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acids and bases n.
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Acids and Bases

Acids and Bases

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Acids and Bases

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  1. Acids and Bases 7-5.6

  2. The pH Scale: a tool used to measure how acidic or basic a solution is

  3. Acids • pH less than 7 • Sour taste • Reaction with some metals • Examples • Lemon Juice • Vinegar • Black coffee • Orange Juice • Bases • pH greater than 7 • Bitter taste • Slippery feel • Examples • Baking soda • Soapy water • Bleach The pH Scale

  4. Neutral Solution • pH of 7 • Not an acid or base • Example • Pure Water The pH Scale

  5. Litmus Paper • Turns red in an acid • Turns blue in a base • Turns Violet in a neutral solution • Phenolphthalein • Tests for a base • Turns magenta in a base • Colorless in an acid or neutral solution • pH Paper • Range of colors depending on pH • Compare color of paper to chart Indicators: substance that can be used to determine if a solution is acidic, basic, or neutral