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RSSS 315 (Sixth Week). Slavic Folklore: Vampires and Werewolves. Basic information. Instructor: George Gutsche Teaching assistants: Kenny Cargill, Paula McCambridge [email protected] D2L; http://russian.arizona.edu/courses/vampires Office hours: T 11-12:30 or by appointment.

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rsss 315 sixth week

RSSS 315 (Sixth Week)

Slavic Folklore: Vampires and Werewolves

basic information
Basic information
  • Instructor: George Gutsche
  • Teaching assistants: Kenny Cargill, Paula McCambridge
  • [email protected]
  • D2L; http://russian.arizona.edu/courses/vampires
  • Office hours: T 11-12:30 or by appointment
boris karloff 1887 1969
Boris Karloff 1887-1969
  • English, then Canadian, then American
  • Willliam Pratt, then Boris Karloff
  • Not Slavic or East European
klaus kinski 1926 1991
Klaus Kinski 1926-1991
  • German-Polish heritage
  • Nosferatu: Phantom of the Night 1979
dracula chapters 8 13
Dracula: Chapters 8-13
  • Marriage in Budapest
  • Continuing adventures of Renfield
  • Van Helsing summoned by Seward
  • First of four transfusions (Arthur)
  • Next: Seward, Van Helsing, and Quincey Morris
dracula continued
Dracula continued
  • Safeguards: do they work?
  • Escape of the wolf
  • Renfield getting stranger
  • As Lucy gets worse, status situation of Mina improves
  • Lucy gets weaker, sharper teeth! Danger to Arthur
  • Lucy dies (VH says: only the beginning)
  • Harker sees Dracula on the street
  • News reports of a “bloofer” lady
literature into film challenges
Literature into Film: Challenges
  • Background information
  • Imagery
  • Suggestiveness
  • Inner dialogue, monologue
quick review
Quick Review
  • Folklore accounts of the 1700s
  • German poetry: Ossenfelder, Goethe, Bürger
  • English poetry: Southey, Byron
  • English short stories: Byron, Polidori
  • French and English plays and novels
  • Russian and German stories
  • All lead to Carmilla and Dracula
carmilla
Carmilla
  • Lesbianism
  • Setting on edge of Eastern Europe (part of Styria is in Slovenia today)
  • Influenced literature and films
    • Hammer's The Vampire Lovers (1970)
    • Carl Theodor Dreyer's Vampyr (1932)
    • Numerous others
joseph sheridan le fanu 1814 73
First published in Dark Blue, December, 1871 through March of 1872.

Some have said: "probably the best vampire story of all"

Diminished Gothic's emphasis on external sources of terror

Focus on the psychological effects

Lesbian theme would be productive in later fiction and film

Joseph Sheridan Le Fanu, 1814-73
daughters of darkness 1971
Daughters of Darkness (1971)
  • Another cult “classic”
  • Harry Kumel
  • Combines Carmilla and Bathory
nosferatu films german
Nosferatu films (German)
  • Murnau’s Symphony of Horror 1922
  • Herzog’s Nosferatu 1979
more folklore accounts to consider russian
More folklore accounts to consider (Russian)
  • Death at the Wedding
  • Bucket of Blood
  • Sorcery
background for stoker
Background for Stoker
  • Biography 1847-1912
  • Irish; college; civil servant, journalist, drama critic
  • Personal secretary to Henry Irving (actor) in England
  • Married, one child
  • Wrote novels and short stories (18 books)
  • Dracula 1897 – best known
general remarks
General remarks
  • Stoker’s narrative
  • Stoker’s stylistic devices
  • Stoker and science
  • Stoker sites
literature into film challenges20
Literature into Film: Challenges
  • Background information
  • Imagery
  • Suggestiveness
  • Inner dialogue, monologue
general interpretations of werewolves
General interpretations of werewolves
  • Psychological
  • Sociological
  • Ideological
more on reality based vampires
More on Reality-Based Vampires
  • Perkowski’s Psychic vampires
  • Psychology of sucking, biting, thirsting, death and rebirth
    • Links with milk and blood
    • Oral sadism
    • Attraction, repulsion ambivalence
    • Projection: revenge of the dead
woman empowered lucy and nosferatu
Woman Empowered: Lucy and Nosferatu
  • Men are secondary
    • Van Helsing’s role diminished
    • Jonathan in a trance
  • Face to face with Dracula: she is not afraid
  • Terms of the sacrifice: purity of heart plus dawn
  • Does He hope that she will win?
forensic bases
Forensic bases
  • Burial practices
  • Decomposition: features
  • Decomposition: duration
  • Possible to explain vampires
key facts
Key facts
  • Shallow or no graves
  • Bloating during decomposition
  • Fluids expelled during decay
  • Dead bodies make noises
  • Decomposition generates heat
  • Skin shrinks back
  • Corpses attract wolves
  • Puncturing is the best treatment for bloat
carl dreyer s vampyr 1932
Carl Dreyer’s Vampyr (1932)
  • Famous expressionist film director (Danish; 1889-1968)
  • Evil presence, atmosphere
  • Two daughters, one “infected”
  • Reassuring male presence
bela lugosi 1882 1956
Theater background

1931 “hit”

Career swings

Sad ending

Bela Lugosi 1882-1956
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