Cyborg rights r clarke ieee technology and society magazine september 2011 30 3 pg 49 57
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CYBORG RIGHTS R.CLARKE IEEE Technology and Society Magazine (September 2011), 30 (3), pg. 49-57. By: Alex Basso. WHAT IS A CYBORG?.

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Cyborg rights r clarke ieee technology and society magazine september 2011 30 3 pg 49 57

CYBORG RIGHTSR.CLARKE IEEE Technology and Society Magazine (September 2011), 30 (3), pg. 49-57

By: Alex Basso

What is a cyborg

  • Usually when people think cyborg they think of The Million Dollar Man or Robocop. Essentially people think a cyborg is a being which is half human and half robot.

  • While this is not untrue it is not the full definition of a cyborg.

  • In CYBORG RIGHTS by R.Clarke the definition of a cyborg is broken down into 2 sections:

  • A) Prosthete: a human that has a prosthesis.

  • B) Orthot: a human that uses an orthosis.


  • A prosthete is essentially a prosthetic that helps a human gain functionality that they previously did not have, or helps to bring a defective functionality up to par.

  • A prosthete can also be broken down into 3 sections:

  • Endo-Prothesis: Internal and integrated with the body; e.g. a pace maker.

  • Exo-Prothesis: outside of the body but integrated

    with it; e.g. artificial limbs

  • External Prothesis: this is separate from the body,

    but is still integrated with it; e.g. a cane.


  • An orthot is an item which is separate from the body, but which enhances a function.

  • An orthot can be broken into two categories:

  • External Orthosis: this is external to the body but is integrated with it; e.g. a microscope.

  • Exo-Orthosis: this is on the

    outer extremity of the body,

    but integrated with it; e.g.

    an artificial limb that

    enhances the naturals

    limb performance

    (extra fingers).

Works cited
Works Cited

  • Clarke, Roger. "IEEE TECHNOLOGY AND SOCIETY MAGAZINE." Cyborg Rights (2011): 49-57. Ryerson Library. Web. 2 Oct. 2012. <>.

  • Rick Hansen In His Wheel Chair. Digital image. CBC, 14 Oct. 2011. Web. 2 Oct. 2012. <>.

  • Screen Shot 021. Digital image. Http:// Eidos Montreal, n.d. Web. 2 Oct. 2012. <>.

Pre cyborg rights
Pre-Cyborg rights

  • Pre-Cyborg rights are the rights one has before they are a cyborg.

  • Some of these rights include:

  • The right to recive quality of life prosthtetics; e.g. hearing aids.

  • The right to recive a matter of life and death prosthetics; e.g. pace makers

  • The right to decline a prothesis or orthosis; e.g. a tracking chip.

  • The right to claim on organizers of sporting events to enable the participation of cyborg athletes; e.g. wheel chair basket ball.

Rights of the prosthete
Rights of the Prosthete

  • Some of the rights of some one who is a cyborg with a prosthete(s) are:

  • The right to disconnect from a prosthete; e.g. take their artifical limb off or disconect from a life support system.

  • The right to use any or all of the 3 different types of prosthete (exo, endo, and external) in facilities used by the public; e.g. a wheelchair on a boat.

  • The right to claim on the organizers of sporting events to participate seperatly from able bodied athletes(and vise versa)

Rights of the orthot
Rights of The Orthot

  • Some rights of a cyborg who has an orthot(s):

  • The right to claim upon organizers of sporting events to participate with able-bodied athletes.

  • The right to claim against others to use their enhanced capabilities, perhaps within only a certain context, or perhaps generally, and in some cases free from retributive justice; e.g. security personelle

  • The right to observe, transmit, and record the behaviour of others; e.g. The EYEBORG

Rights of the supplier and installer
Rights of the Supplier and Installer

  • The rights that the Suppliers and Installers of prosthete’s and orthots have:

  • The right to develop, research and install prosthete’s and orthots.

  • The right to be free from imposed legal liabilites, except where neglagence is shown.

Responsibilities of the engeneering profeesion
Responsibilities of the EngeneeringProfeesion

  • The responsibilites of the engeneering profession essentaily entail two main responsibilities:

  • To construct new or update old environments to be cyborg friendly; e.g. Wheel chair ramps.

  • To raise public awareness, on a national level, about cyborgs and what challenges need to be over come.