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Mental Health and mental illness

Mental Health and mental illness. What is mental health??????? What is Mental Illness???????. The World Health Organization (WHO) define health as a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being & not merely the absence of disease or infirmity .

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Mental Health and mental illness

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  1. Mental Health and mental illness

  2. What is mental health??????? • What is Mental Illness???????

  3. The World Health Organization (WHO) define health as a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being & not merely the absence of disease or infirmity . • Mental health is more than the absence of mental illness: it is vital to individuals, families and societies.

  4. Mental health is described by WHO as:- A state of well-being in which the individual realizes his or her own abilities, can cope with the normal stresses of life, can work productively and fruitfully, and is able to make a contribution to his or her community (WHO 2001)

  5. Mental Health • Is: • A life long process a sense of harmony and balance for the individual, family, friends and community.

  6. What are the components of a mentally healthy person ?????

  7. Emotional Intelligence • Managing your own emotions internally • Emotional self control • Recognizing emotions in others • Handling Relationships

  8. Resiliency • Humor • Optimistic approach to life • Morality • Insight • Independence • Relationships • Initiative • Creativity

  9. Spirituality • Relationships,values • Questions of purpose of meaning in life

  10. Why do people have mental problems????? • How do we come to an understanding of mental illness??????

  11. What is mental health • Mental health refers to the maintenance of successful mental activity. This includes maintaining productive daily activities and maintaining fulfilling relationships with others . • It also includes maintaining the abilities to adapt to change and to cope with stresses


  13. A positive attitude toward self • This means an objective view of self, knowing its strengths & limitations & accepting both.

  14. 2. Growth, development & self-actualization: • This entails successful achievement of each developmental task, seeking new growth & new challenges.

  15. 3.Integration :It implies maintaining an equilibrium & balance between various life processes (between what is expressed & what is repressed, between outer & inner conflicts , drives , a regulation of one's emotions & reactions without falling apart.

  16. 4. Autonomy • It refers to the individual's ability to perform in an independent & self-directed manner, & accepting responsibility for the outcomes.

  17. 5. Perception of reality • This means perception of the environment without distortion, as well as the capacity for empathy & social sensitivity.

  18. 6. Environmental mastery • It suggests the ability to achieve a satisfactory role within group, society or environment with a reasonable feeling of controlling his situation.

  19. Define mental illness • A mental illness is a clinically diagnosable disorder that significantly interferes with an individual's cognitive, emotional & or social abilities. • There is no health without mental health

  20. Mental health and mental illness continuum Mental health Mental illness

  21. In mental illness, signs and symptoms commonly show upas: -Behaviors, such as repeated hand washing, stereotypic behavours. -Feelings, such as sadness, depressed mood.

  22. Thoughts, such as delusions that the television is controlling your mind -Physiological responses, such as sweating, disturbance in sleep

  23. Mental Health Nursing • Therapeutic Relationship • Caring • Basis for nursing • Compassion • Sensitivity

  24. Mental Health Nursing • Hildegard Peplau identified the Nurse-Patient Relationship • Introductory Phase • Working Phase • Termination Phase

  25. Conditions Essential for a Therapeutic Relationship

  26. Positive Regard • Trust • Non-judgmental • Acceptance • Warmth • Empathy • Authenticity

  27. Roles of Psychiatric Nurse • Socializing Agent • Teacher • Model • Advocate • Counselor • Role Player • Milieu Manager

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