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What is a Sentence?. Mrs. Marino Houghton Mifflin, Reading, grade 3 Extra Support Handbook Pages 20-21. Bare Bones. Capital letter at the beginning Subject: noun or subject pronoun Predicate: verb Punctuation. No, but don’t race ahead of me!. That’s all?. Let Me Explain.

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What is a sentence

What is a Sentence?

Mrs. Marino

Houghton Mifflin, Reading, grade 3

Extra Support Handbook

Pages 20-21

Bare bones
Bare Bones

  • Capital letter at the beginning

  • Subject: noun or subject pronoun

  • Predicate: verb

  • Punctuation

No, but don’t race ahead of me!

That’s all?

Let me explain
Let Me Explain

  • Noun: Names a person, place, thing, or idea

    • Person: common noun or proper noun

      • Common: girl, boy

      • Proper: Emma, Donald

    • Place: common noun or proper noun

      • Common: school

      • Proper: John L. Golden Elementary

    • Thing: common noun or proper noun

      • Common: dog

      • Proper: Tea Cup Chihuahua

    • Idea: common noun

      • friendship, love, courage, bravery

Here s more
Here’s More

  • Pronoun: This word takes the place of a noun or nouns. They can be singular or plural.

  • Example:

    • The teacher greeted the students.

    • She greeted the students.

  • There are three types of pronouns:

    • Subject pronoun: This does the action.

      • I, you, he, she, they, we, it

    • Object pronoun: This receives the action.

      • me, you, him, her, us, them

    • Possessive Pronouns: These show ownership.

      • my, your, his, her, its, our, their

Let s have some action
Let’s Have Some Action

  • Verb: Shows action or links ideas

  • There are 3 types of verbs:

    • Action verbs tell what the subject is doing.

      • watches, jumps, reading, listening (some examples)

    • Linking verbs link the subject to a word in the predicate part of the sentence.

      • am, are, be, been, is, was, were

    • Helping verbs come before the main verb, and help state an action or show time.

      • can, could, did, do, had, has, have, may, should, will, would

Let s practice
Let’s Practice

  • Thumbs up = a complete sentence

  • Thumbs down = not a sentence

  • Wendell and Floyd were in the office.

  • entered the office

  • lost a hat

  • Her feet were visible.

  • A moment later

Literature focus
Literature Focus

  • “The Lunch Room” (Reader’s Library)

  • Walk through the story with me

  • Illustrations

  • Predict the sequence of events, based on the illustrations

  • Use signal words: first, next, and at last

Sentence expanders
Sentence Expanders

  • Add details

  • Subject expanders

  • Predicate expanders

  • Prepositions

  • Conjunctions

  • Interjections

Sentence expanders1
Sentence Expanders

Subject expanders:

  • Adjectives describe a noun or pronoun.

    • Sensory adjectives tell what kind.

    • Number adjectives tell how many.

    • Articles are adjectives.

    • Describes one noun (positive form)

    • Compares two nouns (comparative form)

    • Compares three or more nouns (superlative form)


Comparative: add “than” after the word, -er, or “more” before the word

Superlative: add –est at the end of the word or “most” before the word

Special Form: The words change spelling.


  • Adverbs describe a verb, or tells how an action is done.

    • Time: how often or when action is done

      • often, yesterday

    • Place: where something happens

      • nearby, outside

    • How: how something is done

      • brightly, silently

    • Why: why something is done

      • “to get some sleep”, “because he was hungry”


  • A preposition is a word that introduces a prepositional phrase.

What is a sentence

I’m flying around the cat!

The fly is over my head as I rest on the desk!

I am near the desk.

I am asleep under the desk.

I’m hiding inside the drawer.

Two more
Two More

  • Conjunctions connect words or groups of words.

    • after, before, until, where, because, since, when, while

  • Coordinate Conjunctions:

    • and, but, or, nor, for, so, yet

    • “Or” connects two words.

    • “And” connects two phrases.

    • “But” connects two simple sentences. (Place a comma after the first sentence.)

  • Interjections are words or phrases used to express strong emotions or surprise. It is followed by an exclamation point or a comma.

    • Hey! Hold on!

    • Wow, look at him go!


  • Teacher observation

  • Daily work

  • Daily writing

  • Informal discussions

  • Literature selections

  • Theme Skills tests

  • Daily language activities