities by 2012

  • China

    Target 30% Waste-to-Energy by 2030

    Preferential feed-in electricity tariff

  • Kyoto Protocol

    Recognizes Waste-to-Energy as an eligible offset in CDM protocol

  • Davos Report—The World Economic Forum

    Identifies eight emerging clean energy sectors including wind, solar and Waste-to-Energy.


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International Perspective outstanding.” USEPA 8/10/2007


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Legislative Recognition outstanding.” USEPA 8/10/2007

  • Congress has provided incentives waste-to-energy in key ways:

  • Section 45 Renewable Energy Production Tax Credits

  • Federal Government Renewable Purchasing Program

  • Congressional proposals to establish Renewable Energy Standard (RES)

  • Congressional proposals to establish a cap-and-trade program and hold WTE harmless


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Waste-to-Energy Attractiveness outstanding.” USEPA 8/10/2007

  • Factors that are making local governments look at WTE:

  • Energy Prices

  • Metal Recovery

  • Renewable incentives

  • Net-GHG reducer

  • Long-term price stability

  • Control over waste stream


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Waste-to-Energy Growth Opportunities outstanding.” USEPA 8/10/2007

WTE Expansions

Lee County, FL

Hillsborough County, FL

Olmsted, MN

Pope-Douglas, MN

Honolulu, HI

Hempstead, NY

Greenfield Projects

Frederick County, MD

Harford County, MD

West Palm Beach, FL

Los Angeles, CA

York-Durham, ON

Chester County, SC

Elbert County, GA

Cleveland, OH

Milwaukee, WI

Taunton, MA

Fall River, MA


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Summary outstanding.” USEPA 8/10/2007

  • Why are the Prospects for WTE Burgeoning in the United States?

  • Policymakers are looking for renewable energy sources that reduce greenhouse gas emissions and reduce dependence on fossil fuels.

  • Dependable and long-term solutions for municipal solid waste disposal remains a paramount concern for local governments.

  • Higher energy revenues, metals recovery, renewable incentives, and decades of operational efficiency have made waste-to-energy more cost-competitive.

  • High price of transportation fuel coupled with increased distance to new landfills makes landfilling more expensive.


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For More Information: outstanding.” USEPA 8/10/2007

Ted Michaels

President

Energy Recovery Council

1730 Rhode Island Avenue, NW Suite 700

Washington, DC 20036

202-467-6240

tmichaels@energyrecoverycouncil.org

www.energyrecoverycouncil.org