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Unit 3: Post-Classical Age. 600 C.E. – 1450 C.E. . Tabs. 3.1 Communication & Exchange Networks 3.2 State Forms & Interactions 3.3 Increased Productive Capacity & Its Consequences . 3.1 Communication & Exchange Networks.

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unit 3 post classical age

Unit 3: Post-Classical Age

600 C.E. – 1450 C.E.

slide2
Tabs
  • 3.1 Communication & Exchange Networks
  • 3.2 State Forms & Interactions
  • 3.3 Increased Productive Capacity & Its Consequences
3 1 communication exchange networks
3.1 Communication & Exchange Networks
  • Improved transportation technology & commercial practice increased volume of trade; expanded geographic range of existing and newly-active trade networks.

A. Existing trade flourished

      • Silk Road
      • Mediterranean
      • Indian Ocean
      • Trans-Sahara
3 1 communication exchange networks1
3.1 Communication & Exchange Networks

B. The growth of interregional trade dependent on new technology, including more sophisticated caravan organization; use of the compass, astrolabe, and larger ship designs in sea travel; and new forms of credit and monetization.

C. Commercial growth: state practices, trading organizations, and state-sponsored commercial infrastructures(Grand Canal, China)

  • Coins, paper money
  • Hanseatic League
3 1 communication exchange networks2
3.1 Communication & Exchange Networks

E. The expansion of empires facilitated Trans-Eurasian trade and communication as new peoples were drawn into their conquerors' economies and trade networks.

  • China (Tang, Song, Yuan)
  • Byzantine Empire
  • Muslim Caliphates (Abbasid, Umayyad)
  • Mongol
3 1 communication exchange networks3
3.1 Communication & Exchange Networks

II. Migration = linguistic & environmental effects

  • Deforestation; soil erosion; flooding
  • Migration Bantu-speaking peoples transmit iron & agricultural techniques in Sub-Saharan Africa
  • Polynesians cultivate plants & domesticate animals as they move to new islands
  • Spread of Bantu and Swahili language
3 1 communication exchange networks4
3.1 Communication & Exchange Networks

III. Cross-cultural exchange intensified new networks of trade & communication

      • Islam develops in Arabian peninsula
      • Muslim rule expands to Afro-Eurasia
      • Islam spread through missionaries & merchants
      • Cultural diffusion w/ diasporic communities
  • Writings of travelers illustrate intercultural knowledge
      • Ibn Battuta & Marco Polo
3 1 communication exchange networks5
3.1 Communication & Exchange Networks

B. Cultural Diffusion through trade & interaction

  • Neoconfucianism & Buddhism in E. Asia
  • Ancient Greek & Indian text on Muslim scholars
  • Spread of printing & Gunpowder from E. Asia
  • Spread of new foods & disease (Black Death)
3 2 state forms interactions
3.2 State Forms & Interactions
  • Empires collapsed; new states emerged
      • Byzantine Empire; Sui,Tang, Song (China)
      • Mongol Khanates
      • Feudalism (Europe & Japan)
      • Abbasid & Umayyad Caliphates
      • China influenced surrounding states
  • Technology & Cultural Transfer
    • Crusades
    • Mongol Empire
3 3 increased productive capacity its consequences
3.3 Increased Productive Capacity & Its Consequences
  • Agriculture & Industrial Production
      • Improved terracing
      • Chinampa field system
      • Expanded production of textiles & porcelin
      • Iron & Steel production expanded
  • Periods of decline & increased urbanization
      • Invasion, disease, decline of agriculture production
      • Safe/reliable transport, rise of commerce
3 3 increased productive capacity its consequences1
3.3 Increased Productive Capacity & Its Consequences

II. Labor Organization

      • Guilds
      • Coerced labor: Serfdom, mita
  • Largely Patriarchal Societies
      • Women had more power among Mongols, W. Africa, Japan, &SEAsia.
      • Diffusion of Buddhism, Christianity, Islam led to change in gender and family structure