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Air and Energy Class • June 3, 2006. Introduction. Welcome. Overview of today’s class Review Land class self-test Air and Energy: Challenges and opportunities Current efforts What can I do? Demos Project Prep: Project Development Capsule Civic Footprint Wrap up.

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Presentation Transcript
welcome

Introduction

Welcome

Overview of today’s class

Review Land class self-test

Air and Energy:

  • Challenges and opportunities
  • Current efforts
  • What can I do?
  • Demos

Project Prep:

  • Project Development Capsule
  • Civic Footprint

Wrap up

air and energy challenges opportunities

History and Big Picture

Air and Energy Challenges & Opportunities

Brendan Daley

DOE’s Energy and Air Quality Division

the air energy connection

History and Big Picture

The Air & Energy Connection

Throughout history, our energy choices have affected our air quality.

"Chicago - Epoch of a Great City"

Henry Sternberg, 1938. A WPA mural project.

consequences of inefficient energy usage

History and Big Picture

Consequences of Inefficient Energy Usage
  • More air pollution
    • Resulting health issues
  • Higher cost of living
  • Degraded environment
    • Slag, mining, oil spills, radioactive waste dumps
  • Global warming
air challenges

History and Big Picture

Air Challenges

Outdoor Air Pollution

  • Mobile sources
  • Point sources
  • Area sources
  • Natural/Biogenic sources
air challenges1
Seven key outdoor pollutants:

CO2

Has an indirect adverse effect on human health by contributing to global warming

EPA’s six “criteria pollutants”

Concentrations above established thresholds can have a direct adverse effect on human health.

History and Big Picture

Air Challenges
air challenges2

History and Big Picture

Air Challenges

Indoor Air Pollution

  • Lack of natural ventilation
    • (Surgeon General reports Americans spend 85 - 95% of their time indoors.)
  • Tobacco smoke => Carcinogens
  • Stoves, fireplaces => Carbon dioxide
  • Paints, cleaning products, bldg materials => VOCs
  • Mold => Allergens
  • Vermiculite => Asbestos
  • Gas-powered appliances => Carbon monoxide
  • Naturally occurring seepage => Radon
  • Lead paint, windows, soil => Lead
air pollution consequences

History and Big Picture

Air Pollution Consequences

Human Health

  • Diseases of respiratory (asthma), cardiovascular, and nervous systems
  • Sick building syndrome

Environmental and Community Health

  • Urban smog, acid rain, heat island effect

Global Climate Change

  • Greenhouse gases trap solar radiation and warm atmosphere
air pollution consequences1

History and Big Picture

Air Pollution Consequences

Greenhouse effect causes global warming

air pollution consequences2

History and Big Picture

Air Pollution Consequences

Global warming effects

Chicago’s Shoreline Sister Cities

Areas in red indicate a 6 meter rise in sea-level.

This is the estimated sea-level rise that would occur if the Greenland Ice Sheet were to melt.

now for some good news air energy solutions

History and Big Picture

(Now, for some good news...!)Air & Energy Solutions

Structural:

  • Smarter building design – AIA challenge: carbon neutral by 2030
  • Urban planning – high density development allows people to walk to access necessities
  • Large scale investment in energy efficient and renewable technologies
  • Energy efficiency and pollution laws and policies

Individual:

Daily choices are critical:

  • Consumption: What? How much? Reduce, Reuse, Recycle, Resist!
  • Practice energy efficiency
  • Alternative transportation
  • Small-scale investment in energy efficient & renewable technologies
  • Buy local
  • Activism and advocacy
chicago s energy solutions

History and Big Picture

Chicago’s Energy Solutions

Renewable Energy

  • 20% of City energy from renewable sources by 2010
  • Sponsored 1MW solar PV installations at local facilities
  • Solar thermal grant program

Art Institute of Chicago PV Installation (51.5 kilowatts) – 2001

slide17

History and Big Picture

Chicago’s Energy Solutions

Energy Efficiency

  • Chicago Industrial Rebuild Program
    • More than 50 Private Industrial Sites
    • $15.5M of identified annual savings
  • Retrofitting of city facilities
    • More than 15 million s.f. of City & allied agency facilities
    • Annual savings of approx. $4M
  • Policies
    • Adopted Chicago Energy Efficiency Code in 2003; beginning enforcement in 2006
    • Requiring LEED cert. for all new municipal bldgs
    • Urban heat island policies
  • LED traffic lights
    • 400+ installed
  • Green roofs
    • City Hall installation
    • Grant program

Basement Lighting Retrofit - BEFORE

Basement Lighting Retrofit - AFTER

chicago s air solutions outdoor

History and Big Picture

Chicago’s Air Solutions - Outdoor

Chicago Climate Exchange

  • Chicago a founding member in 2001
  • Commitment to reduce GHG emissions
  • 2004 reductions 37.7% below baseline

Alternative Fuels

  • 93 compressed natural gas vehicles
  • 161 ethanol vehicles
  • 25 hybrid sedans

Alternative Transportation

  • 100 miles of bike paths, 10,000 bikes racks
  • Free downtown trolleys
chicago s air solutions indoor

History and Big Picture

Chicago’s Air Solutions - Indoor

Indoor Air Quality

  • Transitioning to green cleaning products in all city facilities
  • Lead abatement program
    • Chicago Lead and Energy Efficiency Retrofits Program
  • Household Hazardous Waste drop offs
    • Public can drop off unused high VOC materials like paints
  • Smoking ban