slide1 l.
Download
Skip this Video
Download Presentation
GENDER AND MENTAL ILLNESS

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 23

GENDER AND MENTAL ILLNESS - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 145 Views
  • Uploaded on

GENDER AND MENTAL ILLNESS. RECENT CHANGES. VAST CHANGE IN SOCIAL ROLES 2/3 OF MARRIED WOMEN WORK 60% OF WOMEN WITH SMALL CHILDREN WORK (19% IN 1960) TWO INCOME FAMILIES NORMAL. QUESTIONS. DO WOMEN OR MEN HAVE MORE MENTAL ILLNESS? DO MEN AND WOMEN HAVE DIFFERENT TYPES OF M.I.?

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'GENDER AND MENTAL ILLNESS' - miriam


Download Now An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
recent changes
RECENT CHANGES
  • VAST CHANGE IN SOCIAL ROLES
  • 2/3 OF MARRIED WOMEN WORK
  • 60% OF WOMEN WITH SMALL CHILDREN WORK (19% IN 1960)
  • TWO INCOME FAMILIES NORMAL
questions
QUESTIONS
  • DO WOMEN OR MEN HAVE MORE MENTAL ILLNESS?
  • DO MEN AND WOMEN HAVE DIFFERENT TYPES OF M.I.?
  • HOW IS GENDER RELATED TO THE TREATMENT OF MENTAL ILLNESS?
gender
GENDER
  • BOTH BIOLOGY AND PSYCHOLOGY FOCUS ON GENDER AS CONSTANT PROPERTY OF INDIVIDUALS
  • BIOLOGY - PHYSIOLOGY, HORMONES, REPRODUCTION, ETC.
  • PSYCHOLOGY - DIFFERENCES IN PSYCHOLOGICAL ORIENTATIONS
sociological
SOCIOLOGICAL
  • DISTRESS ARISES OUT OF ROLES NOT PSYCHOLOGY OR BIOLOGY
  • POWER, RESOURCES, AUTONOMY ASSOCIATED WITH MALE ROLES
  • OPPOSITE WITH FEMALE ROLES
social roles
SOCIAL ROLES
  • WOMEN IN TRADITIONALLY MALE ROLES HAVE LESS DISTRESS
  • MEN IN TRADITIONALLY FEMALE ROLES HAVE MORE DISTRESS
  • MEN AND WOMEN IN SAME ROLES WILL HAVE SAME DISTRESS
cultural expectations
CULTURAL EXPECTATIONS
  • NOT JUST ROLES BUT EXPECTATIONS OF MEN AND WOMEN IN ROLES
  • UNEMPLOYED MAN VS. HOUSEWIFE
  • POWERFUL MAN VS. WOMAN
  • DISTRESS FROM COMBINATION OF ROLES + EXPECTATIONS
social roles gove
SOCIAL ROLES (GOVE)
  • RATES OF M.I. HISTORICALLY SPECIFIC NOT UNIVERSAL - CHANGE OVER TIME AS ROLES CHANGE
  • BEFORE WWII - WOMEN’S ROLES VALUED
  • RELATIVELY EQUAL RATES OF M.I.
  • AFTER WWII - HOUSEWIVE ROLE
after wwii
AFTER WWII
  • HOUSEWIVE ROLE IS FRUSTRATING, UNDEMANDING, UNREWARDED
  • WORKING WOMEN FACE ROLE OVERLOAD AND DISCRIMINATION
  • UNCLEAR EXPECTATIONS
predictions
PREDICTIONS
  • MARRIED WOMEN HAVE MORE DISTRESS THAN MARRIED MEN
  • SINGLE MEN AND WOMEN EQUAL
marriage and distress
MARRIAGE AND DISTRESS
  • SINGLE MEN AND WOMEN EQUAL
  • MARRIED MEN < MARRIED WOMEN
  • IMPORTANCE OF ROLES
distress work and marriage
DISTRESS, WORK AND MARRIAGE
  • HOUSEWIVES > DISTRESS THAN WORKING WOMEN
  • WORKING WOMEN > WORKING MEN
  • ROLE OVERLOAD
  • UNEMPLOYED MEN WORST
roles are important
ROLES ARE IMPORTANT
  • SAME ROLES, SAME DISTRESS - E.G. SINGLE PEOPLE
  • MALE ROLESHAVE LESS DISTRESS - EMPLOYMENT, RESOURCES, LESS OVERLOAD
  • FEMALE ROLES HAVE MORE DISTRESS - NO JOBS, LOWER EARNINGS, MORE OVERLOAD
optimal mental health
OPTIMAL MENTAL HEALTH
  • WOMEN WHO WORK AND HAVE HUSBANDS WHO DO EQUAL SHARE OF CHILD CARE AND HOUSEWORK
  • JUSTIFYING IDEOLOGIES
changes over time
CHANGES OVER TIME
  • WOMEN > MEN
  • DIFFERENCES SMALLER NOW
  • BECAUSE MEN RISING MORE RAPIDLY
  • WHY?
changes over time17
CHANGES OVER TIME
  • 1960’S - HUSBANDS WITH WORKING WIVES HAVE MORE DISTRESS
  • NO LONGER TRUE
  • 1990’S - HUSBANDS WITH WIVES EARNING MORE THAN THEY DO HAVE MORE DISTRESS (NOW TRUE IN 1/3 OF FAMILIES)
limits of social role theory
LIMITS OF SOCIAL ROLE THEORY
  • VERY OVERSIMPLIFIED
  • NO SEX DIFFERENCES IN PSYCHOSES
  • STUDIES BIASED BECAUSE ONLY USE FEMALE TYPES OF MENTAL ILLNESS - USUALLY DISTRESS/DEPRESSION
types of illness
TYPES OF ILLNESS
  • WOMEN = 2/3 OF DEPRESSION, ANXIETY, DISTRESS, SUICIDE ATTEMPTS
  • MEN = 2/3 OF ALCOHOL AND DRUG PROBLEMS, 4X SUICIDES
  • MEN ALSO 5X VIOLENCE, 2X CAR ACCIDENTS
  • OVERALL RATES EQUAL
reasons
REASONS
  • CULTURAL EXPECTATIONS ABOUT GENDER ROLES
  • WOMEN INTERNALIZE
  • WOMEN EXPECTED NOT TO EXTERNALIZE
  • MEN EXTERNALIZE
  • MEN EXPECTED NOT TO INTERNALIZE
implications
IMPLICATIONS
  • MAKES MANY STUDIES OF SEX DIFFERENCES IN DISTRESS HARD TO INTERPRET
  • SHOULD USE MULTIPLE OUTCOMES TYPICAL OF EACH SEX